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IIJ Announces Full Year and Fourth Quarter Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2017

TOKYO, May 15, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Internet Initiative Japan Inc. ("IIJ") (NASDAQ:IIJI) (TSE:3774) today announced its full year (“FY2016”) and fourth quarter (“4Q16”) consolidated financial results for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 (from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017).1

Highlights of Financial Results for FY2016
Revenues JPY157,789 million (up 12.2% YoY)
Operating Income JPY5,134 million (down 16.4% YoY)
Net Income attributable to IIJ JPY3,167 million (down 21.6% YoY)
Financial Targets for FY2017
Revenues JPY176.0 billion (up 11.5% YoY)
Operating Income JPY6.5 billion (up 26.6% YoY)
Net Income attributable to IIJ JPY4.0 billion (up 26.3% YoY)
Annual Cash Dividend JPY27.00 per common share

Overview of FY2016 Financial Results and Business Outlook

“In FY2016, a number of business developments, ranging from cloud, mobile, security and CDN2 carried out in recent years, led to make our business growth fundamentals stronger. Our total revenue hit strong annual growth rate of 12.2%,” said Eijiro Katsu, President and COO of IIJ.

“For cloud, more and more large-scale core enterprise systems of Japanese blue-chips are starting to make visible accumulation. Such projects include service platform for an online-ticketing company, unified business operation platform for a global manufacturing company’s group and local governments’ “Information Security Cloud.” We’ve been also continuously expanding service functions for “IIJ GIO Infrastructure P2 (“GIO P2”)”3 to meet complex cloud demands of Japanese blue-chips. Our FY2016 cloud revenue was JPY15.7 billion and we expect it to increase to JPY18.0 billion in FY2017 with these undergoing transactions and further order accumulation.”

“For mobile, while the competition has been severe, we continue to accumulate subscription mainly through sales partners and MVNE.4 As of March 31, 2017, our total mobile subscription grew to 1.86 million, annual increase of 628 thousand subscriptions. Our mobile revenue also grew by 71.3% year over year to JPY26.7 billion. Our market share among MVNOs on net addition-base in Japan was approx. 24%.5 We’re very excited about becoming Japan’s first full-MVNO service provider6 as it will enable us to develop our own embedded SIMs which is a critical element for IoT7 and preparing service cut-over in 4Q17.”

“As for security, we continue to see strong demands especially for Sandbox and DDoS protection services which led our FY2016 security services revenues to grow by 10.9% year over year. In addition to the existing security services, we launched Security Operation Center services by leveraging our massive network log data and an ability to analyze them. For CDN, we established a joint venture8 with 15 major Japanese broadcasting companies to provide reliable CDN platform. As we expect to be their primary IT provider, we should benefit from their requirement for significantly wide bandwidth.”

“In terms of financial results, FY2016 operating income decreased year over year due to the overall cost increase along with the continuous business investments and a deterioration of SI gross margin.9 However in the latter half, the revenue and income accumulated accordingly with our revised plan announced in November 2016 and SI profitability recovered in 4Q16 by mainly improving the productivity of outsourcing personnel and with the absence of large-scale unprofitable projects.”

“For FY2017, we target the total revenue of JPY176.0 billion, 11.5% annual increase, with continuous expansion of monthly recurring revenue services including mobile, many flagship GIO P2 projects, security and more. With the accumulation of recurring network services revenues and improvement of SI profitability should absorb increasing costs; thus FY2017 operating income should turn to increase to JPY6.5 billion, up by 26.6% year over year,” continued Katsu.

“IT systems requiring IoT and BigData should significantly increase in the middle-to-long term. We believe that the value IIJ can offer as a total platform provider covering, network, cloud, mobile, security, and SI should become significant,” concluded Koichi Suzuki, Founder, Chairman and CEO of IIJ.

______________________

1 Unless otherwise stated, all financial figures discussed in this announcement are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All financial figures are unaudited and consolidated.

2 CDN (Contents Distribution Network) is an optimized network to distribute contents such as pictures and videos over Internet.

3 “IIJ GIO Infrastructure P2” was launched in November 2015 as a renewed service platform to further meet Japanese enterprises IT needs are certainly contributing to promote cloud shift. The services offer public and private cloud resources seamlessly and provide closed connectivity between our cloud services to Amazon’s AWS and Microsoft Azure services to meet hybrid and multi cloud systems needs.

4 MVNE (Mobile Virtual Network Enabler) provides business and service infrastructure to MVNOs.

5 Out of 5.9 hundred thousand total net addition for all MVNOs subscription from October to December 2016 in Japan, our net addition was 1.4 hundred thousand, making approx. 24% shares. These figures are according to the report published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in March 2017.

6 For details, please refer to our press release titled “IIJ Begins to Engage in a Full MVNO for Enhanced MVNO Business” announced in August 2016.

7 IoT (Internet of Things) enables not only physical objects but also any “things” connected to network to exchange information automatically.

8 JOCDN Inc. which is our equity method investee with a 20% ownership.

9 As we disclosed in our financial target revision for FY2016 (announced in November 2016), low productivity of systems engineers in 1H16 and some unprofitable large-scale projects led to a sharp decline in systems integration profitability.

FY2016 Financial Results Summary

Operating Results Summary
FY2015FY2016YoY

Change
JPY millionsJPY millions%
Total revenues140,648157,78912.2
Network services79,29692,99617.3
Systems integration (SI)54,18857,7496.6
Equipment sales3,2752,994 (8.6)
ATM operation business3,8894,0504.1
Total costs115,993132,54214.3
Network services64,23976,38718.9
Systems integration (SI)46,22650,99210.3
Equipment sales2,9692,735(7.9)
ATM operation business2,5592,428(5.1)
Total gross margin24,65525,2472.4
Network services15,05616,60910.3
Systems integration (SI)7,9636,756(15.2)
Equipment sales306260(15.4)
ATM operation business1,3301,62222.0
SG&A expenses and R&D18,51520,1138.6
Operating income6,1405,134 (16.4)
Income before income tax expense6,1935,427 (12.4)
Net income attributable to IIJ4,0383,167 (21.6)


Segment Results Summary
FY2015FY2016
JPY millionsJPY millions
Total revenues140,648 157,789
Network services and SI business137,142 154,126
ATM operation business3,889 4,050
Elimination(383)(387)
Operating income6,140 5,134
Network service and SI business5,128 3,854
ATM operation business1,149 1,438
Elimination(137)(157)

We have omitted segment analysis because most of our revenues are dominated by network services and systems integration (SI) business.

