The British pound fell on Tuesday, on track for its biggest daily decline in two weeks against the dollar, after Bank of England chief Mark Carney did little to bolster interest rate hike expectations.
The pound fell around a third of a percent against the euro, leading to broad gains for the single currency. The euro barely reacted to a German IFO survey that showed sentiment weakened more than expected in June, as concerns grew among companies in Europe's largest economy that conflict in Ukraine and Iraq would hurt their business.
It was Carney's testimony to lawmakers that was the highlight of the European session. Carney, his deputy Charlie Bean and monetary policy committee member David Miles all emphasised the UK economy still had spare capacity that needed to be used up before interest rates rose.
Amid higher-than-usual volumes on the Reuters platform, fell 0.3 percent to a day's low under $1.70, its lowest in a week. The was up 0.3 percent at 80 pence.
Sterling had risen to its highest in nearly six years last week , after Carney seemed to make a U-turn on policy earlier this month, saying rates might rise earlier than many were predicting. That led investors to move up expectations for a rate increase to later this year instead of the first quarter of 2015.
Explaining why he signalled that rates might rise sooner than markets were expecting, Carney told lawmakers that investors had not adjusted enough to strong UK economic data.
While British data has generally exceeded expectations, euro zone data has fallen short, and things were no different on Tuesday. The think tank Ifo's business climate index fell to 109.7 from an unrevised 110.4 in May, its second straight monthly loss and short of forecasts for a 110.2 reading.
The , though, brushed aside the survey and was last flat around $1.36, helped mainly by its gains against the pound. But traders are wary of pushing it higher, since the data were likely to bolster expectations the ECB will ease policy further. On Monday, German PMI data fell short of expectations, suggesting the economy may be losing momentum.
The yen was steady against the and the dollar as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe detailed his so-called "Third Arrow" policies. Those include phased corporate tax cuts and changes to the $1.26 trillion Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), the world's biggest pension fund.
--By Reuters. For more information on foreign exchange, please click here.