Markets mostly shrugged off mixed morning economic reports. The Consumer Price Index, a key indicator for inflation, is due Friday morning.
"Collectively the data today signals to me that we're seeing a reasonably firm economy, while there's nothing (supporting) that the Fed is going to do anything at its June meeting," said Mark Luschini, chief investment strategist at Janney Montgomery Scott. "I think the market is very tolerant of that."
Still, lack of significant strength in corporate earnings and continued moderation in economic growth keeps a cap on gains, he said.
"I think the market today is going to focus on economic data," said Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Rockwell Global Capital. "Basically I think we're heading for a mixed session and the post-Fed focus continues to support the bond market and that should support equities."
Existing home sales for April fell 3.3 percent, missing an expected 1 percent gain to 5.24 million units. Earlier in the week, reports showed home builder sentiment fell in May, but housing starts for April came in much better than expected.
"We think the housing market is set for a prolonged period of moderate improvement but not rapid acceleration," said Michael Baele, managing director for private client research at U.S. Bank.
Manufacturing PMI came in at 53.8 for May, below expectations of 54.5. The initial read showed slowing growth for the second straight month, with new orders increasing at their slowest pace since January last year, financial research firm Markit said.
The May U.S. Philadelphia Fed Index showed a gain of 6.7.
The Conference Board's leading indicator index, which forecasts future economic activity, showed a gain of 0.7 percent in April. The index was expected to register the 15th consecutive increase, given a decline in initial unemployment claims.
Read MoreLeading indicators in April soar past expectations
Art Hogan, chief market strategist at Wunderlich Securities, said the leading indicators was encouraging for stocks. "The second quarter is looking stronger," he said.
Weekly jobless claims came in at 274,000, above expectations of an increase to 271,000 from the prior week's 264,000. The 4-week moving average remains the lowest since April 2000.
"It's still indicative of a modestly improving job environment but not gangbusters that the Fed has to raise rates," said Nick Raich, CEO of The Earnings Scout.
"Whenever global markets start to have a bit of uncertainty global banks (give) support," he said.
The Fed minutes showed policymakers mostly brushed aside the wobbly start the U.S. economy has had in 2015, attributing the lack of growth to "transitory" factors that will abate soon. However, only a few policymakers supported a June rate hike.
"The market really is pricing out any move by the Fed (in the near future)," said Patrick Maldari, senior fixed income specialist at Aberdeen Asset Management. "As long as growth stays around 2 percent it's going to be very difficult for the Fed to meet it's objectives."
Fed Chair Janet Yellen is scheduled to speak on Friday at the Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce Economic Outlook luncheon at 1 p.m. She is not expected to take questions.
U.S. Federal Reserve Vice Chair Stanley Fischer said on Thursday at a forum that the euro zone crisis had made the monetary union stronger and proved that the European Central Bank has the ability to carry out effective policy in the region.
The S&P 500 hit a new intraday high on Wednesday and the Nasdaq briefly traded above its closing high before both indices pared gains.
"Yesterday's failed breakout above intraday resistance by the S&P futures makes a pullback likely in the days ahead," BTIG Chief Technical Strategist Katie Stockton said in a morning note. "In a departure from trend, we think the transportation sector is likely to outperform during a broad-based pullback given its relatively oversold status."
The Dow transports gained half a percent after plunging nearly 2 percent on Wednesday, dragged down by airlines.