Nikkei sheds 0.2%
Japan's Nikkei 225 index edged down on Tuesday, pulling away further from the 20,000-point psychologically-important level, which it pushed through for the first time in 15 years end of last week.
Recent gainers continued to be the target of profit-taking; Meiji Holdings extended losses to fall 3.5 percent Tuesday, while drugmaker Shionogi & Co settled 2.7 percent lower.
Firms with exposure to the mainland were in focus following the GDP print; industrial robot maker Fanuc ticked up 0.3 percent, while Fast Retailing and construction machinery maker Komatsu eased 1.2 and 1.9 percent each.
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ASX falls 0.6%
Australia's S&P ASX 200 index finished at a one-week low, reversing a higher open, as worries about slowing growth momentum in the world's second-biggest economy offset the rebound in mining plays.
Westpac led losses with a 1.6 percent decline, while Australia and New Zealand Banking, Commonwealth Bank of Australia and National Australia Bank retreated between 1 to 1.5 percent. Retailers were also on the backfoot; JB Hi-Fi and Myer lost over 2 percent each.
The resources sector fared better on Tuesday. After an extensive sell-off in the past few sessions, major iron ore producers rebounded as prices of the commodity found some reprieve. BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto rose 1.3 and 1.6 percent, respectively, while Fortescue Metals climbed 1.1 percent. Woodside Petroleum and Santos closed up 0.4 percent each.
Meanwhile, the Australia dollar was hit by China's growth data, falling to a low of 0.7583 against the dollar from $0.7604 before, and briefly touching 90.78 yen.
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Kospi adds 0.4%
South Korea's benchmark Kospi index closed up 0.4 percent to chalk up a four-day winning streak, claiming further grounds above the 2,100-point level after crossing the landmark for the first time in nearly four years on Tuesday. Soft data from the mainland - South Korea's largest trading partner - did not have much immediate impact.
Grand Korea Leisure surged 3.1 percent following media reports that the state-run casino operator is close to signing an agreement with U.S.-based Mohegan to build a 1 trillion won casino resort. Posco firmed up 0.6 percent after Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway said it still owns "a considerable amount" of the steelmaker's shares.
Asiana Airlines is in focus after one of its plane skidded off a runway while landing in western Japan and about 20 passengers received minor injuries. Shares of the carrier slumped 4 percent.
Meanwhile, markets in Thailand remain closed for the annual Songkran Festival.
— CNBC's Li Anne Wong contributed to this report