European markets pared gains on Monday to close mixed, as Wall Street traded lower and oil prices fell.
The German DAX index pared gains to close around 0.4 percent higher. It received an early boost after Germany's Ifo business climate index fell slightly to 108.3 in July, but came in ahead of expectations.
The French CAC 40 index closed roughly flat and the U.K.'s FTSE 100 was 0.4 percent down. The latter was harder hit because of the heavy weighting of commodity stocks in the index. These were pressured lower by Monday's downward ride in Brent and U.S. WTI crude futures.