But potential deals may be hampered by growing anti-India sentiment within Congress.
In May, a hearing on U.S.-India relations held by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC) produced numerous complaints about Indian policies that discouraged U.S. investment.
"We're not as brutally honest about our relationship with India as we should be, and it benefits neither them nor us," remarked Bob Corker, U.S. senator and SFRC chairman, pointing to "unparalleled bureaucratic red tape", "serious concerns" about intellectual property and high tariffs as examples.
New Delhi also came under criticism for its human rights record.
"How does a country like this have 12 to 14 million slaves?" Corker said in May. "Do they have just zero prosecution abilities, zero law enforcement; I mean how could this happen? On that scale, it's pretty incredible."
A report released this month showed the heavyweight Asian economy had 18 million people--the world's highest--living in slavery, i.e. situations where a person's freedom is restricted for exploitation.
Issues like these could force Modi to test his skills and mark a sharp contrast from the hype that dominated his first U.S. visit in September 2014, Gateway House remarked. "Now, the pendulum has swung a little from that happy place."
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