FY2016 Revenues and Income

Revenues

Total revenues were JPY157,789 million, up 12.2% YoY (JPY140,648 million for FY2015).

Network services revenue was JPY92,996 million, up 17.3% YoY (JPY79,296 million for FY2015).

Revenues for Internet connectivity services for enterprise were JPY22,634 million, up 28.6% YoY from JPY17,597 million for FY2015, mainly due to an increase in mobile-related services revenues along with an expansion of MVNE business clients’ business transaction.

Revenues for Internet connectivity services for consumers were JPY21,735 million, up 42.5% YoY from JPY15,256 million for FY2015, mainly due to the revenue growth of “IIJmio Mobile Services,” consumer mobile services which offer inexpensive data communication and voice services with SIM cards.

Revenues for WAN services were JPY26,460 million, up 5.1% YoY compared to JPY25,177 million for FY2015.

Revenues for Outsourcing services were JPY22,167 million, up 4.2% YoY from JPY21,266 million for FY2015, mainly due to an increase in security-related services revenues.

Network Services Revenues Breakdown
FY2015FY2016YoY
Change
JPY millionsJPY millions%
Internet connectivity services (Enterprise)17,59722,63428.6
IP service*19,6719,7681.0
IIJ FiberAccess/F and IIJ DSL/F3,0773,043(1.1)
IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise)4,5809,595109.5
IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service*22,0636,441212.2
Others269228(15.4)
Internet connectivity services (Consumer)15,25621,73542.5
IIJ12,71919,63454.4
IIJmio Mobile Service*311,00117,10955.5
hi-ho2,5372,101(17.2)
WAN services25,17726,4605.1
Outsourcing services21,26622,1674.2
Total network services79,29692,99617.3
*1. IP service revenues include revenues from the data center connectivity service.
*2. From 1Q16, the revenue from “IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service”, which is included in “IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise),” is disclosed. “IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service” provides MVNO platform to our MVNE clients.
*3. From 1Q16, the revenue from “IIJmio Mobile Service” (formerly known as ”IIJmio High Speed Mobile Service” until September 30, 2016), which is included in “Internet connectivity services (Consumer)” provided by IIJ, is disclosed.


Number of Contracts and Subscription for Connectivity Services*1
as of
Mar. 31, 2016
as of
Mar. 31, 2017
YoY
Change
Internet connectivity services (Enterprise)510,067933,496423,429
IP service (1Gbps-)36743770
IP service (100Mbps-999Mbps)53259159
IP service (-99Mbps)690658(32)
IIJ Data center connectivity service270253(17)
IIJ FiberAccess/F and IIJ DSL/F75,93272,605(3327)
IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise)431,030857,903426,873
IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service*2250,757582,250331,493
Others1,2461,049(197)
Internet connectivity services (Consumer) 1,230,6001,409,259178,659
IIJ1,084,2951,275,875191,580
IIJmio Mobile Service*3747,395951,249203,854
hi-ho146,305133,384(12,921)
Total contracted bandwidth*42,315.9Gbps2,773.3Gbps457.4Gbps
*1. Numbers in the table above show number of contracts except for “IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise),” “IIJ” and “hi-ho” which show number of subscriptions.
*2. From 1Q16, the number of subscription for “IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service”, which is included in “IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise)”, is disclosed.
*3. From 1Q16, the number of subscription for “IIJmio Mobile Service” (formerly known as ”IIJmio High Speed Mobile Service” until September 30, 2016), which is included in “Internet connectivity services (Consumer)” provided by IIJ, is disclosed.
*4. Regarding IP service, data center connectivity service and IIJ FiberAccess/F and IIJ DSL/F of Internet connectivity services (Enterprise), total contracted bandwidths are calculated by multiplying number of contracts by contracted bandwidths respectively.

SI revenues were JPY57,749 million, up 6.6% YoY (JPY54,188 million for FY2015).

Systems construction revenue, a one-time revenue, was JPY22,626 million, up 7.0% YoY, mainly due to an increase and an expansion of the business transactions. Systems operation and maintenance revenue, a recurring revenue, was JPY35,123 million, up 6.3% YoY, mainly due to an increase in private cloud services’ revenues and an increase of operation and maintenance which was shifted from systems construction projects.

Orders received for SI and equipment sales totaled JPY68,599 million, up 10.5% YoY; orders received for systems construction and equipment sales were JPY26,721 million, up 3.7% YoY and orders received for systems operation and maintenance were JPY41,877 million, up 15.4% YoY.

Order backlog for SI and equipment sales as of March 31, 2017 amounted to JPY41,501 million, up 23.3% YoY; order backlog for systems construction and equipment sales was JPY7,179 million, up 18.1% YoY and order backlog for systems operation and maintenance was JPY34,322 million, up 24.5% YoY.

Equipment sales revenues were JPY2,994 million, down 8.6% YoY (JPY3,275 million for FY2015) mainly due to the fluctuation in sales of devises such as mobile devices.

ATM operation business revenues were JPY4,050 million, up 4.1% YoY (JPY3,889 million for FY2015). As of March 31, 2017, 1,066 ATMs have been placed.

Cost and expense

Total cost of revenues was JPY132,542 million, up 14.3% YoY (JPY115,993 million for FY2015).

Cost of network services revenue was JPY76,387 million, up 18.9% YoY (JPY64,239 million for FY2015). There were an increase in outsourcing-related costs with our mobile infrastructure enhancement along with our mobile-related revenue increase, an increase in circuit-related costs along with our WAN services revenue increase, and an increase in network operation-related costs. Regarding NTT Docomo’s interconnectivity charge for MVNO-related services, the charge based on their FY2015 actual cost was revised in March 2017 and it decreased by 14% (excluding the cost for borrowing SIM cards which arrangement took place during FY2016) year over year. Our estimate of 12% decrease, which rate had been applied to our mobile interconnectivity cost calculation from 1Q16, ended up in line with our initial estimate together with the cost for borrowing SIM. Gross margin was JPY16,609 million, up 10.3% YoY and gross margin ratio was 17.9% compared to 19.0% in FY2015.

