European shares closed lower on Tuesday thanks to fears over an upcoming independence vote for Scotland spreading across the region and weak trade on Wall Street.
The pan-European FTSEurofirst 300 provisionally closed lower by 0.4 percent at 1,385, with major country bourses in the red.
The U.K.'s FTSE 100 Index closed unofficially 0.1 percent lower, little affected by a speech from Bank of England Governor Mark Carney earlier on Tuesday. He said that if the Bank began raising rates in spring 2015, inflation would settle at around 2 percent and a further 1.2 million jobs would be created.
Instead, investors focused on whether Scotland might vote to quit the United Kingdom next week, and the economic uncertainty that this could bring. To encourage Scots to vote "no" to full independence, the three main parties in London are set to launch proposals for more devolution and greater powers for Scotland on Wednesday, if it remains part of the union.