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American Railcar Industries, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2017 Results

Second Quarter 2017 Highlights

  • Quarterly revenue of $109.0 million
  • Quarterly net earnings of $10.9 million, or $0.57 per share
  • Quarterly adjusted EBITDA of $37.0 million, or 34.0% of revenue
  • Lease fleet reaches 12,414 railcars as of June 30, 2017 vs. 10,641 railcars as of June 30, 2016, with 545 railcars added during the second quarter
  • Current liquidity of $302.8 million, including $200.0 million available under revolving credit facility

ST. CHARLES, Mo., Aug. 01, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- American Railcar Industries, Inc. (ARI or the Company) (NASDAQ:ARII) today reported its second quarter 2017 financial results. Jeff Hollister, President and CEO of ARI, commented, "As announced in our press release in early June, we began managing our railcar leasing business in-house upon completion of the sale of our previous lease fleet manager, American Railcar Leasing (ARL). As a result, we have added personnel to increase our sales force and to support managing our lease fleet, and we feel we have a strong team in place. This group is comprised of numerous key employees including existing ARI employees, former ARL employees, and others who have joined us from elsewhere in the industry. The commercial team is led by John O'Bryan, our Chief Commercial Officer. Managing our lease fleet in-house enhances our ability to serve our customers with a complete suite of products and services to support all of their needs. Our balanced sales and lease strategy across a broad group of customers and railcar types is complemented by our strong core manufacturing business and repair services network, which together allow us to better position ourselves in the current challenging railcar market.

Shipments for the second quarter of 2017 were 1,076 railcars, which represent an increase of 5.8% when compared to the same period of 2016. Furthermore, we have received orders for 798 railcars during the second quarter of 2017, bringing total orders to 1,672 railcars for the first six months of 2017. This total compares to orders for 1,568 railcars for the full year of 2016. While industry orders during the second quarter of 2017 were reported at their highest level since the second quarter of 2015, we still see softness in the tank railcar market. There are consistent levels of interest in certain hopper railcar types, but these opportunities have been and continue to be competitive. We feel we are strategically positioned with our vertically integrated business model to capitalize on limited opportunities that arise as we work with customers operating within the hopper and tank railcar markets."

Second Quarter Revenue Summary

Total consolidated revenues were $109.0 million for the second quarter of 2017, a decrease of 28% when compared to $150.5 million for the same period in 2016. This decrease was due to decreased revenues in the manufacturing segment, partially offset by slightly increased revenues in the railcar leasing and railcar services segments.

Manufacturing revenues were $55.1 million for the second quarter of 2017, a decrease of 44% compared to $97.5 million for the same period in 2016. This decrease was primarily driven by fewer railcar shipments for direct sale as more than half of our railcar shipments were for lease during the second quarter of 2017. Furthermore, the Company experienced a more competitive pricing environment during the second quarter of 2017 compared to the same period in 2016.

During the second quarter of 2017, ARI shipped 531 railcars for direct sale and 545 railcars for lease compared to 932 railcars for direct sale and 85 railcars for lease during the same period in 2016. Railcars built for the lease fleet represented 51% of ARI’s railcar shipments during the second quarter of 2017 compared to 8% for the same period in 2016. This quarterly rate is high relative to our historical average, but it is consistent with our strategy to continue to invest in and grow our lease fleet as demand dictates in certain railcar types. Shipments and orders for railcars on long-term leases not only help us to maintain a steady level of production during the manufacturing period, but also provide a steady stream of future cash flows. Because revenues and earnings related to leased railcars are recognized over the life of the lease, our quarterly results may vary depending on the mix of lease versus direct sale railcars that we ship during a given period.

Manufacturing revenues for the second quarter of 2017, on a consolidated basis, exclude $54.6 million of revenues related to railcars built for the Company's lease fleet compared to $9.3 million for the same period in 2016. Revenues related to railcars built for the Company's lease fleet increased due to a higher volume of railcars shipped for lease. Such revenues are based on an estimated fair market value of the leased railcars as if they had been sold to a third party, and are not recognized in consolidated revenues as railcar sales. Rather, lease revenues are recognized in accordance with the terms of the contract over the life of the lease.

