"Central banks around the world, especially the Japanese, are sitting on their hands waiting to see how global developments over the next week or two are going to unfold," explained Kathy Lien, managing director of BK Asset Management, referring to the Federal Reserve meeting held on Wednesday and U.K. Brexit referendum in particular.
While the U.S. central bank held off on a rate hike as widely expected, investors are parsing the Fed's statement for hints on a potential increase in July. Meanwhile, Britain votes on June 23 on whether to will stay in or leave the European Union.
The Fed's moves and the upheaval caused by a Brexit could have a sharp impact on the safe-haven yen, which has already rallied 13.5 percent year to date against the greenback, inflicting pain on the export-centric companies listed on Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 index.
The yen was at a level where it's screaming for monetary intervention but the timing just wasn't right for more stimulus, said Lien.
Like many others, she anticipated July was the earliest time Governor Kuroda could act, adding, "Central banks around the world also really want fiscal stimulus, they're pressurizing politicians to do their part so I think that's what Japan is focused on right now as well."
But there are commentators betting on action this week. They point to stubbornly low Japanese consumer price inflation (CPI) and the rallying yen as key factors justifying further quantitative and qualitative easing (QQE).
"The fundamental case for additional BOJ easing remains strong," Izumi Devalier, economist at HSBC, explained in a recent note. "In our view, the longer the board waits to address downside risks to the economy and prices, the more markets will question the central bank's commitment towards its inflation target."