* Oil prices in H1 have fallen the most since 1997
* Analysts doubt OPEC's ability to tighten the market
* Rising U.S. output undermines OPEC-led efforts to cut (Adds comment, updates prices)
SINGAPORE, June 23 (Reuters) - Oil edged up on Friday, recovering some of the steep falls earlier in the week, but crude is still set for the worst first-half decline in two decades despite ongoing production cuts.
Brent crude futures were at $45.39 per barrel at 0501 GMT, up 17 cents, or 0.4 percent, from their last close.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were up 17 cents, or 0.4 percent, at $42.91 per barrel.
Oil prices have fallen about 20 percent this year despite an effort led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to cut production by 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) that has been in place since January.
That's the worst first-half performance for crude oil since 1997, when rising output and the Asian financial crisis led to sharp price falls.
The weak markets are a result of doubts over OPEC's ability to rein in a fuel supply overhang that has dogged markets since 2014 as production has largely outpaced consumption.
"Markets remain sceptical of OPEC's ability to balance supplies," ANZ bank said on Friday.
At the heart of the glut is that recent efforts to reduce production from the traditional suppliers of OPEC and Russia has been met by soaring output from the United States.
Thanks largely to shale drillers, U.S. oil production <C-OUT-T-EIA> has risen by more than 10 percent over the last year to 9.35 million bpd, close to the level of top exporter Saudi Arabia.
Excess production has left storage tanks around the world bloated.
"Inventories through April are up 80m (million barrels) since the beginning of the year, raising market concerns about the efficacy of OPEC market management," U.S. investment bank Jefferies said.
"We remain of the view that inventories will draw by 1.5 million bpd in the second half (of 2017), but empirical evidence of this is likely necessary for oil prices to inflect into an upward trend," it added.
(Reporting by Henning Gloystein; Editing by Richard Pullin and Christian Schmollinger)