Cost of SI revenues was JPY50,992 million, up 10.3% YoY (JPY46,226 million for FY2015). There were an increase in outsourcing-related and personnel-related costs along with an increase of large-scale SI transactions and an increase in network operation-related costs mainly along with the launch of “IIJ GIO Infrastructure P2.” Gross margin was JPY6,756 million, down 15.2% YoY and gross margin ratio was 11.7% compared to 14.7% in FY2015. It was mainly due to profit deterioration resulted from low productivity of systems engineers and the delay in offering some functions of our ASP-type foreign exchange system, especially in 1H16.

Cost of equipment sales revenues was JPY2,735 million, down 7.9% YoY (JPY2,969 million for FY2015) along with the revenue decrease. Gross margin was JPY260 million (JPY306 million for FY2015) and gross margin ratio was 8.7% compared to 9.4% in FY2015.

Cost of ATM operation business revenues was JPY2,428 million, down 5.1% YoY (JPY2,559 million for FY2015). Gross margin was JPY1,622 million (JPY1,330 million for FY2015) and gross margin ratio was 40.1% compared to 34.2% in FY2015.

SG&A and R&D expenses

SG&A and R&D expenses in total were JPY20,113 million, up 8.6% YoY (JPY18,515 million for FY2015).

Sales and marketing expenses were JPY11,432 million, up 8.0% YoY (JPY10,589 million for FY2015) mainly due to increases in sales commission expenses of mobile-related services and advertising expenses.

General and administrative expenses were JPY8,215 million, up 10.0% YoY (JPY7,471 million for FY2015) mainly due to increases in office rent expenses.

Research and development expenses were JPY466 million, up 2.4% YoY (JPY455 million for FY2015).

Operating income

Operating income was JPY5,134 million, down 16.4% YoY (JPY6,140 million for FY2015).

Other income (expenses)

Other income (expenses) was an income of JPY293 million (an income of JPY53 million for FY2015), mainly because of net gain on sales of other investments of JPY217 million (JPY24 million for FY2015), distribution from fund investment of JPY321 million (included in other-net of JPY315 million, JPY209 million for FY2015), dividend income of JPY118 million from other investments (JPY93 million for FY2015), interest expense of JPY304 million (JPY241 million for FY2015) and foreign exchange losses of JPY45 million (JPY71 million for FY2015).

Income before income tax expenses

Income before income tax expenses was JPY5,427 million, down 12.4% YoY (JPY6,193 million for FY2015).

Net income

Income tax expense was JPY2,225 million (JPY2,183 million for FY2015).

Equity in net income of equity method investees was JPY130 million (JPY180 million for FY2015) mainly due to net income of Internet Multifeed Co.

As a result of the above, net income was JPY3,332 million, down 20.5% YoY (JPY4,190 million for FY2015).

Net income attributable to IIJ

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests was JPY165 million mainly related to net income of Trust Networks Inc. (JPY152 million for FY2015).

Net income attributable to IIJ was JPY3,167 million, down 21.6% YoY (JPY4,038 million for FY2015).

FY2016 Balance Sheets and Cash Flows

Balance sheets

As of March 31, 2017, the balance of total assets was JPY137,395 million, increased by JPY19,560 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY117,835 million.

As of March 31, 2017, the balance of current assets was JPY63,722 million, increased by JPY10,316 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY53,406 million. The major breakdown of current assets was an increase in accounts receivable by JPY3,637 million to JPY27,384 million, an increase in cash and cash equivalents by JPY2,389 million to JPY21,959 million, an increase in prepaid expenses by JPY2,841 million to JPY7,611 million and an increase in inventories by JPY794 million to JPY2,798 million. As of March 31, 2017, the balance of noncurrent assets was JPY73,673 million, increased by JPY9,244 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY64,429 million. The major breakdown of noncurrent assets was an increase in property and equipment by JPY5,451 million to JPY39,775 million, an increase in other investments by JPY1,976 million to JPY7,925 million mainly due to an increase in the fair value of available-for-sale securities and increase in prepaid expenses-noncurrent by JPY1,620 million to JPY6,607 million. Other investments as of March 31, 2017, consisted of JPY5,780 million in available-for-sale securities (including JPY5,464 million of strategic shareholdings), JPY1,124 million in nonmarketable equity securities and JPY1,021 million in investments in funds, including some through a trust. As of March 31, 2017, the balance of non-amortized intangible assets was JPY6,220 million, decreased by JPY82 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY6,302 million. The major breakdown of non-amortized intangible assets was JPY6,170 million in goodwill and a decrease by JPY81 million to JPY15 million in trademark. The balance of amortized intangible assets, which was customer relationships, was JPY3,036 million, decreased by JPY380 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY3,417 million.

As of March 31, 2017, the balance of current liabilities was JPY39,983 million, increased by JPY3,917 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY36,066 million. The major breakdown of current liabilities was an increase in accounts payable (trade and other) by JPY1,557 million to JPY16,962 million and an increase in capital lease obligations-current portion by JPY864 million to JPY4,819 million. As of March 31, 2017, the balance of noncurrent liabilities was JPY30,032 million, increased by JPY13,607 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY16,425 million. The major breakdown of noncurrent liabilities was an increase in long-term borrowings by JPY8,500 million to JPY8,500 million and an increase in capital lease obligations-noncurrent by JPY2,605 million to JPY10,385 million.

As of March 31, 2017, the balance of total IIJ shareholders’ equity was JPY66,742 million, increased by JPY1,897 million from the balance as of March 31, 2016 of JPY64,845 million. There were an increase in retained earnings by JPY2,041 million to JPY4,512 million, an increase in accumulated other comprehensive income by JPY1,303 million to JPY2,500 million mainly due to an increase the fair value of available-for-sale securities and an increase in treasury stock by JPY1,505 million to JPY1,897 million due to the repurchase of own shares, authorized at the meeting of IIJ’s Board of Directors held on November 4, 2016. IIJ shareholders’ equity ratio (total IIJ shareholders’ equity divided by total assets) as of March 31, 2017 was 48.6%.

Cash flows

Cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2017 were JPY21,959 million (JPY19,569 million as of March 31, 2016).

