Ankara is fighting a growing number of enemies within and outside its borders.
Turkey, which is believed to have the world's 10th largest army, is not only taking aim against the terrorist group known as Islamic State (IS) along with coalition forces in Syria, but it is now shelling Kurdish separatists from the People's Protection Units (YPG) in the north of Syria and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in Iraq.
A collapsed ceasefire with the PKK back after two years of relative peace in July has sparked a flare-up of violence, attacks and government crackdowns. The PKK, which have been fighting for regional independence, are recognized as a terrorist organization by Turkey and western allies and have been blamed for numerous attacks.
However, Ankara blamed Wednesday's deadly bombing on the YPG, a Syrian Kurdish militia group, that Turkey is urging allies to similarly recognize as a terrorist organization. It's proven difficult, though, given the YPG is helping the U.S. fight IS in Syria.
There is speculation that the country's latest call for boots on the ground to end the war in Syria amid a precarious ceasefire may be partly driven by an interest in eliminating an alleged Kurdish threat.