Central Banks

ECB set to take a pause and change tone on economy

Mario Draghi, president of the European Central Bank
Martin Leissi | Bloomberg | Getty Images

At this week's European Central Bank meeting it is all about slight changes in tone when it comes to their assessment of economic activity. With the French presidential run-off scheduled for May 7, there appears to be little appetite to rock the boat.

Until now the official ECB language has stated "growth risks are tilted to the downside" and policy rates are expected "to remain at present or lower levels for an extended period of time and well past the horizon of the net asset purchases". While no change is expected to this language, the tone may change a bit to the upside.

There is a growing sense that the ECB is getting more optimistic in their economic assessment.

"The latest incoming data have shifted the balance of risks for growth towards neutral territory in my view," Governing Council member Benoit Coeure said at an event in Brussels March 31. "But at the same time, measures of underlying inflation in the euro area remain subdued and our projected path of inflation still remains highly conditional on our policy stance."

The euro zone economy showed strong broad-based growth, according to a survey showing businesses increased activity at the fastest rate for six years as new orders stayed robust. The IHS Markit's Flash Composite Purchasing Managers' Index, seen as a good guide to growth, climbed to 56.7 from March's 56.4, its highest since April 2011. A reading above 50 indicates growth.

While this weeks meeting might see slight changes in tone, the majority of economist expects the ECB to leave monetary policy unchanged until the June meeting when new projections will be presented.

"With continued strong data in the euro area, we believe an increasing number of governors will soon come round to this view (balance of risks broadly balanced) likely leading to a change in the communication at the June meeting when new Eurosystem staff forecasts are presented," writes Anatoli Annenkov, ECB watcher at Societe Generale Group, in a note. "For now, however, the political uncertainties are likely to dominate."

The focus is on France. "Even though we still expect the ECB to give its first signs of tapering at the June or July meeting, it looks extremely unlikely that the ECB wants to steer market expectations in between the first and second rounds of the French presidential elections," Carsten Brzeski, chief economist Germany and Austria at ING Diba, said in a note.

Follow CNBC International on Twitter and Facebook.