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Tens of thousands of Singaporeans braved torrential rain and lined the streets on Sunday to bid a final farewell to the nation's founding father and first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.

Lee's casket, draped in Singapore's national flag, was transported on gun carriage from the Parliament House to the National University of Singapore (NUS) for a state funeral service. The 15.4 kilometer-route covered several landmarks of significance in his half-century long political career.

Several world leaders, including former U.S. President Bill Clinton, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japanese Prime Minsiter Shinzo Abe, gathered in the city state to attend the funeral.

Singapore declared a national period of mourning from March 23 to March 29 to mark the passing of the revered leader, who is credited with transforming the country from a mudflat into a thriving, global metropolis within a single generation.

Lee, a predominant figure in post-colonial Asia, passed away peacefully early on March 23 at the age of 91.

Click ahead to view scenes from the state funeral and Singapore's heavy-hearted farewell.

Mohd Fyrol | AFP | Getty Images