Greek stocks rallied up to 5 percent on Monday, as its new left-wing government began what one market analyst called a "charm offensive" on to persuade its euro zone partners to create a new debt agreement with the country.
The government has already started to reverse austerity measures unpopular in Greece that were a condition of its current bailout agreement—a move that could make make negotiations harder.
"Germany remains, for its part firmly opposed to any form of debt reduction, as do the Finns, and it is these two stances that are becoming increasingly difficult to reconcile given that Greece's debt is to all intents and purposes unsustainable," said Michael Hewson, chief markets analyst at CMC Markets, in a note on Monday.
Read MoreCan Europe resist Greece's charm offensive?
The German DAX index was another strong performer on Monday, closing unofficially higher by 1.0 percent. The Spanish IBEX performed worst out of the major country bourses, ending unofficially lower by 1.4 percent.
Meanwhile, final January manufacturing PMI data for the euro zone came out on Monday. It showed factor activity grew slightly last month and the figure of 51.0 was in line with a previous estimate.
U.S. stocks opened higher on Monday, encouraged by rising oil prices, before paring some gains.