- Data to be Presented at 26th ECCMID Conference, 11 April 2016
OXFORD, United Kingdom, March 29, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Summit Therapeutics plc (NASDAQ:SMMT) (AIM:SUMM), the drug discovery and development company advancing therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Clostridium difficile infection (‘CDI’), announces that it will present additional data from the Phase 2 CoDIFy trial at the 26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (‘ECCMID’). In the accompanying abstract published online today, data from Summit’s Phase 2 CoDIFy trial demonstrated that administration of the narrow spectrum antibiotic ridinilazole resulted in a marked reduction in rates of CDI recurrence as compared to standard of care vancomycin (14.3% vs. 34.8%). This result drove the previously reported statistical superiority in sustained clinical response rates of ridinilazole over vancomycin (66.7% vs 42.4%) in the treatment of CDI. Sustained clinical response was defined as clinical cure at the end of treatment and no recurrence in the 30 days after therapy. Recurrence is the key clinical issue in the treatment of CDI as repeat episodes are typically more severe and associated with an increase in mortality rates and healthcare costs.
Rates of clinical cure at the end of treatment in the Phase 2 CoDIFy trial were 77.8% for ridinilazole and 69.7% for vancomycin. These analyses were conducted on the modified intent-to-treat (‘mITT’) population that comprised subjects with CDI diagnosed by the presence of free toxin in faeces.
The related poster, entitled “Ridinilazole for Clostridium difficile infections: safety and efficacy compared with vancomycin from the CoDIFy Phase 2 clinical trial,” will be presented by Professor Mark H. Wilcox, Consultant Microbiologist & Head of Microbiology at the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Professor of Medical Microbiology at the University of Leeds, and Public Health England's Lead on C. difficile in England, on 11 April 2016, from 13:00-14:00 CEST in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
CoDIFy was a double blind, randomized, active controlled, multi-centre, Phase 2 clinical trial that evaluated the efficacy of ridinilazole (formerly known as SMT19969) against vancomycin in a total of 100 patients. Half of the patients received ridinilazole for ten days (200 mg, twice a day), and the remaining half received vancomycin for ten days (125 mg, four times a day). The results of the trial showed ridinilazole achieved statistical superiority in SCR using the pre-specified 90% confidence interval, with SCR rates of 66.7% compared to 42.4% for vancomycin. SCR is defined as cure at the end of therapy and no recurrent disease 30 days post end of therapy. The primary analysis was conducted on the modified intent-to-treat (‘mITT’) population that comprised subjects with CDI diagnosed by the presence of free toxin in faeces. In preliminary analysis of the gut microbiome, ridinilazole was found to be highly preserving of the gut microbiome. Ridinilazole treated patients in CoDIFy exhibited no further damage to their microbiome during therapy with a proportion of patients showing initial evidence of recovery of key bacterial groups with roles in protecting from CDI. In contrast, vancomycin treated patients suffered substantial damage to their gut microbiome during treatment and this persisted in many patients during the 30-day post treatment period.
Notes to Editors
About C. difficile Infection
C. difficile infection is a serious healthcare threat in hospitals, long-term care homes and increasingly the wider community with between 450,000 and 700,000 cases of CDI in the US annually. It is caused by an infection of the colon by the bacterium C. difficile, which produces toxins that cause inflammation, severe diarrhoea and in the most serious cases can be fatal. Patients typically develop CDI following the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics that can cause widespread damage to the natural gastrointestinal (gut) microbiome and allow overgrowth of C. difficile bacteria. Existing CDI treatments are predominantly broad spectrum antibiotics, and these cause further damage to the gut flora and are associated with high rates of recurrent disease. Recurrent disease is the key clinical issue in CDI as repeat episodes are typically more severe and associated with an increase in mortality and healthcare costs. The economic impact of CDI is significant with one study estimating annual acute care costs at $4.8 billion in the US.
Ridinilazole (previously known as SMT19969) is an orally administered small molecule antibiotic that Summit is developing specifically for the treatment of CDI. In preclinical efficacy studies, ridinilazole exhibited a highly selective spectrum of activity and had a potent bactericidal effect against all clinical isolates of C. difficile tested. In a Phase 2 proof of concept trial in CDI patients, ridinilazole showed statistical superiority in sustained clinical response (‘SCR’) rates compared to the standard of care, vancomycin. In this trial, SCR was defined as clinical cure at end of treatment and no recurrence of CDI within 30 days of the end of therapy. Ridinilazole has received Qualified Infectious Disease Product (‘QIDP’) designation and has been granted Fast Track status by the US Food and Drug Administration. The QIDP incentives are provided through the US GAIN Act and include an extension of marketing exclusivity for an additional five years upon FDA approval.
About Summit Therapeutics
Summit is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development and commercialisation of novel medicines for indications for which there are no existing or only inadequate therapies. Summit is conducting clinical programs focused on the genetic disease Duchenne muscular dystrophy and the infectious disease C. difficile infection. Further information is available at www.summitplc.com and Summit can be followed on Twitter (@summitplc).
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Source:Summit Therapeutics PLC