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Oil decline drives European markets to close under pressure; earnings weigh

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European stocks failed to finish on a positive note on Wednesday as the renewed decline in oil prices and a slew of corporate earnings curbed investor sentiment.

European Markets: FTSE, GDAXI, FCHI, IBEX

The pan-European STOXX 600 came off session lows, to close 0.20 percent down provisionally. Sectors ended mixed to mostly lower, however insurance and banks bucked the broader downward trend to close up.

The U.K.'s FTSE 100 held onto minor gains by the close, settling 0.22 percent higher, while France's CAC and Germany's DAX slipped 0.36 and 0.39 percent respectively.

U.S. markets followed a similar trend, trading mostly lower around Europe's close as quarterly results from retail firms and persistent weakness in the oil price took center stage.

Central banks, oil shake up markets

While earnings season continued to drive several individual stocks and sectors during trade, oil prices and central bank decisions also kept the market on its toes during Wednesday's session.

On the oil front, crude futures faced a choppy Wednesday session, with prices surrendering gains in later trade after the U.S. Energy Information Administration reported that U.S. commercial crude inventories had risen to a total of 523.6 million for last week, showing an increase of 1.1 million barrels. Gasoline stockpiles however fell some 2.8 million barrels.

Elsewhere, OPEC upgraded its forecast for oil demand growth in 2016 on Wednesday, in a report that may dampen hopes for a production freeze after the group meets next month. Brent crude and U.S. WTI fluctuated between losses and gains following the EIA news, trading sharply lower at Europe's close, at $44.17 and $41.94 respectively.

The Bank of England was also in focus on Wednesday, after it failed to meets it bond-buying target in its revived asset-buying program. The bank fell £52 million short of its target to buy £1.17 billion of gilts on Tuesday, the second-day of the program. During trade, the British pound came off its highs, to trade roughly flat against the U.S. dollar, hovering at $1.3001 at 4.30 p.m. London time.

Also on investors' minds was the likelihood of an imminent rate hike by the Fed, after U.S. second-quarter productivity unexpectedly fell by 0.5 percent. Economists polled by Reuters expected a gain of 0.4 percent.

Novozymes tumbles, as insurance outperforms

Earnings continued to shift market sentiment on Wednesday. The STOXX 600's biggest loser of the day was Denmark's Novozymes, finishing down 11.8 percent. This comes after the biotech firm cut its outlook for full-year organic sales growth after it reported earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) that missed analyst expectations.

And Germany's E.ON also underwhelmed, ending 7.8 percent down after it posted a more than 3 billion euro ($3.3 billion) loss in the first half of 2016 compared to a 1.15 billion euro profit a year earlier thanks to charges related to its power plant unit Uniper. The sharp fall dragged down other stocks from utilities including RWE and EDF.

Regus tumbled 6.5 percent after Numis cut its rating on the stock from "buy" to "hold". Meanwhile, Rolls Royce shares got a 4.4 percent boost after Morgan Stanley raised it to "equalweight", from "underweight".

Meanwhile, British security firm G4S rallied over 16 percent after it posted an 8.2 percent year-on-year rise in first-half core earnings. And recruitment firm Adecco jumped 2.5 percent, after it posted a 7 percent rise in net profit for the second quarter.

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The insurance sector was a bright spot helped by positive earnings. Belgian firm Ageas was near the top of the STOXX 600, closing up 5 percent, after a rise in profits in its insurance business and as it announced a 250 million euro share buy-back program.

Legal & General shares bounced back on Wednesday after falling on Tuesday following disappointing earnings. This despite Barclays cutting its price target for the stock. Shares popped 3.3 percent.

And Prudential reported a 6 percent rise in first-half operating profit that beat analyst expectations, helping push its shares up over 2 percent.

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