Net cash provided by operating activities for FY2016 was JPY7,368 million (net cash provided by operating activities of JPY12,052 million for FY2015.) There were net income of JPY3,332 million, depreciation and amortization of JPY10,894 million and net cash out flow of JPY7,026 million from changes in operating assets and liabilities. As for changes in operating assets and liabilities, there were an increase in accounts receivable mainly due to revenue growth, an increase in prepaid expenses (including prepaid expenses-noncurrent) and payments in relation to up front payment for software licenses and maintenance cost for service facilities.

Net cash used in investing activities for FY2016 was JPY7,376 million (net cash used in investing activities of JPY8,377 million for FY2015), mainly due to payments for purchase of property and equipment of JPY10,624 million (JPY10,899 million for FY2015) and proceeds from sales of property and equipment, which include sales and leaseback, of JPY3,046 million (JPY2,574 million for FY2015).

Net cash provided by financing activities for FY2016 was JPY2,492 million (net cash used in financing activities of JPY5,201 million for FY2015), mainly due to proceeds from long-term borrowings of JPY8,500 million, proceeds from financing in relation to procurement of software license of JPY1,498 million, principal payments under capital leases of JPY4,820 million (JPY4,194 million for FY2015), payments for purchase of treasury stock of JPY1,505 million and FY2015 year-end and FY2016 interim dividend payments of JPY1,126 million (JPY1,011 million for FY2015).

FY2017 Financial Targets

Our financial targets for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2018 (FY2017) are as follows:

(JPY in billions)
RevenuesOperating
Income
Income before Income
Tax Expense
Net Income
attributable to IIJ
1H FY2017 Target82.42.02.01.1
Full FY2017 Target176.06.56.54.0

With the continuous expansion of Japanese economy, Japanese enterprises’ ICT-related investment and spending should continuously grow during FY2017. Regarding consumer market in Japan, we expect the inexpensive SIM card services market to further penetrate. Based on these, we expect our operating income to improve with continuous expansion of revenue and gross margin.

We target total revenue of JPY176.0 billion, up 11.5% year over year. We expect both enterprise and consumer mobile services to further increase, cloud-related revenue to reach to JPY18.0 billion, revenue contribution from a large-scale local government’s information security cloud project and other monthly recurring revenue services such as Internet connectivity, outsourcing, WAN and systems operation and maintenance revenue to continuously accumulate.

We target operating income of JPY6.5 billion, up 26.6% year over year. While SG&A expenses such as sales commission, advertisement, and personnel related fees are to increase continuously, we expect network services gross margin continuous expansion and systems integration gross margin improvement, approximately 1 point increase from FY2016, should absorb such increase in SG&A and lead to an operating income increase.

We target income before income tax expense of JPY6.5 billion, up 19.8% year over year.

We target net income attributable to IIJ of JPY4.0 billion, up 26.3% year over year, considering taxes calculated by a normal statutory rate and income of equity method investees and non-controlling interests.

FY2017 Dividend Forecast

Our FY2017 dividend forecast is as follows:

InterimYear-endFull Year
FY2017 Dividend (forecast)JPY13.50 (forecast)JPY13.50 (forecast)JPY27.00 (forecast)
FY2016 Dividend (scheduled)JPY13.50 (paid)JPY13.50 (scheduled)JPY27.00 (scheduled)


FY2016 Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The following table summarizes the reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income attributable to IIJ in our consolidated statements of income that are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Adjusted EBITDA
FY2015FY2016
JPY millionsJPY millions
Adjusted EBITDA16,073 16,109
Depreciation and Amortization(9,922)(10,894)
Impairment loss on other intangible assets(11)(81)
Operating Income6,140 5,134
Other Income53 293
Income Tax Expense2,183 2,225
Equity in Net Income of Equity Method Investees180 130
Net income4,190 3,332
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(152)(165)
Net Income attributable to IIJ4,038 3,167


CAPEX
FY2015FY2016
JPY millionsJPY millions
CAPEX, including capital leases14,81216,531
Acquisition of Assets by Entering into Capital Leases6,1188,302
Purchase of Property and Equipment8,6948,229

Presentation

Presentation materials will be posted on our web site (http://www.iij.ad.jp/en/ir/) on May 15, 2017.

About Internet Initiative Japan Inc.

Founded in 1992, IIJ is one of Japan's leading Internet-access and comprehensive network solutions providers. IIJ and its group companies provide total network solutions that mainly cater to high-end corporate customers. IIJ's services include high-quality Internet connectivity services, systems integration, cloud computing services, security services and mobile services. Moreover, IIJ has built one of the largest Internet backbone networks in Japan that is connected to the United States, the United Kingdom and Asia. IIJ listed on the U.S. NASDAQ Stock Market in 1999 and on the First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange in 2006.