Railcar leasing revenues were $33.7 million for the second quarter of 2017, an increase of 2% over the $33.2 million for the comparable period in 2016. The primary reason for the increase in revenue was an increase in the number of railcars on lease, partially offset by a decline in weighted average lease rates. ARI had 12,414 railcars in its lease fleet as of June 30, 2017 compared to 10,641 railcars as of June 30, 2016.

Railcar services revenues were $20.2 million for the second quarter of 2017, an increase of 2% compared to $19.7 million for the same period in 2016. The primary reasons for the increase in revenue were due to increased demand and additional capacity from our mobile repair operations, partially offset by decreased demand for tank railcar qualifications and tank railcar exterior paint and interior linings. Our tank railcar manufacturing facility provides us the flexibility not only to produce new railcars, but also to perform repair and retrofit services in a production line set-up offering another option for us to meet our customers' repair needs. This additional flexibility allowed us to complete certain repair projects at our tank railcar manufacturing facility during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 that were performed to a lesser extent during the comparable periods of 2016. We also saw increased intercompany repair work for our growing lease fleet.

Consolidated earnings from operations were $22.2 million for the second quarter of 2017, a decrease of 38% from the $36.0 million for the same period in 2016. Consolidated operating margins decreased to 20.3% for the second quarter of 2017 compared to 23.9% for the same period in 2016. These decreases were primarily driven by lower earnings from operations in the Company's manufacturing segment combined with slightly lower earnings from operations in the railcar leasing segment and higher selling, general and administrative costs.

Manufacturing earnings from operations were $2.5 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared to earnings of $14.4 million for the same period in 2016. The decrease was primarily a result of fewer overall direct sale shipments, as discussed above, more competitive pricing on both hopper and tank railcars, and higher costs associated with lower production volumes. Profit on railcars built for the Company’s lease fleet was $4.8 million and $1.1 million for the second quarter of 2017 and 2016, respectively, and is excluded from manufacturing earnings from operations. Profit on railcars built for the Company's lease fleet is based on an estimated fair market value of revenues as if the railcars had been sold to a third party, less the cost to manufacture. Partially offsetting this decrease was a reduction of the loss contingency established in response to the FRA Revised Directive, as discussed further in our SEC filings.

Railcar leasing earnings from operations were $21.6 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared to $22.9 million for the same period in 2016. This decrease was primarily due to increased maintenance costs associated with our growing lease fleet and certain railcars reassigned to other lessees and lower lease rates on certain renewals.

Railcar services earnings from operations were $3.0 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared to $3.1 million for the same period in 2016. This decrease was primarily due to an unfavorable mix of work, partially offset by an increase in demand for our mobile repair services.

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $9.0 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared to $7.3 million for the same period in 2016. This $1.7 million increase was primarily due to higher legal costs, a prior year credit to bad debt expense and compensation costs primarily related to the increased workforce in sales and fleet management due to the transition of managing our lease fleet in-house, partially offset by decreased commissions due to a lower mix of railcar shipments for direct sale compared to the prior year and stock-based compensation costs due to fluctuations in the Company’s stock price.

Net earnings for the second quarter of 2017 were $10.9 million, or $0.57 per share compared to $19.9 million, or $1.02 per share, in the same period in 2016. This decrease was driven largely by decreased earnings from operations, as discussed above, as well as the impact of increased tax expense during the second quarter of 2017 as the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $1.0 million against a deferred tax asset related to a capital loss carryforward. This valuation allowance equates to a decrease of $0.05 per share for the second quarter of 2017.

EBITDA, adjusted to exclude share-based compensation expense and other income related to short-term investment activity (Adjusted EBITDA), was $37.0 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared to $50.4 million for the comparable quarter in 2016. The decrease resulted primarily from decreased earnings from operations as discussed above. A reconciliation of the Company’s net earnings to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (both non-GAAP financial measures) is set forth in the supplemental disclosure attached to this press release.

Year-to-Date Results

Consolidated revenues for the first six months of 2017 were $223.7 million compared to $326.7 million for the comparable period in 2016. The Company shipped 1,080 direct sale railcars and 1,147 railcars built for the Company's lease fleet during the first six months of 2017 compared to 2,062 direct sale railcars and 285 railcars built for the lease fleet during the same period in 2016. Railcars built for the lease fleet represented 52% of ARI's railcar shipments in the first six months of 2017 compared to 12% for the same period in 2016.

