This is where the battle between the Founding Fathers and the Internet is headed, because there are pros and cons to enhanced anonymity and decentralization.
When you combine the benefits of a decentralized network with popular and relatively easy-to-use anonymity tools such as TOR or I2P, an otherwise unknown scenario is created in countries around the world that have government censorship issues—people who were previously denied the ability to speak and hear the truth are now able to do so right from their home computer—and their government has no easy way of tracking of them and preventing them from interacting freely with the world.
On the other hand, nefarious actors use the same technologies to get around law-enforcement capabilities and engage in overtly illicit activities—beyond simple free speech. The most well-known example relates to bitcoin.
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Bitcoin operates under a decentralized computing scheme where the payment processors (miners) are located all around the world and contributing their processing power to the network, while the actual bitcoin nodes (which contain copies of the block chain) are also decentralized. In a scenario where law enforcement seeks data beyond the tokenized data on the block chain, there currently aren't any options for them to rely on, which is why many people currently associate bitcoin with illegal Internet activities.
While bitcoin is becoming a more legitimate means of value transfer, it cannot be denied that there are many services that are illegal in nature operating on the Dark Web that only accept bitcoin as a form of payment, specifically because it is an anonymous payment method that protects both the site operator and the consumer from identification.
With the rise of online privacy advocacy, especially since Edward Snowden released information on NSA programs, including PRISM, there has been a growth in the number of people utilizing anonymous means to transact on the Internet—whether it's through the use of TOR, bitcoin, or through other technologies. For the most part, the use of bitcoin and the other anonymity tools mentioned above give people a feeling of security—that they can live their life without the fear of unnecessary government intrusion. If this trend continues, it is likely that we will see a significant shift in how law enforcement seeks out the data it requires to manage its cases.