Statements made in this press release regarding IIJ’s or management’s intentions, beliefs, expectations, or predictions for the future are forward-looking statements that are based on IIJ’s and managements’ current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about its business and the industry. These forward-looking statements, such as statements regarding FY2016 revenues and operating and net profitability, are subject to various risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause IIJ’s actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. These risks, uncertainties and other factors include: IIJ’s ability to maintain and increase revenues from higher-margin services such as systems integration and outsourcing services; the possibility that revenues from connectivity services may decline substantially as a result of competition and other factors; the ability to compete in a rapidly evolving and competitive marketplace; the impact on IIJ's profits of fluctuations in costs such as backbone costs and subcontractor costs; the impact on IIJ's profits of fluctuations in the price of available-for-sale securities; the impact of technological changes in its industry; IIJ’s ability to raise additional capital to cover its indebtedness; the possibility that NTT, IIJ’s largest shareholder, may decide to exercise substantial influence over IIJ; and other risks referred to from time to time in IIJ’s filings on Form 20-F of its annual report and other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(As of March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
As of March 31, 2016 As of March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents19,569,095 21,958,591
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of JPY 74,229 thousand and JPY 107,684 thousand at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively23,746,683 27,383,692
Inventories2,003,573 2,798,054
Prepaid expenses—current4,769,988 7,610,925
Deferred tax assets—current1,481,651 1,298,469
Other current assets, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of JPY 15,693 thousand and JPY 15,192 thousand at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively1,834,951 2,672,008
Total current assets53,405,941 63,721,739
INVESTMENTS IN EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES2,979,652 3,150,175
OTHER INVESTMENTS5,948,741 7,924,914
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of JPY 45,345,543 thousand and JPY 50,566,983 thousand at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively34,324,150 39,775,444
GOODWILL6,169,609 6,169,609
OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS—Net3,549,459 3,087,017
GUARANTEE DEPOSITS3,084,681 3,060,365
DEFERRED TAX ASSETS—Noncurrent224,316 80,566
NET INVESTMENT IN SALES-TYPE LEASES—Noncurrent2,444,848 2,047,682
Prepaid expenses—Noncurrent4,987,193 6,607,437
OTHER ASSETS, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of JPY 61,593 thousand and JPY 61,877 thousand at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively716,314 1,770,201
TOTAL117,834,904 137,395,149
As of March 31, 2016 As of March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Short-term borrowings9,250,000 9,250,000
Capital lease obligations—current portion3,954,386 4,818,723
Accounts payable—trade13,906,703 14,653,065
Accounts payable—other1,497,767 2,308,790
Income taxes payable1,078,412 1,075,745
Accrued expenses2,932,653 2,755,581
Deferred income—current2,528,885 3,750,542
Other current liabilities917,300 1,370,661
Total current liabilities36,066,106 39,983,107
LONG-TERM BORROWINGS- 8,500,000
CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS—Noncurrent7,779,367 10,384,643
ACCRUED RETIREMENT AND PENSION COSTS—Noncurrent3,581,426 3,532,965
DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES—Noncurrent710,055 963,845
DEFERRED INCOME—Noncurrent3,092,562 3,656,612
OTHER NONCURRENT LIABILITIES1,261,413 2,993,777
Total Liabilities52,490,929 70,014,949
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
Common-stock—authorized, 75,520,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 46,711,400 shares at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively25,509,499 25,509,499
Additional paid-in capital36,059,833 36,117,511
Retained earnings2,471,276 4,511,945
Accumulated other comprehensive income1,196,669 2,499,700
Treasury stock —758,709 shares and 1,650,909 shares held by the company at March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017, respectively(392,070) (1,896,784)
Total Internet Initiative Japan Inc. shareholders' equity64,845,207 66,741,871
NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS498,768 638,329
Total equity65,343,975 67,380,200
TOTAL117,834,904 137,395,149

Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income and
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
(For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
Fiscal Year Ended Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
REVENUES:
Network services:
Internet connectivity services (enterprise)17,597,343 22,633,739
Internet connectivity services (consumer)15,255,596 21,734,968
WAN services25,176,730 26,459,697
Outsourcing services21,265,895 22,167,432
Total79,295,564 92,995,836
Systems integration:
Systems construction21,144,677 22,625,753
Systems operation and maintenance33,043,669 35,122,940
Total54,188,346 57,748,693
Equipment sales3,275,220 2,994,449
ATM operation business3,888,878 4,050,081
Total revenues140,648,008 157,789,059
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Cost of network services64,239,600 76,386,849
Cost of systems integration46,225,629 50,992,480
Cost of equipment sales2,968,711 2,735,169
Cost of ATM operation business2,558,883 2,427,870
Total costs115,992,823 132,542,368
Sales and marketing10,588,887 11,431,467
General and administrative7,470,746 8,214,598
Research and development455,198 466,319
Total costs and expenses134,507,654 152,654,752
OPERATING INCOME6,140,354 5,134,307
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):
Dividend income93,054 117,567
Interest income27,587 35,259
Interest expense(241,057) (303,685)
Foreign exchange gain (loss), net(71,270) (45,116)
Net gain on sales of other investments23,765 216,646
Loss on sales of stocks of an affiliate- (12,070)
Impairment of other investments(14,729) (30,554)
Other —net235,630 314,806
Other income —net52,980 292,853
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE AND EQUITY IN NET INCOME OF EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES6,193,334 5,427,160
INCOME TAX EXPENSE 2,183,531 2,224,880
EQUITY IN NET INCOME OF EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES180,219 129,791
NET INCOME4,190,022 3,332,071
LESS: NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS(151,740) (165,561)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO INTERNET INITIATIVE JAPAN INC.4,038,282 3,166,510
Fiscal Year Ended Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
NET INCOME PER SHARE
BASIC WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (shares)45,950,098 45,652,981
DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (shares)46,043,383 45,772,470
BASIC WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF ADS EQUIVALENTS (ADSs)91,900,196 91,305,962
DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF ADS EQUIVALENTS (ADSs)92,086,766 91,544,940
BASIC NET INCOME PER SHARE (JPY)87.88 69.36
DILUTED NET INCOME PER SHARE (JPY)87.71 69.18
BASIC NET INCOME PER ADS EQUIVALENT (JPY)43.94 34.68
DILUTED NET INCOME PER ADS EQUIVALENT (JPY)43.85 34.59
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Fiscal Year Ended Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
NET INCOME4,190,022 3,332,071
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), NET OF TAX:
Foreign currency translation adjustments(67,652) (181,110)
Unrealized holding gain (loss) on securities(275,952) 1,280,095
Defined benefit pension plans(394,418) 204,046
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 3,452,000 4,635,102
LESS: COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS(155,698) (165,561)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO INTERNET INITIATIVE JAPAN INC.3,296,302 4,469,541

Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity (Unaudited)
(For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
Total
equity
Internet Initiative Japan Inc. shareholders' equityNON CONTROLLING
INTERESTS
Retained earnings
(Accumulated deficit)
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
Shares of
common
stock
outstanding
Common
stock
Treasury
stock
Additional
paid-in
capital
Thousands
of JPY
Thousands
of JPY
Thousands
of JPY
SharesThousands
of JPY
Thousands
of JPY
Thousands
of JPY
Thousands
of JPY
BALANCE, MARCH 31, 201562,843,780 (556,162)1,938,649 46,701,00025,499,857(392,070)36,014,128 339,378
Subsidiary stock issuance3,692 3,692
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options10 10,4009,642 (9,632)
Stock-based compensation55,337 55,337
Net Income4,190,022 4,038,282 151,740
Other Comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(738,022) (741,980) 3,958
Dividends paid(1,010,844)(1,010,844)
BALANCE, MARCH 31, 201665,343,975 2,471,276 1,196,669 46,711,40025,509,499(392,070)36,059,833 498,768
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests(26,000) (26,000)
Stock-based compensation57,678 57,678
Net Income3,332,071 3,166,510 165,561
Other Comprehensive income (loss), net of tax1,303,031 1,303,031
Dividends paid(1,125,841)(1,125,841)
Payments for purchase of treasury stock(1,504,714) (1,504,714)
BALANCE, MARCH 31, 201767,380,200 4,511,945 2,499,700 46,711,40025,509,499(1,896,784)36,117,511 638,329

Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
Fiscal Year Ended Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income4,190,022 3,332,071
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization9,921,555 10,893,657
Impairment loss on other intangible assets11,000 81,000
Provision for retirement and pension costs, less payments200,871 252,825
Provision for allowance for doubtful accounts48,407 68,300
Gain on sales of property and equipment(38,219) (31,809)
Loss on disposal of property and equipment66,169 170,971
Net gain on sales of other investments(23,765) (216,646)
Impairment of other investments14,729 30,554
Loss on sales of stocks of an affiliate- 12,070
Foreign exchange loss (gain), net(51,727) 18,152
Equity in net income of equity method investees, less dividends received(124,141) (78,709)
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)249,115 (94,343)
Others(12,341) (44,667)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable(1,565,857) (3,751,392)
Decrease in net investment in sales-type lease — noncurrent98,511 492,530
Increase in inventories(777,192) (800,296)
Increase in prepaid expenses(1,083,665) (2,859,763)
Increase in other current and noncurrent assets(1,485,629) (3,317,968)
Increase in accounts payable1,760,207 827,792
Increase (decrease) in income taxes payable579,414 (2,621)
Decrease in accrued expenses(32,288) (167,597)
Increase in deferred income—current418,162 1,257,870
Increase in deferred income—noncurrent201,897 604,269
Increase (decrease) in other current and noncurrent liabilities(513,647) 691,442
Net cash provided by operating activities12,051,588 7,367,692
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchase of property and equipment(10,898,533) (10,623,993)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment2,574,449 3,046,189
Purchase of available-for-sale securities(59,490) -
Purchase of other investments(376,067) (410,587)
Investment in an equity method investee(338,166) (99,000)
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities141,235 -
Proceeds from sales of other investments808,465 539,389
Payments of guarantee deposits(348,005) (50,345)
Refund of guarantee deposits21,567 92,002
Payments for refundable insurance policies(56,362) (56,476)
Refund from insurance policies10,108 -
Proceeds from subsidies200,000 200,000
Other(56,029) (13,000)
Net cash used in investing activities(8,376,828) (7,375,821)
Fiscal Year Ended Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Proceeds from issuance of short-term borrowings with initial maturities over three months and long-term borrowings1,550,000 8,550,000
Repayments of short-term borrowings with initial maturities over three months(1,550,000) (50,000)
Principal payments under capital leases(4,194,215) (4,819,530)
Proceeds from other noncurrent liabilities- 1,498,306
Repayments of other noncurrent liabilities- (30,122)
Proceeds from issuance of subsidiaries stock to noncontrolling interests3,692 -
Payments for purchase of treasury stock- (1,504,714)
Dividends paid(1,010,844) (1,125,841)
Other10 (26,000)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(5,201,357) 2,492,099
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS2,059 (94,474)
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(1,524,538) 2,389,496
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD21,093,633 19,569,095
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF THE PERIOD19,569,095 21,958,591
ADDITIONAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Interest paid241,260 302,035
Income taxes paid1,377,753 2,462,106
NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Acquisition of assets by entering into capital leases8,065,674 8,301,695
Facilities purchase liabilities1,497,767 2,308,790
Asset retirement obligation45,169 31,980

Fourth Quarter FY2016 Consolidated Financial Results (3 months)

The following tables are highlight data of fourth quarter FY2016 (3 months) consolidated financial results (unaudited, for the three months ended March 31, 2017).

Operating Results Summary
4Q154Q16YoY %
Change
JPY millionsJPY millions
Total Revenues:41,26644,1877.1
Network Services21,08024,51516.3
Systems Integration (SI)18,26717,891(2.1)
Equipment Sales910787(13.6)
ATM Operation Business1,009994(1.4)
Cost of Revenues:34,40536,7706.9
Network Services17,16120,11317.2
Systems Integration (SI)15,77115,348(2.7)
Equipment Sales844711(15.7)
ATM Operation Business629598(4.9)
SG&A Expenses and R&D4,7945,438(13.4)
Operating Income2,0671,979(4.3)
Income before Income Tax Expense2,0161,994(1.1)
Net Income attributable to IIJ1,4651,256(14.3)


Network Service Revenue Breakdown
4Q154Q16YoY %
Change
JPY millionsJPY millions
Internet Connectivity Service (Enterprise)4,7276,17330.6
IP Service*12,4532,438(0.6)
IIJ FiberAccess/F and IIJ DSL/F768763(0.6)
IIJ Mobile Service1,4402,915(102.4)
IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service*27802,083167.2
Others6657(14.3)
Internet Connectivity Service (Consumer)4,5485,83228.2
IIJ3,9525,34435.2
IIJmio Mobile Service*33,4064,67237.2
hi-ho596488(18.2)
WAN Services6,3506,6124.1
Outsourcing Services5,4555,8998.1
Network Services Revenues21,08024,51516.3
*1 IP service revenues include revenues from the data center connectivity service.
*2 From 1Q16, the revenue from “IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service”, which is included in “IIJ Mobile service (Enterprise), ” is disclosed. “IIJ Mobile MVNO Platform Service” provides MVNO platform to our MVNE clients.
*3 From 1Q16, the revenue from “IIJmio Mobile Service” (formerly known as ”IIJmio High Speed Mobile Service” until September 30, 2016), which is included in “Internet connectivity services (Consumer)” provided by IIJ, is disclosed.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures (4th Quarter FY2016 (3 months))

The following table summarizes the reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income in our consolidated statements of income that are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Adjusted EBITDA
4Q154Q16
JPY millionsJPY millions
Adjusted EBITDA4,706 4,948
Depreciation and Amortization(2,628)(2,888)
Impairment loss on other intangible assets(11)(81)
Operating Income2,067 1,979
Other Income (51)15
Income Tax Expense 487 759
Equity in Net Income of Equity Method Investees(27)61
Net income1,502 1,296
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(37)(39)
Net Income attributable to IIJ1,465 1,257

The following table summarizes the reconciliation of capital expenditures to the purchase of property and equipment in our consolidated statements of cash flows that are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

