Real Estate

Mortgage applications drop 4.1% over Fed rate uncertainty

The mortgage market should be heating up with the spring temperatures, but it's not.

Despite strong buyer demand in the housing market, mortgage applications decreased 4.1 percent last week from the previous week on a seasonally adjusted basis, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association.

Despite the drop, they are still 42 percent higher than the same week one year ago.

Matthew Lloyd | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Both applications to refinance a loan and to purchase a home fell, as interest rates maintained a slow climb. Refinance applications decreased 4 percent from the previous week, seasonally adjusted, and purchase applications decreased 5 percent. Applications for government loans, which require very low down payments, fell 6 percent for the week to the lowest level since November.

The average contract interest rate for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages with conforming loan balances ($417,000 or less) remained unchanged at 3.85 percent, with points decreasing to 0.36 from 0.37 (including the origination fee) for 80 percent loan-to-value ratio loans. Rates for other loan products, however, rose.

"Market expectations for a June Fed [rate] hike have increased recently, leading to a flattening of the yield curve, as short-term rates have risen more than longer-term rates. As a result, we saw an increase in rates for 15-year mortgages last week, even as rates on 30-year loans remained unchanged," said MBA Chief Economist Mike Fratantoni. "We have also seen the ARM [adjustable rate mortgage] share drop, as more borrowers opt for fixed-rate loans."

Jumbo borrowers have also moved away from the market due to rising rates. The average loan size on refinances has now dropped for three straight weeks. Buyers may also be getting sticker shock, as home prices continue to rise faster than they were expected to this year.

"House prices have breached the peak levels of 2006, raising concerns about the long-term sustainability of current price levels," Sean Becketti, chief economist at Freddie Mac, wrote in a report detailing how the gap between home prices and income is increasing dramatically, leading to higher risk in the housing market.

A Wells Fargo home mortgage office in San Francisco.
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Low mortgage rates give buyers extra purchasing power and therefore contribute to higher home prices. While mortgage rates do not directly follow the Federal Reserve's moves, the expectation is that home loans will become more expensive should the Fed raise its rates. That was not the case, however, after last year's rate increase, due to other factors in global financial markets. Much volatility lies ahead for mortgage rates, especially with the May employment report being released on Friday. Other concerns are also weighing on the markets.

"Today [Tuesday], for instance, a poll came out saying that the U.K. was slightly more likely to exit the European Union — something that could cause the Fed to leave rates unchanged in June," said Matthew Graham, chief operating officer of Mortgage News Daily. "So when the Brexit odds increased, interest rates moved lower in financial markets. Granted, this isn't the only consideration moving interest rates, but it speaks to the diverse sources of volatility in the coming days as investors increasingly try to decide if the Fed will hike in June."