Yellen cited concerns about instability elsewhere in the world when she spoke about her decision. The Fed has since been criticized for assigning too much importance to market turmoil elsewhere, rather than focusing on the U.S. domestic economy, when making its call. There have also been concerns that uncertainty of when rate rises will happen is now more of a drag on stock markets than a small rate rise, which has been long expected, would be.
Read MoreBernanke: Fed might want to heed market on rates
Edwards points to "the continuing slide in U.S. break-even inflation expectations" in the bond market as a clear sign that bond market traders, at least, do not "believe the Fed is in control any more." U.S. bonds due for repayments in five years are now below their January low and are now only 20 basis points above the euro zone, despite an apparently healthier U.S. economy.
Edwards drew comparisons between the U.S. at the moment and Japan in 1995 – when the surging value of the yen made exports for Japanese businesses extremely difficult.
The strategist, who is well-known for his uber-bearish predictions, added: "All this money printing will ultimately end in tears."