Consolidated earnings from operations for the first six months of 2017 were $44.1 million, a decrease of 43% from $76.7 million for the comparable period in 2016. Consolidated earnings from operations for the first six months of 2017 and 2016 excluded $10.9 million and $4.5 million, respectively, of profit on railcars built for the lease fleet that is eliminated in consolidation. Operating margins were 19.7% for the first six months of 2017 compared to 23.5% for the same period of 2016. These decreases were primarily driven by lower earnings from operations in the Company's manufacturing segment combined with slightly lower earnings from operations in the railcar leasing and railcar services segments and higher selling, general and administrative costs.

Net earnings for the first six months of 2017 were $21.5 million, or $1.12 per share compared to $42.7 million, or $2.18 per share, for the comparable period in 2016, primarily due to decreased earnings from operations as discussed above, driven largely by the heavier mix of railcars produced for our lease fleet during the first half of 2017 and lower overall shipments.

Adjusted EBITDA was $73.1 million for the first six months of 2017, a decrease of $31.8 million from $104.9 million for the comparable period in 2016. The decrease resulted primarily from decreased earnings from operations as discussed above. A reconciliation of the Company’s net earnings to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (both non-GAAP financial measures) is set forth in the supplemental disclosure attached to this press release.

Cash Flow and Liquidity

The Company’s earnings have contributed to cash flow from operations in the first six months of 2017 of $52.2 million. As of June 30, 2017, ARI had working capital of $172.0 million, including $102.8 million of cash and cash equivalents.

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $558.4 million of debt outstanding, net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $4.8 million, and borrowing availability of $200.0 million under a revolving loan.

The Company paid dividends totaling $15.3 million during the first six months of 2017. At the board meeting in July, the Company’s board of directors declared a cash dividend of $0.40 per share of common stock of the Company to shareholders of record as of September 8, 2017 that will be paid on September 22, 2017.

The Company has not repurchased any shares of its common stock thus far in 2017 under its stock repurchase program. Board authorization for approximately $164.0 million remains available for further stock repurchases.

Backlog

ARI's backlog as of June 30, 2017 was 2,878 railcars with an estimated market value of $270.0 million. Of the total backlog, we currently expect 715 railcars, or 25%, having an estimated market value of $66.5 million, will be placed into our lease fleet.

Conference Call and Webcast

ARI will host a webcast and conference call on Tuesday, August 1, 2017 at 10:00 am (Eastern Time) to discuss the Company’s second quarter 2017 financial results. In conjunction with this press release, ARI has posted a supplemental information presentation to its website. To participate in the webcast, please log-on to ARI’s investor relations page through the ARI website at americanrailcar.com. To participate in the conference call, please dial 877-745-9389. Participants are asked to log-on to the ARI website or dial in to the conference call approximately 10 to 15 minutes prior to the start time. An audio replay of the call will also be available on the Company’s website promptly following the earnings call.

About ARI

ARI is a prominent North American designer and manufacturer of hopper and tank railcars. ARI provides its railcar customers with integrated solutions through a comprehensive set of high quality products and related services. ARI manufactures and sells railcars, custom designed railcar parts, and other industrial products. ARI and its subsidiaries also lease railcars manufactured by the Company to certain markets, and ARI has begun managing these lease railcars in-house. In addition, ARI and its subsidiaries provide railcar repair services through its various repair facilities, including mini-shops and mobile units, offering a range of services from full to light repair. More information about American Railcar Industries, Inc. is available on its website at americanrailcar.com or call the Investor Relations Department, 636.940.6000.

