Janet Yellen takes issue with Citi's recession call

It's not every day that the chair of the Federal Reserve takes a public opinion on a specific piece of Wall Street research. But Thursday, Janet Yellen found herself compelled to do just that.

In testimony before Congress' Joint Economic Committee, Yellen was asked by Rep. Pat Tiberi about a piece of research released by Citigroup's rates strategy team Monday.

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Specifically, Tiberi, an Ohio Republican, wanted to know what Yellen made of Citi's conclusion that there is a 65 percent chance of a U.S. recession in 2016.

"The economists said that they would assign about a 65 percent likelihood of a recession in the United States in 2016. Now, 65 percent sounds high to me, but I'm not an economist and I'm not the Fed chair. But zero risk might be too low as well. So what would you assign a risk level of a recession next year?" Tiberi asked.

Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen testifies before a Joint Economic Committee hearing in Washington, December 3, 2015.
Nicholas Kamm | AFP | Getty Images
Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen testifies before a Joint Economic Committee hearing in Washington, December 3, 2015.

While making clear that she "cannot put a number on the risk of a recession," Yellen did go on to directly disagree with the Citi analysis.

"I absolutely wouldn't see it as anything approaching 65 percent," the central banker said.

This is not a huge surprise, given that the Fed has forecast GDP growth of about 2.3 percent in 2016, which is neither a gangbusters nor recessionary number.

Interestingly, the chief concern raised by Citi's global head of G-10 rates strategy, Harvinder Sian, appears to be that Fed policy is not accommodative enough.

Thanks to "the pernicious effects of a debt super-cycle ... pushing natural rates to zero or below in many regions including the U.S., Europe and Japan," the historically low rates maintained by the Federal Reserve and others "looks only superficially like easy central bank policies."

This is akin to the argument made in a recent paper released by the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco: "Monetary conditions remain relatively tight despite the near-zero federal funds rate, which in turn is keeping economic activity below potential and inflation below target."

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In other words, the concern is that while rates are low, they are not low enough.

Interestingly, then, Citi's ultimate concern appears to be that the Fed is pursuing policies that are too hawkish. Of course, the opposite argument, that rates have been too low for too long, has long been the more prevalent complaint on Capitol Hill.


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Michael Santoli

Michael Santoli joined CNBC in October 2015 as a Senior Markets Commentator, based at the network's Global Headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, N.J.  Santoli brings his extensive markets expertise to CNBC's Business Day programming, with a regular appearance on CNBC's “Closing Bell (M-F, 3PM-5PM ET).   In addition, he contributes to CNBCand CNBC PRO, writing regular articles and creating original digital videos.

Previously, Santoli was a Senior Columnist at Yahoo Finance, where he wrote analysis and commentary on the stock market, corporate news and the economy. He also appeared on Yahoo Finance video programs, where he offered insights on the most important business stories of the day, and was a regular contributor to CNBC and other networks.

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