Gold was on the brink of five-year lows on Tuesday, with more losses expected in the coming months following Monday's "bear raid" when sellers dumped an estimated 33 tons in just two minutes.
The sudden bout of selling in Shanghai and New York occurred during illiquid trading hours, with a wave of orders placed during a one-minute period shortly after the Shanghai Gold Exchange opened on Monday.
Within a further minute, the deals had been completed, sending the most-active U.S. gold futures contract down $48 to as low as $1,080.00 per ounce, its weakest since February 2010. Gold worth $1.3 billion changed hands on the Chinese and U.S. markets on Monday, and the lack of liquidity on a day when Japanese markets were closed for a holiday hastened the slide.
stood at $1,100.26 per ounce on Tuesday, with another 29 tons worth about $1.02 billion changing hands on the Shanghai exchange during the day. That was almost double the exchange's 16 ton average daily volume last month.
U.S. gold futures for August delivery settled down $3.30 at $1,103.50.
Monday's move has left the market vulnerable to further slippage - possibly paving the way toward $1,000 per ounce.
Many investors analyse charts of previous market moves to decide their strategy, with prices hitting resistance at certain levels as they rise, or finding support as they fall.
In this case, traders and analysts are speculating that at least one major fund took advantage of the thin market to push the gold price through a support level on the charts, possibly because they had already sold gold short. Chinese entities were seen as the most likely sellers on Monday.
Ashok Shah, investment director at London & Capital investment fund, said upwards blips were possible but doubted they would last.
"You are going to get some bear market rallies but structurally the market has been broken and over the six-month period you'll get the bear trend continuing," he said.
After sliding on Monday by the most in a day since September 2013, bullion is trading just above the critical $1,100 an ounce support level, another breach of which could lead to a further selloff, traders and analysts say.
An expected increase in U.S. interest rates has driven gold's recent descent along with sluggish demand in top consumers China and India. China disclosed on Friday a 57 percent increase in its gold reserves from 2009, far less than the market had estimated.
Investors have found less and less reason to hold gold as a safe haven following the international financial crisis, with the dollar strengthening before what is expected to be the first rate increase by the U.S. in nearly a decade.
The slide has helped to wipe out half the gains from the last decade's historic bull run, taking prices back to the key chart level and threatening a break towards $1,000 an ounce.
But the price is unlikely to fall sharply again in the immediate short term as it did when it fell 13 percent over two consecutive trading days in April 2013, analysts said.
"I wouldn't be surprised if gold starts to recover a bit back up $1,130 in the coming days, but my sense is that it is still going lower," Deutsche Bank analyst Michael Lewis said.
"At these levels we don't think gold is being considered cheap. That's why we wouldn't be saying to people this is their opportunity to buy because we have no real fundamental justification for gold to go up, given the imminent Fed rate hike and potential for more dollar strength."
Reflecting fading interest in gold, holdings in the SPDR Gold Trust investment fund fell to its lowest since 2008.
The price slide also threatens to halt a run of mergers and acquisitions among mining companies just as momentum in the sector was picking up.
Among other precious metals, platinum, which hit a 6-1/2-year low on Monday, was up 0.5 percent. Palladium - which dropped as much as 3.4 percent to its lowest since October 2012 at $593 an ounce on Monday - was last up 1.7 percent at $614.75.
Spot silver, the least hit among precious metals in Monday's slide, was up 1.2 percent at $14.80 an ounce.