UK factory data drives sterling highest since crisis

Sterling hit its highest level since the 2008 financial crisis on Tuesday after a survey showed British manufacturing growing at its fastest in seven months, adding to the case for a rise in interest rates this year.

The PMI index of sentiment among manufacturing purchasing managers rose to 57.5 in June from 57.0 in May - its highest since November and well above the 50 line that divides growth from contraction. Economists in a Reuters poll had expected the index to fall to 56.8.

The survey adds to evidence that Britain's consumer-led recovery is becoming more balanced and sustainable. The numbers are likely to reassure policymakers looking for a more broad-based recovery based on greater exports, manufacturing and business investment.

Sterling rose near $1.72, up around 0.25 percent on the day. In contrast to the UK data, U.S. data disappointed with the Institute for Supply Management's index of national factory activity at 55.3 in June, almost unchanged from May's 55.4 reading.

But it was under the 55.8 reading a Reuters poll expected.


The euro fell about 0.3 percent around 79.77 pence from around 80.05 pence before the UK data. Against a basket of major currencies, sterling hit its highest in nearly six years, rising to 88.6, data from the bank of England showed.

Some traders said expectations for robust growth and an ensuing Bank of England hike in interest rates for the first time in seven years now looked well priced into sterling.

The last month has shown, however, that the currency will still move on changes in expectations on how early that first hike might come.

BoE policymakers have massaged expectations on the timing of their first move in a series of comments over the past month.

The market is divided over whether they could move as early as November this year or wait until well into 2015.

Either way, the bank is firmly expected to be the first of the world's major central banks to tighten monetary policy and that has driven a roughly 10 percent gain in the past year.

The BoE starts a two-day policy meeting next Wednesday where it is widely expected not to make any changes. On Thursday, the European Central Bank's governing council meets and is expected to keep policy unchanged after lowering rates just last month.

Economists polled by Reuters expect 212,000 jobs to have been added in June, for the fifth straight month of gains above 200,000, which is a run unmatched since the period from September 1999 to January 2000.

A weaker-than-expected payrolls report could see the U.S. dollar suffer more.

The dollar has shed 0.7 percent against a basket of currencies in June, on growing expectations that U.S. interest rates will not be heading higher anytime soon.

—By Reuters

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