Economists polled by Reuters forecast retail sales rose 3.8 percent in January from a year earlier, compared with a 2.6 percent gain in November.
Data last week showed Japan's economy, the world's third largest grew, just 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter from the previous one. That was below market expectations for a 0.7 percent increase and stoked concerns that Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's plans to revive the economy have stalled.
(Read more: Japan's GDP miss – What went wrong?)
"Japanese January data for household spending, the labor market and industrial production are likely to show continued growth, and a continuing rising trend in inflation (all due Friday)," said Shane Oliver, head of investment strategy and chief economist at AMP Capital in Sydney, said in a note.
In South Korea, President Geun-hye is expected to outline how she plans to nearly double South Korea's per capita national income, according to local media reports.
January trade data from Thailand is due on Tuesday and earnings season continues with results from China's Baidu, Australian flag carrier Qantas and HSBC on the calendar.
— Writing by CNBC's Dhara Ranasinghe. Follow her on Twitter at @DharaCNBC