Earnings season is in full swing, and once again there are considerable worries about what some are calling a "revenue recession."
It is a problem, but there are several obvious reasons for it, which may reverse in the second half of the year.
Second quarter earnings for the S&P 500 are expected to be down 3.8 percent, according to Factset. However, those numbers typically rise 3 to 4 percentage points as reports come in, so earnings are likely to be flat for the quarter.
Flat earnings growth is still not great—it's roughly what we saw last quarter—but revenues are expected to be down 4.2 percent, and that is not likely to change too much.
Why no revenue growth? Partly, it's because companies have not been able to raise prices. There's also been fairly slack demand as economic growth has been tepid.
But the main pressure on S&P earnings this year is coming from the historic collapse in oil prices and the pressure on earnings and revenues for energy companies.
Oil companies will see a roughly 35 percent drop in revenues in the second quarter. If you remove energy stocks from the S&P 500, revenue growth would be up 1.6 percent for the S&P 500, rather than down 4.2 percent, according to Factset.
Still, even up 1.6 percent is nothing to get excited about. Those kind of numbers, repeated over many quarters, make it very difficult to have profit growth.
Will this decline in revenues continue? The two wildcards to watch are oil and the dollar. If oil prices rise, energy companies will have stronger profits and revenues.
The strong dollar has reduced the overseas profits of multinational companies based in the U.S. and made exports less competitive, particularly for technology, energy, and material companies, all of which get more than half their revenues overseas.
Unfortunately, the trend is not favorable for either oil or the dollar. Oil is stuck in the low $50's, a flat-to-down trend, and after weakening in April and May, the dollar has been strengthening for the past month.