China's Baosteel, Aurizon offer $1 billion for Aquila Resources

What's behind China's interest for Aquila Resources?

China's Baoshan Iron and Steel (Baosteel) and Australia's Aurizon Holdings launched a $1 billion bid for an Australian resources firm in a move that could break the stranglehold of giant miners Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton on the country's iron ore exports.

Monday's unsolicited A$1.14 billion ($1.06 billion) offer to take over Aquila Resources could open up a new Australian iron ore export region to supply Asian steelmakers, jump starting the $7 billion West Pilbara Iron Ore project (WPIO), half-owned by Aquila.

Baosteel's move would be the biggest foray into an undeveloped iron ore project in Australia by a Chinese investor since CITIC Pacific ran into massive cost blowouts and delays on the $10 billion Sino Iron project, which started producing in 2013.

In a statement, Baosteel, China's largest listed steelmaker and 20 percent owner of Aquila, and rail company Aurizon said they will offer A$3.40 in cash per share, a 39 percent premium to Aquila's last closing price. Including Baosteel's existing stake, the offer values the target at A$1.42 billion in total.

Trucks load coal at the Baosteel Group Corp. facilities in Shanghai, China.
Doug Kanter | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Aquila shares were due to begin trading in Sydney at 11.00 am (01.00 GMT).

The suitors decided to go straight to Aquila shareholders with an offer on Monday after failing to secure a meeting on Sunday with Aquila's executive chairman and 30 percent owner, Tony Poli.

Aquila said it was approached out of the blue by Baosteel and Aurizon with the offer on Saturday. The target has appointed Goldman Sachs to advise on the offer and said it would appoint an independent committee to evaluate the offer.

If the Baosteel-Aurizon bid is successful, and feasibility studies prove the West Pilbara Iron Ore project to be commercially viable, the partners expect to start producing iron ore in 2017-18, Aurizon Chief Executive Lance Hockridge told reporters on a conference call.

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Hockridge shrugged off market concerns of an oversupply of iron ore, saying Baosteel is a growing producer and will need more iron ore and coking coal for its mills. South Korean steel giant POSCO is also a stakeholder in the WPIO project.

"They continue to look for sources of quality supply at competitive rates to underpin their growth," Hockridge said of Baosteel's motivation for the deal.

A successful bid would also give Baosteel a stake in the Eagle Downs hard coking coal project that Aquila is developing with Brazil's Vale SA.

Aurizon, advised by UBS, said it would acquire 15 percent of Aquila if the deal was successful. It aims to take a majority stake in port and rail infrastructure for the WPIO iron ore project.

Baosteel is being advised by Deutsche Bank.