The European Commission announced a 500 million euro ($557 million) package of measures on Monday to provide relief for farmers stung by slumping prices triggered partly by the loss of exports to Russia due to EU sanctions against the country.
The crisis has triggered a wave of protests which culminated on Monday with nearly 5,000 farmers and more than 1,000 tractors arriving in Brussels, where an emergency meeting of the EU's Agriculture Council was being held.
"This package will allow for 500 million euros of EU funds to be used for the benefit of farmers immediately. This is a robust and decisive response,"
European Commission Vice-President Jyrki Katainen said. The European Commission said it was seeking to help farmers with cash-flow difficulties, stabilise markets and improve the functioning of the supply chain.
The plan allows member states to advance some payments to farmers and the Commission said it was working closely with the European Investment Bank to design financial instruments where repayments were linked to commodity prices.
Albert Jan Maat, president of farmers group Copa, said Russia was one of the EU's main markets and sanctions imposed as part of the dispute over Ukraine last year had led to the loss of about 5.5 billion euros of agri-food exports.
"This situation is not our fault yet it is our sector that is being hit the most. EU farmers are paying the price for international politics," he said.
Farmers have been facing a worsening cash flow crisis.
"We are now in early September, bills have not been paid for the summer and a lot of milk producers will not be able to see there way through the winter unless cash is put on the table immediately," Mansel Raymond, Dairy chairman at Copa said.
The Commission said it would be proposing a new private storage scheme for pigmeat, an increased budget for promoting products in 2016 and added it was also working hard on bi-lateral trade agreements, most recently with Canada and Vietnam.
Milk prices paid to EU farmers are down 20 percent from last year at 30 euro cents a litre on average.
In the Baltic States, which has been worst hit by Russian sanctions, prices are even lower at around 20 euro cents.
The Commission said it had not yet finalised the national distribution of the support funds but there would be "particular regard to those Member States which have been most affected by market developments."