The Business Roundtable is an association of U.S. CEOs that represent companies with $7.4 trillion in annual revenues. Every quarter, they release the CEO Economic Outlook Survey that forecasts the health of the economy by asking CEOs to report their companies' plans for the next six months in sales, capital expenditure and employment. The fourth-quarter survey included responses from 129 CEOs, 63 percent of the roundtable membership.
The CEOs cited tax policy and regulatory issues as the two key factors that deter the pace of U.S. investment spending. Regulatory costs were identified as the top cost pressure that CEOs face in their companies, followed by labor costs.
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"The economy ended the year essentially where it started, performing below its potential," said Randall Stephenson, chairman of the Business Roundtable and CEO of AT&T.
"Congress and the administration should act now on tax extenders and trade promotion authority to encourage additional business investment in the United States to help the economy grow and create more jobs."
Several Business Roundtable CEOs will appear on CNBC's "Squawk Box" on Wednesday morning, including ExxonMobil's Rex Tillerson and BlackRock's Larry Fink.