CAPEX
4Q154Q16
JPY millionsJPY millions
CAPEX, including capital leases2,6014,273
Acquisition of Assets by Entering into Capital Leases2,3612,459
Purchase of Property and Equipment2401,814


Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Quarterly Consolidated Statements of Income and
Quarterly Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
(Three Months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
REVENUES:
Network services:
Internet connectivity services (enterprise)4,726,723 6,172,534
Internet connectivity services (consumer)4,547,691 5,832,016
WAN services6,350,368 6,611,961
Outsourcing services5,455,425 5,898,789
Total21,080,207 24,515,300
Systems integration:
Systems construction9,597,461 8,652,946
Systems operation and maintenance8,669,512 9,237,719
Total18,266,973 17,890,665
Equipment sales910,525 786,800
ATM operation business1,008,732 994,342
Total revenues41,266,437 44,187,107
COST AND EXPENSES:
Cost of network services17,161,110 20,113,321
Cost of systems integration15,771,218 15,348,322
Cost of equipment sales843,626 710,907
Cost of ATM operation business628,697 597,775
Total costs34,404,651 36,770,325
Sales and marketing2,746,697 3,039,453
General and administrative1,938,658 2,286,433
Research and development109,320 111,908
Total costs and expenses39,199,326 42,208,119
OPERATING INCOME2,067,111 1,978,988
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):
Dividend income4,806 11,231
Interest income12,216 8,478
Interest expense(70,295) (85,481)
Foreign exchange gain (loss), net(59,997) (22,044)
Net gain on sales of other investments- 2,708
Loss on sales of stocks of an affiliate- (12,070)
Impairment of other investments(14,729) -
Other—net76,582 112,320
Other income —net(51,417) 15,142
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE AND EQUITY IN NET INCOME OF EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES2,015,694 1,994,130
INCOME TAX EXPENSE486,595 759,028
EQUITY IN NET INCOME OF EQUITY METHOD INVESTEES(26,604) 60,547
NET INCOME1,502,495 1,295,649
LESS: NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS(37,036) (39,400)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO INTERNET INITIATIVE JAPAN INC.1,465,459 1,256,249
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
NET INCOME PER SHARE
BASIC WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (shares)45,952,691 45,060,491
DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (shares)46,053,964 45,192,000
BASIC WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF ADS EQUIVALENTS (ADSs)91,905,382 90,120,982
DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF ADS EQUIVALENTS (ADSs)92,107,928 90,384,000
BASIC NET INCOME PER SHARE (JPY)31.89 27.88
DILUTED NET INCOME PER SHARE (JPY)31.82 27.80
BASIC NET INCOME PER ADS EQUIVALENT (JPY)15.95 13.94
DILUTED NET INCOME PER ADS EQUIVALENT (JPY)15.91 13.90
Quarterly Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
NET INCOME1,502,495 1,295,649
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), NET OF TAX:
Foreign currency translation adjustments6,892 274,048
Unrealized holding gain (loss) on securities(190,829) 359,360
Defined benefit pension plans(393,172) 193,168
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 925,386 2,122,225
LESS: COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS(37,036) (39,400)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO INTERNET INITIATIVE JAPAN INC.888,350 2,082,825

Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(Three Months ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017)
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income1,502,495 1,295,649
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization2,627,787 2,887,608
Impairment loss on other intangible assets11,000 81,000
Provision for retirement and pension costs, less payments59,257 63,902
Provision for allowance for doubtful accounts21,715 48,311
Gain on sales of property and equipment(247) (16,399)
Loss on disposal of property and equipment28,824 116,490
Net gain on sales of other investments- (2,708)
Impairment of other investments14,729 -
Loss on sales of stocks of an affiliate- 12,070
Foreign exchange loss (gain), net(27,609) 18,429
Equity in net income of equity method investees, less dividends received34,172 (60,547)
Deferred income tax expense(59,126) (444,078)
Other368 7,049
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable(3,551,160) (3,687,105)
Decrease in net investment in sales-type lease — noncurrent115,610 92,140
Decrease in inventories728,773 786,260
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses607,225 (405,326)
Decrease (increase) in other current and noncurrent assets(188,304) 1,216,437
Increase in accounts payable1,925,649 667,465
Increase in income taxes payable568,914 764,551
Decrease in accrued expenses(261,171) (186,236)
Increase in deferred income—current12,951 1,117,832
Increase in deferred income—noncurrent377,286 302,112
Decrease in other current and noncurrent liabilities(308,707) (1,714,893)
Net cash provided by operating activities4,240,431 2,960,013
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchase of property and equipment(2,444,362) (2,683,903)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment1,481,371 827,010
Purchase of other investments(102,381) (94,416)
Investment in an equity method investee(298,192) -
Proceeds from sales of other investments4,229 5,140
Payments of guarantee deposits(326,873) (33,243)
Refund of guarantee deposits12,527 4,298
Payments for refundable insurance policies(14,090) (14,091)
Other(55,351) 2,000
Net cash used in investing activities(1,743,122) (1,987,205)
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended
March 31, 2016 March 31, 2017
Thousands of
JPY
Thousands of
JPY
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Principal payments under capital leases(1,154,338) (1,284,643)
Proceeds from other noncurrent liabilities- 1,498,306
Repayments of other noncurrent liabilities- (30,122)
Payments for purchase of treasury stock- (522,607)
Net cash used in financing activities(1,154,338) (339,066)
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(7,614) 58,631
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS1,335,357 692,373
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD18,233,738 21,266,218
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF THE PERIOD19,569,095 21,958,591

Note: The following information is provided to disclose Internet Initiative Japan Inc. ("IIJ") financial results (unaudited) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 (“FY2016”) in the form defined by the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

Consolidated Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2017
[Under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP")]

May 15, 2017

Company name: Internet Initiative Japan Inc.
Exchange listed: Tokyo Stock Exchange First Section
Stock code number: 3774
URL: http://www.iij.ad.jp/
Representative: Eijiro Katsu, President and Representative Director
Contact: Akihisa Watai, Managing Director and CFO
TEL: (03) 5205-6500
Scheduled date for annual general shareholder’s meeting: June 28, 2017
Scheduled date for dividend payment: June 29, 2017
Scheduled date for filing of annual report (Yuka-shoken-houkokusho) to Japan’s regulatory organization: June 30, 2017
Supplemental material on annual results: Yes
Presentation on quarterly report: Yes (for institutional investors and analysts)

(Amounts of less than JPY one million are rounded)

1. Consolidated Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2017
(April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017)

(1) Consolidated Results of Operations (% shown is YoY change)
Total revenuesOperating incomeIncome before
income tax expense
Net income
attributable to IIJ
JPY millions%JPY millions%JPY millions%JPY millions%
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2017157,78912.25,134(16.4)5,427(12.4)3,167(21.6)
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2016140,64814.36,14021.0 6,19320.5 4,03821.6

(Note1) Total comprehensive income attributable to IIJ
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2017: JPY4,470 million (up 35.6% YoY)
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2016: JPY3,296 million (down 7.1% YoY)
(Note2) Income before income tax expense represents income from operations before income tax expense and equity in net income in equity method investees, respectively, in IIJ's consolidated financial statements.

