If you thought 2015 was bad for Chinese equity markets, this year's started on an even more rocky note.
January was the worst month for shares listed on the mainland since 2008, according to data compiled by spread betting firm IG.
The benchmark Shanghai Composite index tanked more than 24 percent last month while the Shenzhen Composite tumbled 27 percent, taking the title of Asia's worst-performing indices in what has been a tumultuous start to the year.
Concerns about the direction of the renminbi, confusing communication from policymakers and fresh signs of slowing economic growth have spurred investors to trim riskier bets, exacerbating a global equity sell-off.
During the first week of the year, the People's Bank of China allowed the biggest fall in the yuan in five months, twice triggering a circuit breaker that saw markets close early. Beijing has since suspended the mechanism amid fears it only increased investor jitters about the health of markets.