How many children would you like to have when you retire?
Credit for this brain-twister goes to Derek Tharp, a financial planner in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who said he drew heavy inspiration from a book called "Selfish Reasons to Have More Kids," by the economist Bryan Caplan.
Mr. Tharp said the younger couples he counseled often thought too hard about the financial cost of children in the short term and the amount of attention that younger ones needed. He encourages them to more carefully consider their future selves, the ones who will want to improve the odds of being surrounded by grandchildren — and having adult children who may be able to help in their old age.
For the record, Mr. Tharp has no children, but he has not been married for long and expects that the family dog, Eli, will not be the last living being that he and his wife will care for.
How do you think your children feel about that?
Sometimes, the people who call in Julie Ford, a financial planner in New York, to help them are in some degree of financial distress. If they have children, Ms. Ford says she asks them this question, knowing full well that parental anxiety has almost certainly rubbed off on the children as well.
Invoking the little people, she finds, often gets adults to be more honest and vulnerable. "I also try to give them ideas on how to involve kids in money conversations," she said. "If they need to make big budget cuts or vacations will look different going forward, kids can handle it. It can be a teachable moment, and that may be a bit of a silver lining."
Tell me about your financial situation when you first met.
When Ted S. Halpern, a financial planner with two offices in the Washington suburbs, feels tension brewing when he talks to couples, he hits them with this storytelling opportunity. "It goes from a tighter face to a glimmer in their eye," he said. "And they look at each other and realize that, yes, they do still love each other."
With one set of clients, they recalled their first date in a Honda Civic with a busted back seat and manually controlled windows. So he asked a follow-up: Imagine if I could have offered you a deal back then where 20 years later, you would be married with healthy children and your own business with your current income. Would you have signed that contract?
The wife leaned forward. "In blood," she said.
People usually respond in the affirmative, Mr. Halpern said. And it helps remind them of a larger point, if they are bickering over where to cut back on spending. They are arguing over something that they already have.
What are the most important things in your life?
Kevin M. Reardon, a financial planner in Pewaukee, Wis., has tried a number of leading, searching questions over the years, including the three that George Kinder, who has trained many planners, suggests. How would you live your life differently if you were completely secure financially? What would you change if you knew you only had five to 10 years left to live? And what would you regret if you knew you would die tomorrow?
Mr. Reardon eventually settled on this more basic question, which doesn't immediately suggest anything related to money. "But if you get to the why and what motivates someone, everything else just fills in from there," he said. That means using the answer and working backward to set financial goals around these matters of great importance.
What does the prospect of retirement look like to you?
Many of us thought we knew what that word meant once upon a time, and perhaps some of us still do. Financial independence. Not having to work at a job to survive. Travel. A particular age span.
Twice, however, Rick Kahler, a financial planner in Rapid City, S.D., has heard the following answer: I die.
One client who said this, a physician, had some empirical proof that this would be his fate, since all of his male relatives had dropped dead within a year or two of the day they stopped working.
Mr. Kahler says he helped bring him around to a big-tent description that is slightly more optimistic: Retirement means doing what I want, when I want, with whom I want. Once we figure that out, a successful retirement is just a matter of filling in the activity calendar and inviting others along.
Read the original article on The New York Times.