With over 11,000 miles of rugged coastline, shallow waters and more than 1,000 offshore wind turbines, the U.K. is recognized as a global player in the field of offshore wind energy.
Less controversial than their onshore cousins, which have sparked numerous protests and political debates, the future for offshore wind power -- it currently generates enough electricity to power two million homes, according to RenewableUK, a not-for-profit renewable trade association -- is looking good.
In March this year, investment worth £310 million ($523 million) in the U.K.'s offshore wind sector was announced, with the potential to create 1,000 jobs.
However, there is one significant barrier to expansion -- the costs of running an offshore wind program are very high. By 2020, the U.K. authorities hope to have reduced the cost of offshore wind to £100/MWh.
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One way to help lower costs may be to use suction power.
It is within this climate that the U.K. Carbon Trust is overseeing the Offshore Wind Accelerator program, which is hoping to reduce the cost of offshore wind through innovation and the use of technology. According to the trust, innovation within the industry could reduce costs by £37.50/MWh.
"Investing in innovation has huge long-term benefits," Breanne Gellatly, Associate Director, Innovations, Offshore Wind Accelerator Programme, told CNBC.com in a phone interview. "And the challenge with offshore wind versus onshore wind is the amount of money you need to get a project built."
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