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West Texas Facility Promising Project for Interim Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel

WASHINGTON, Feb. 9, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Nuclear Energy Institute today welcomed Waste Control Specialists' plan to site an interim consolidated storage facility for used nuclear power plant fuel in west Texas as "a promising project" that shows the challenges of managing used nuclear fuel at a national level are surmountable.

Coupled with recent developments concerning used nuclear fuel management, the announcement by WCS that it will submit a license application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is "a significant development and could enable the federal government to meet its statutory obligation and begin moving used fuel before a repository is open," said Beverly Marshall, NEI senior director for federal programs.

Other notable developments include:

  • Last month's NRC issuance of the final two volumes of the five-volume Safety Evaluation Report for the proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository in Nye County, Nev. Volume 3, issued last October, demonstrates the long-term safety of the proposed repository.
  • Last year's court-ordered suspension of the collection of the Nuclear Waste Fund fee. The Nuclear Waste Fund currently has a balance in excess of $30 billion and continues to earn interest of more than $1 billion a year.

WCS, located in Andrews County, Texas, today announced its intent to design and license an interim consolidated storage facility that could be used by the federal government to store commercial used nuclear fuel until a federal disposal facility becomes operational. Conceptually, this facility is similar to the storage facilities currently in use at over 60 power plant sites around the country.

"I am confident that WCS, Andrews County and the state of Texas are uniquely positioned to provide an interim solution for the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle while a permanent solution is pursued," said William J. "Bill" Lindquist, chief executive officer of Waste Control Specialists.

The Andrews County Commission has embraced the plan, unanimously approving a resolution supporting the project on Jan. 20. WCS has operated low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities in Andrews County since 2012. The commission stated in its resolution that the company "has consistently shown its commitment to the environment and the citizens of Andrews County."

"The industry supports the efforts of Waste Control Specialists and other communities and states as they demonstrate that there is interest in hosting interim nuclear fuel storage facilities—one element of properly managing the entire fuel cycle. The industry believes that an interim consolidated storage facility is a prudent investment and would complement the proposed Yucca Mountain repository. This is a promising project," Marshall said.

The industry has long advocated for an integrated strategy for used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste management. The elements of this integrated strategy include:

  • A new management and disposal organization dedicated solely to executing a high-level radioactive waste program and empowered with the authority and resources to succeed.
  • Access to the annual collections and corpus of the Nuclear Waste Fund for their intended purpose, without reliance on the annual appropriations process but with appropriate congressional oversight.
  • Completion of the Yucca Mountain repository.
  • An interim consolidated storage facility for used nuclear fuel and DOE's high-level radioactive waste in a willing host community and state. Used fuel from shutdown commercial reactor sites without an operating reactor should have priority when shipping commercial used fuel to the storage facility.

Development of one or more interim storage facilities was a key recommendation of the president's Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future in 2012. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality subsequently analyzed the challenges of developing a consolidated storage facility. It concluded in a 2014 report that such a facility in Texas would, as stated in the county's resolution, "offer electricity consumers significant savings compared to storage at each nuclear power plant" and that a facility is "not only feasible but could be highly successful."

Used nuclear fuel is a byproduct of electricity generation at the nuclear energy facilities that power one of every five U.S. homes and businesses. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act and Department of Energy contracts with electric utilities obligated the federal government to begin disposing of used nuclear fuel by Jan. 31, 1998. DOE's failure to meet its obligation costs the taxpayer hundreds of millions of dollars a year in damage payments. DOE estimates the total liability for the federal government at $27.1 billion, including the $4.5 billion already paid. This estimate assumes that the DOE begins accepting used nuclear fuel in 2021.

"On behalf of nuclear energy producers and suppliers, we urge Congress to take action to implement the necessary elements of an integrated strategy to safely manage used nuclear fuel," Marshall said. "Funding should be provided to DOE and NRC to complete the review of the Yucca Mountain license application. In addition, DOE should be authorized and funded to implement an interim consolidated storage program to explore the unique opportunity that the WCS project and future projects may present.

"The federal government must begin to meet its legal obligations as soon as possible and to ensure that the federal program is sustainable for the long-term management and disposal of commercial used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The industry stands ready to work with Congress and the administration on any proposal that seeks to advance the federal program."

Recognition of the WCS project also came from the Nuclear Waste Strategy Coalition (NWSC), an ad hoc organization representing the collective interests of member state utility regulators, consumer advocates, tribal governments, local governments, nuclear-generating utilities, utilities with shutdown reactors, and other public and private sector experts on nuclear waste policy matters.

"Important and positive steps are being taken on the nuclear waste front in 2015," said Chairman and Michigan Public Service Commissioner Greg White. "Less than two weeks ago, the NWSC recognized the NRC staff's completion of its independent and long overdue safety evaluation of the Yucca Mountain repository. Today, we recognize WCS and Andrews County, Texas, for taking the initial steps toward licensing an interim consolidated storage facility. The NWSC believes such a facility for the storage of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste is a way for the federal government to begin meeting its obligations under the law pending the licensing and operation of a permanent disposal repository for all the nation's nuclear waste. To best protect electric consumers and taxpayers, we call on the 114th Congress to support funding for the NRC and DOE to establish interim consolidated storage facilities with priority for shutdown reactor fuel and complete the licensing process for Yucca Mountain."

The Nuclear Energy Institute is the nuclear energy industry's policy organization. This news release and additional information about nuclear energy are available at www.nei.org.

CONTACT: Contact NEI's media relations staff at media@nei.org, 202.739.8000 during business hours or 703.644.8805 after hours and weekends.

Source:Nuclear Energy Institute