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UPDATE 1-Citigroup boosts buybacks, dividends beyond Wall St expectations

(Adds comparison of payout with expected profits, Wall Street estimates, executive comment)

NEW YORK, June 28 (Reuters) - Citigroup Inc has been granted permission to return nearly $19 billion of capital to shareholders after passing a tough regulatory test, a long-awaited victory for investors and Chief Executive Officer Michael Corbat.

Citigroup, the fourth-largest U.S. bank by assets, on Wednesday said it plans to repurchase up to $15.6 billion of common stock over the next year and double its quarterly dividend to 32 cents per share, bringing total payouts to $18.9 billion.

The total payout is 54 percent more than the Fed allowed last year and is about 1.25 times the profits that analysts expect Citigroup to earn over the next four quarters. Analysts had expected Citigroup would win the right to increase payouts to roughly 1.12 percent of annual profits.

Citigroup announced the details after the U.S. Federal Reserve said that the 34 biggest U.S. banks had passed the second component of its annual stress test, and would therefore be able to put capital to work in ways other than fortifying their balance sheets.

This year's test was an especially crucial rite of passage for Citi, whose shareholders have been keen to see management buy back shares that had been underperforming rivals.

Citigroup shares were up 2.3 percent in after-hours trading at $66.68, compared with a stated net worth of $65.94 per share as of March 31.

"For some time, we have retained a significant amount of capital in excess of what is needed to prudently operate and invest in the firm," Corbat said in a statement. Now, he said, the bank can begin "returning a higher level of that capital to our shareholders and improving Citis overall returns." (Reporting by David Henry in New York; Editing by Lauren Tara LaCapra and Leslie Adler)