Basic net income
attributable to IIJ
per share
Diluted net income
attributable to IIJ
per share
Net income
attributable to IIJ
to total
shareholders'
equity
Income before
income tax
expense to total
assets
Total revenues
operating margin
ratio
JPYJPY%%%
Fiscal year ended March 31, 201769.3669.184.84.33.3
Fiscal year ended March 31, 201687.8887.716.35.54.4

(Reference) Equity in net income of equity method investees
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2017: JPY130 million
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2016: JPY180 million

(2) Consolidated Financial Position
Total assetsTotal equityTotal IIJ shareholders' equityTotal IIJ shareholders' equity to total assetsTotal IIJ shareholders’ equity per share
JPY millionsJPY millionsJPY millions%
As of March 31, 2017137,39567,38066,74248.61,481.16
As of March 31, 2016117,83565,34464,84555.01,411.13


(3) Consolidated Cash Flow
Operating activitiesInvesting activitiesFinancing activitiesCash and cash equivalents (end of the period)
JPY millionsJPY millionsJPY millionsJPY millions
Fiscal year ended March 31, 20177,368(7,376)2,492 21,959
Fiscal year ended March 31, 201612,052(8,377)(5,201)19,569

2. Dividends

Dividend per SharesTotal cash
dividends
for the year
Payout
Ratio
(consolidated)
Ratio of
Dividends to
Shareholder's Equity
(consolidated)
1Q-end2Q-end3Q-endYear-endTotal
JPYJPYJPYJPYJPYJPY millions%%
Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2016-11.00-11.0022.001,01125.01.6
Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2017-13.50-13.5027.001,22938.91.9
Fiscal Year Ending March 31, 2018 (forecast)-13.50-13.5027.00 30.4

(Note) Change from the latest released dividend forecasts: No.

3. Target of Consolidated Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31, 2018

(April 1, 2017 through March 31, 2018) (% shown is YoY change)
Total
Revenues
Operating

Income
Income before Income Tax
Expense (Benefit)
Net Income attributable to IIJBasic Net Income attributable to IIJ per Share
JPY millions%JPY millions%JPY millions%JPY millions%JPY
Interim Period Ending September 30, 201782,40011.22,0002.72,000(5.0)1,100(0.7)24.41
Fiscal Year Ending March 31, 2018176,00011.56,50026.66,50019.8 4,00026.3 88.77

(Note1) Changes from the latest forecasts released: No

* Notes

  1. Changes in significant subsidiaries for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017
    (Changes in significant subsidiaries for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 which resulted in changes in scope of consolidation): None
  2. Changes in significant accounting and reporting policies for the consolidated financial statements
    1) Changes due to the revision of accounting standards: No
    2) Others: No
  3. Number of shares outstanding (shares of common stock)
    1) The number of shares outstanding (inclusive of treasury stock):
    As of March 31, 2017: 46,711,400 shares
    As of March 31, 2016: 46,711,400 shares
    2) The number of treasury stock:
    As of March 31, 2017: 1,650,909 shares
    As of March 31, 2016: 758,709 shares
    3) The weighted average number of shares outstanding:
    For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017: 45,652,981 shares
    For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016: 45,950,098 shares

[English Translation]

May 15, 2017

Company name: Internet Initiative Japan Inc.

Company representative: Eijiro Katsu, President and Representative Director
(Stock Code Number: 3774 The First Section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange)

Contact: Akihisa Watai, Managing Director and CFO
TEL: 81-3-5205-6500

Information Pertaining to Our Largest Shareholder

1. About Our Largest Shareholder (As of March 31, 2017)

NameRelationshipIts Ownership Percentage (%)Securities Exchanges
where its Shares are Listed (*)
Direct ownershipIndirect ownershipTotal
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation
(“NTT”)
IIJ is NTT's affiliate company22.44.526.9Tokyo Stock Exchange (First Section)
New York Stock Exchange
* NTT delisted its American Depositary Receipts from the New York Stock Exchange as of April 3, 2017, as announced.

2. Position of the Listed Company (IIJ) within NTT Group and other relationships

The ownership percentage by NTT, which is IIJ's largest shareholder, was 26.9% as of March 31, 2017, including its indirect ownership. However, IIJ's business activities are not affected by NTT's ownership in IIJ and IIJ is maintaining its management independence.

3. Business Relationship with NTT Group

IIJ uses services provided by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone East Corporation and Nippon Telegraph and Telephone West Corporation for a significant portion of IIJ’s access circuits, services provided by NTT Communications Corporation for a significant portion of IIJ’s domestic and international backbone circuits, and services provided by NTT DOCOMO, INC for a significant portion of IIJ’s mobile infrastructure, to provide Internet connectivity and other services to IIJ’s customers. IIJ also leases a part of Internet data center facilities from NTT Group companies to provide Internet data center services. The aggregate amount paid to for these services was JPY23,005 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

4. Policy Concerning Measures to Protect Minority Shareholders in Transactions with NTT Group

Business transactions with the NTT Group are within the scope of normal business practices and there is no special contract made in relation to the investment by NTT Group.

Internet Initiative Japan Inc. E-mail: ir@iij.ad.jp Tel: +81-3-5205-6500 URL: http://www.iij.ad.jp/en/ir For inquiries, contact: IIJ Investor Relations Tel: +81-3-5205-6500 E-mail: ir@iij.ad.jp URL: http://www.iij.ad.jp/en/ir

Source:Internet Initiative Japan Inc.