Japan's government lowered its assessment of the economy on Wednesday as output sags, in a worrying sign that recovery is stalling as overseas demand weakens.
The government also downgraded its view of industrial production as factory activity contracts and inventories rise.
The gloomy overall assessment raises the stakes for the Bank of Japan's monetary policy meeting at the end of the month and places Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's economic policies under even greater scrutiny.
"The economy is in a gradual recovery trend, but there are some pockets of weakness," the Cabinet Office said in its monthly economic report. "Recently, industrial output has weakened."
Last month, the government said the economy was recovering but in some parts the recovery has dwindled.
The last time the Cabinet Office downgraded its assessment was in October last year.
An unexpected fall in August industrial production prompted some economists to suggest Japan's economy could contract in July-September, which would put it in a technical recession after the previous quarter's contraction.
In addition to the decline in output, a rise in inventories also led the government to lower its assessment.
The Cabinet Office said exports are weakening, the same as its assessment from last month.
Consumer spending is holding steady, unchanged from last month.
Capital expenditure is showing signs of recovery, the Cabinet Office said. But some economists say the trend for capital expenditure is unclear because the data has been mixed.
There is lingering market speculation the BOJ will expand its quantitative easing program at the Oct. 30 meeting in which it is seen likely to downgrade its gross domestic product and consumer price growth forecasts.
Prime Minister Abe is trying to breathe new life into his economic agenda with a series of announcements on improving the welfare system and adapting to Japan's rapidly aging population, but some economists worry Abe's new economic policies are too vague and may not be able to deliver the dramatic acceleration he seeks.