Forward Looking Statement Disclaimer

This press release contains statements relating to the Company's expected financial performance, objectives, long-term strategies and/or future business prospects, events and plans that are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent the Company’s estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. Such statements include, without limitation, statements regarding: various estimates we have made in preparing our financial statements, expected future trends relating to our industry, products and markets, anticipated customer demand for our products and services, trends relating to our shipments, leasing business, railcar services, revenues, profit margin, capacity, financial condition, and results of operations, trends related to shipments for direct sale versus lease, our backlog and any implication that our backlog may be indicative of our future revenues, our strategic objectives and long-term strategies, our results of operations, financial condition and the sufficiency of our capital resources, our capital expenditure plans, short- and long-term liquidity needs, ability to service our current debt obligations and future financing plans, our Stock Repurchase Program, anticipated benefits regarding the growth of our leasing business, the mix of railcars in our lease fleet and our lease fleet financings, anticipated production schedules for our products and the anticipated production schedules of our joint ventures, our plans regarding future dividends and the anticipated performance and capital requirements of our joint ventures. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made and are not guarantees of future performance. The payment of future dividends, if any, and the amount thereof, will be at the discretion of ARI’s board of directors and will depend upon the Company’s operating results, strategic plans, capital requirements, financial condition, provisions of its borrowing arrangements, applicable law and other factors the Company’s board of directors considers relevant. Other potential risks and uncertainties that could adversely affect our business and prospects include without limitation: our prospects in light of the cyclical nature of our business; the health of and prospects for the overall railcar industry; risks relating to our compliance with the FRA directive released September 30, 2016 and subsequently revised and superseded on November 18, 2016 (Directive), any developments related to the Directive and any costs or loss of revenue related thereto; risks relating to the ongoing transition of the management of our railcar leasing business from ARL to in-house management following completion of the ARL Sale; the risk of being unable to market or remarket railcars for sale or lease at favorable prices or on favorable terms or at all; fluctuations in commodity prices, including oil and gas; the impact, costs and expenses of any warranty claims we may be subject to now or in the future; the highly competitive nature of the manufacturing, railcar leasing and railcar services industries; the variable purchase patterns of our railcar customers and the timing of completion, customer acceptance and shipment of orders, as well as the mix of railcars for lease versus direct sale; risks relating to our compliance with, and the overall railcar industry's implementation of, United States and Canadian regulations related to the transportation of flammable liquids by rail; our ability to manage overhead and variations in production rates; our ability to recruit, retain and train qualified personnel; the impact of any economic downturn, adverse market conditions or restricted credit markets; our reliance upon a small number of customers that represent a large percentage of our revenues and backlog; fluctuations in the costs of raw materials, including steel and railcar components, and delays in the delivery of such raw materials and components; fluctuations in the supply of components and raw materials we use in railcar manufacturing; the ongoing risks related to our relationship with Mr. Carl Icahn, our principal beneficial stockholder through Icahn Enterprises L.P. (IELP), and certain of his affiliates; the risks associated with ongoing compliance with environmental, health, safety, and regulatory laws and regulations, which may be subject to change; the impact, costs and expenses of any litigation we may be subject to now or in the future; the sufficiency of our liquidity and capital resources, including long-term capital needs to support the growth of our lease fleet; the impact of repurchases pursuant to our Stock Repurchase Program on our current liquidity and the ownership percentage of our principal beneficial stockholder through IELP, Mr. Carl Icahn; the risks associated with our current joint ventures and anticipated capital needs of, and production capabilities at our joint ventures; the conversion of our railcar backlog into revenues equal to our reported estimated backlog value; the risks and impact associated with any potential joint ventures, acquisitions, strategic opportunities, dispositions or new business endeavors; the integration with other systems and ongoing management of our new enterprise resource planning system; the risks related to our and our subsidiaries' indebtedness and compliance with covenants contained in our and our subsidiaries' financing arrangements and the additional risk factors described in ARI’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company expressly disclaims any duty to provide updates to any forward-looking statements made in this press release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
June 30,
2017
December 31,
2016
(unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$102,811 $178,571
Restricted cash16,684 16,714
Short-term investments—available for sale securities1,815 8,958
Accounts receivable, net44,780 39,727
Accounts receivable, due from related parties2,453 4,790
Inventories, net70,807 75,028
Prepaid expenses and other current assets9,155 8,623
Total current assets248,505 332,411
Property, plant and equipment, net169,628 177,051
Railcars on lease, net994,821 908,010
Income Tax Receivable11,721 234
Goodwill7,169 7,169
Investments in and loans to joint ventures24,683 26,332
Other assets3,831 5,043
Total assets$1,460,358 $1,456,250
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$24,346 $29,314
Accounts payable, due to related parties186 3,252
Accrued expenses, including loss contingency of $8,104 and $10,127 at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively15,509 15,411
Accrued income taxes payable 7,660
Accrued compensation10,800 11,628
Short-term debt, including current portion of long-term debt25,681 25,588
Total current liabilities76,522 92,853
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $4,756 and $4,863 at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively532,740 545,392
Deferred tax liability279,709 252,943
Pension and post-retirement liabilities8,672 8,648
Other liabilities, including loss contingency of $1,970 and $2,161 at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively5,616 6,144
Total liabilities903,259 905,980
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 19,083,878 shares outstanding as of both June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016213 213
Additional paid-in capital239,609 239,609
Retained Earnings409,010 402,810
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(5,702) (6,331)
Treasury Stock(86,031) (86,031)
Total stockholders’ equity557,099 550,270
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,460,358 $1,456,250


AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Revenues:
Manufacturing (including revenues from affiliates of $137 for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and $223 and $776 for the three and six months ended June 30 2016, respectively)$55,087 $97,548 $115,813 $221,340
Railcar leasing (including revenues from affiliates of $223 and $447 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, and zero for the same periods in 2016)33,717 33,209 67,552 65,977
Railcar services (including revenues from affiliates of $4,425 and $10,572 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, and $7,249 and $15,243 for the same periods in 2016)20,216 19,727 40,336 39,347
Total revenues109,020 150,484 223,701 326,664
Cost of revenues:
Manufacturing(51,121) (81,437) (105,680) (183,718)
Other operating income1,033 1,064
Railcar leasing(11,617) (10,356) (23,676) (20,531)
Railcar services(16,146) (15,420) (33,536) (30,657)
Total cost of revenues(77,851) (107,213) (161,828) (234,906)
Gross profit31,169 43,271 61,873 91,758
Selling, general and administrative(9,019) (7,297) (17,821) (15,254)
Net gains on disposition of leased railcars 13 167
Earnings from operations22,150 35,974 44,065 76,671
Interest income (including income from related parties of $306 and $642 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, and $427 and $884 for the same periods in 2016)368 453 741 931
Interest expense(5,488) (5,678) (11,019) (11,584)
Other income1,867 1 1,921 1
Earnings from joint ventures796 1,458 1,346 2,944
Earnings before income taxes19,693 32,208 37,054 68,963
Income tax expense(8,794) (12,312) (15,587) (26,275)
Net earnings$10,899 $19,896 $21,467 $42,688
Net earnings per common share—basic and diluted$0.57 $1.02 $1.12 $2.18
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic and diluted19,084 19,511 19,084 19,588
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.40 $0.40 $0.80 $0.80


AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SEGMENT DATA
(In thousands, unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
Revenues
External Intersegment Total Earnings (Loss)
from Operations
(in thousands)
Manufacturing$55,087 $55,442 $110,529 $7,299
Railcar leasing33,717 33,717 18,690
Railcar services20,216 1,883 22,099 3,329
Corporate (4,953)
Eliminations (57,325) (57,325) (2,215)
Total Consolidated$109,020 $ $109,020 $22,150
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
Revenues
External Intersegment Total Earnings (Loss)
from Operations
(in thousands)
Manufacturing$97,548 $9,266 $106,814 $15,538
Railcar leasing33,209 33,209 20,237
Railcar services19,727 609 20,336 3,059
Corporate (4,441)
Eliminations (9,875) (9,875) 1,581
Total Consolidated$150,484 $ $150,484 $35,974
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017
Revenues
External Intersegment Total Earnings (Loss)
from Operations
(in thousands)
Manufacturing$115,813 $115,546 $231,359 $16,450
Railcar leasing67,552 67,552 37,500
Railcar services40,336 2,215 42,551 5,045
Corporate (9,225)
Eliminations (117,761) (117,761) (5,705)
Total Consolidated$223,701 $ $223,701 $44,065
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
Revenues
External Intersegment Total Earnings (Loss)
from Operations
(in thousands)
Manufacturing$221,340 $32,897 $254,237 $38,224
Railcar leasing65,977 65,977 39,912
Railcar services39,347 1,568 40,915 6,567
Corporate (8,949)
Eliminations (34,465) (34,465) 917
Total Consolidated$326,664 $ $326,664 $76,671


AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands, unaudited)
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2017 2016
Operating activities:
Net earnings$21,467 $42,688
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation28,174 25,616
Amortization of deferred costs250 252
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant, equipment and leased railcars(12) 18
Earnings from joint ventures(1,346) (2,944)
Provision for deferred income taxes26,720 15,163
Items related to investing activities:
Realized gain on short-term investments - available for sale securities(1,823)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(393) (11,421)
Accounts receivable, due from related parties2,357 3,322
Income taxes receivable(12,248) 926
Inventories, net4,264 20,167
Prepaid expenses and other current assets235 (2,643)
Accounts payable(4,983) (11,377)
Accounts payable, due to related parties(3,065) (2,569)
Accrued expenses and taxes(8,401) 8,514
Other956 1,772
Net cash provided by operating activities52,152 87,484
Investing activities:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(3,422) (11,187)
Grant Proceeds 75
Capital expenditures - leased railcars(103,765) (33,444)
Proceeds from the disposal of property, plant, equipment and leased railcars73 640
Proceeds from sale of short-term investments - available for sale securities4,086
Proceeds from repayments of loans by joint ventures2,953 2,953
Net cash used in investing activities(100,075) (40,963)
Financing activities:
Repayments of debt(12,669) (112,834)
Change in restricted cash related to long-term debt30 263
Stock repurchases (16,917)
Payment of common stock dividends(15,267) (15,613)
Debt issuance costs (14)
Net cash used in financing activities(27,906) (145,115)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents69 (19)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents(75,760) (98,613)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period178,571 298,064
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$102,811 $199,451


AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
RECONCILIATION OF NET EARNINGS TO EBITDA AND ADJUSTED EBITDA
(In thousands, unaudited)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net earnings$10,899 $19,896 $21,467 $42,688
Income tax expense8,794 12,312 15,587 26,275
Interest expense5,488 5,678 11,019 11,584
Interest income(368) (453) (741) (931)
Depreciation14,301 12,961 28,174 25,616
EBITDA$39,114 $50,394 $75,506 $105,232
Expense (Income) related to stock appreciation rights compensation(225) 24 (472) (287)
Other Income on short-term investment activity$(1,867) $(1,921)
Adjusted EBITDA$37,022 $50,418 $73,113 $104,945

EBITDA represents net earnings before income tax expense, interest expense (income) and depreciation of property, plant and equipment. The Company believes EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating ARI’s operating performance compared to that of other companies in the same industry. In addition, ARI’s management uses EBITDA to evaluate operating performance. The calculation of EBITDA eliminates the effects of financing, income taxes and the accounting effects of capital spending. These items may vary for different companies for reasons unrelated to the overall operating performance of a company’s business. EBITDA is not a financial measure presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP). Accordingly, when analyzing the Company’s operating performance, investors should not consider EBITDA in isolation or as a substitute for net earnings, cash flows provided by operating activities or other statement of operations or cash flow data prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The calculation of EBITDA is not necessarily comparable to that of other similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA before share-based compensation expense (income) related to stock appreciation rights (SARs) and other income related to our short-term investments. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating the Company’s operating performance, and therefore uses Adjusted EBITDA for that purpose. The Company’s SARs, which settle in cash, are revalued each period based primarily upon changes in ARI’s stock price. Management believes that eliminating the expense (income) associated with share-based compensation and income associated with short-term investments allows management and ARI’s investors to understand better the operating results independent of financial changes caused by the fluctuating price and value of the Company’s common stock and short-term investments. Adjusted EBITDA is not a financial measure presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, when analyzing operating performance, investors should not consider Adjusted EBITDA in isolation or as a substitute for net earnings, cash flows provided by operating activities or other statements of operations or cash flow data prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Company’s calculation of Adjusted EBITDA is not necessarily comparable to that of other similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

AMERICAN RAILCAR INDUSTRIES, INC. 100 Clark Street, St. Charles, Missouri 63301 americanrailcar.com 636.940.6000

Source:American Railcar Industries, Inc.