"We know that they will do whatever they need to to fight to preserve their bottom line instead of the lives and health of kids and others," said John Schachter, director of state communications for the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, one of the groups in a coalition supporting California's Proposition 56.
He added, "Studies have shown that for every 10 percent increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes, youth usage goes down like 7 percent and adult use like 3 to 4 percent."
Earlier this year, California became the second state after Hawaii to raise the legal age of smoking to 21.
"Prop. 56 is a deceptive $1.4 billion tax increase that proponents claim will help people quit smoking, but only 13 percent of the revenue raised is dedicated to helping people quit or stopping kids from starting," said the No on Prop 56 campaign in a statement provided to CNBC.
Support for Proposition 56 is currently at 63 percent, with another 32 percent against the measure and 6 percent without an opinion, according to the USC Dornsife/Los Angeles Times poll published last week. The poll consisted of just under 2,000 likely voters.
"We've seen historically that these companies are typically able to eventually pass on those tax increases in the form of price increases to the customer," said Morningstar's Fleck.
In Colorado, a proposed tobacco tax measure known as Initiative 143 would triple the taxes on a pack of cigarettes by adding $1.75 per pack to the existing 84 cents tax already on the books. Moreover, it would increase the levies on other tobacco products such as cigars and e-cigs by more than 20 percent.
North Dakota's so-called Measure 4 would lift the state's current 44 cents per pack tax on cigarettes by $1.76 per pack, or a jump of 400 percent, meaning it would go to $2.20 per pack. What's more, it would increase taxes on other tobacco products and also add taxes for e-cigs with nicotine. Altria and Reynolds American have put nearly $900,000 into the campaign to defeat the North Dakota tax.
Missouri's proposed tobacco taxes are part of two different measures. Analysts say some big tobacco companies supported the new regulation in Missouri under the so-called Amendment 3 because it essentially closes a loophole where lower-priced cigarettes (from wholesalers) were given a better deal under the original regulation. Amendment 3 would increase taxes by more than 350 percent on a pack of cigarettes, from 17 cents to 77 cents, and adds new fees for tobacco wholesalers. The state's competing measure, known as Proposition A, proposes lower tax increases without the levies on the wholesale side.
In August, Pennsylvania raised the state's sales tax rate on cigarettes from $1.60 a pack to $2.60 a pack. In Philadelphia, the tax rate will be $4.60 a pack, reflecting a $2 per-pack tax the city added in 2014.
At present, Chicago holds the distinction of having the highest combined cigarette tax rates in the U.S. ($6.16 per pack, when including state and local fees) followed by New York City ($5.85 per pack), according to the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.