The Fed left interest rates unchanged on Wednesday, but strongly signaled it could raise borrowing costs by the end of the year, citing a recent pickup in economic growth and continued progress in the labor market.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast first-time applications for jobless benefits rising to 262,000 in the latest week. A Labor Department analyst said there were no special factors influencing last week's data and only claims for South Carolina had been estimated.
The four-week moving average of claims, considered a better measure of labor market trends as it irons out week-to-week volatility, fell 2,250 to 258,500 last week.
Last week's claims data covered the survey period for September's nonfarm payrolls. The four-week average of claims fell 6,750 between the August and September survey periods, suggesting a pickup in job growth this month. Payrolls increased by 151,000 jobs in August.
While the pace of job growth has slowed from a monthly average of 186,000 in the first seven months of the year, it is well above the roughly 100,000 that Fed Chair Janet Yellen says is needed to absorb new entrants in the job market.
Thursday's claims report also showed the number of people still receiving benefits after an initial week of aid fell 36,000 to 2.11 million in the week ended Sept. 10. The four-week average of the so-called continuing claims dropped 8,000 to 2.14 million.