It will be months before the full impact is known, but Hurricane Matthew already inflicted major loss of life and property before it roared up Florida's east coast Friday.
The storm weakened to Category 3 overnight, but still packed heavy rain and wind gusts of up to 120 mph Friday as it bore down on northern Florida.
Before reaching the U.S., Matthew had already claimed more than 280 lives in the Caribbean as it battered Haiti, ripped through Cuba and roared over the Bahamas. As many as 2 million Floridians sought shelter. President Barack Obama signed an emergency declaration for the state, and Florida Gov. Rick Scott activated 3,500 members of the National Guard.
The last storm that was Category 3 or higher to hit the U.S. was Wilma in October 2005. It sliced across Florida with 120 mph wind, killing five people and causing an estimated $21 billion in damage.
It's a costly burden Florida has borne many times over the decades. But that cost has risen in recent years, all along the Gulf Coast and Eastern Seaboard, as a growing population and coastal development have put more people and property in harm's way.
In Florida alone, the federal flood insurance program has paid out nearly $3.9 billion for nearly a quarter million individual claims in the last 40 years. Among the hardest hit communities, Pensacola Beach has suffered $194 million in covered damage, and Key West has seen $174 million worth of property washed away. The combined losses for the city and counties of greater Miami top $480 million.