Meet the 2016 CNBC Disruptor 50 companies

In the fourth annual Disruptor 50 list, CNBC features private companies in 15 industries — from aerospace to financial services to cybersecurity to retail — whose innovations are revolutionizing the business landscape. These forward-thinking starts-ups have identified unexploited niches in the marketplace that have the potential to become billion-dollar businesses, and they rushed to fill them. Some have already passed the billion-dollar mark at a speed that is unprecedented. In the process, they are creating new ecosystems for their products and services. Unseating corporate giants is no easy feat. But we ranked those venture capital–backed companies doing the best job. In aggregate, these 50 companies have raised $41 billion in venture capital at an implied Disruptor 50 list market valuation of $242 billion, according to PitchBook data. Already it's hard to think of the world without them. Read more about the consumer and business trends that stand out in the 2016 list ranking and the methodology used to select this year's Disruptor companies.

1 Uber A $66 billion on-demand ride
2 Airbnb There's no place like (someone else's) home
3 Ezetap Leading India's cashless revolution
4 Palantir Technologies Big data; bigger secrets
5 23andMe Decoding your ancestry
6 Bloom Energy Live off the grid; keep the lights on
7 Ginkgo Bioworks Custom organism design
8 Klarna No cart left behind
9 Blippar Change your reality
10 Coursera Now we can all get in to Princeton
11 Houzz Open for renovations
12 Udacity Closing the skills gap
13 LanzaTech Don't just reduce your carbon footprint — recycle it!
14 Cloudera You make me want to Hadoop
15 DAQRI Virtual reality on the shopfloor
16 Snapchat The ghost in Facebook's machine
17 Oscar Health insurance for the 21st century
18 Phononic Seriously cool
19 MongoDB Big data's thought leader
20 Synack The white-hat army
21 Teespring Turning T-shirt designers into millionaires
22 SimpliVity Hyperconverged IT Infrastructure (ask your IT guy)
23 Slack There's no "I" in Slack
24 CloudFlare The internet's neighborhood watch
25 Spotify Playlists are the new mixtapes
26 Medium Life after Twitter for Ev and many more characters
27 Lyft Hitch a ride with General Motors
28 Veniam The internet of moving things
29 Stripe How the internet gets paid
30 SpaceX Mars or bust?
31 Automated lead generation
32 SurveyMonkey Ask more questions
33 Diamond Foundry Conflict-free marriage proposals
34 WeWork Working together is better
35 Kabbage Funding for the little guy on Main St.
36 Deezer It's French for "Spotify"
37 Humacyte New and improved blood vessels
38 Okta Protecting your identity at work
39 Twilio The telecom unicorn that makes Uber work better
40 Cylance Using A.I. to fight cybercrime
41 Moderna Therapeutics Building a massive drug pipeline
42 Dropbox Billions and billions of files saved
43 Dataminr Making Twitter make sense
44 Motif Invest in ideas
45 LISNR Using sound to make waves in the app world
46 Pinterest The world's bulletin board
47 Jaunt Put yourself in the story
48 GitHub Faster software development
49 SoFi Trying to ease the student-debt crisis
50 Instacart Squeezing melons so you don't have to

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