SHANGHAI, Sept 18 (Reuters) - China's yuan edged up against the U.S. dollar on Monday, following the central bank's fixing of a slightly firmer midpoint. Prior to market opening on Monday, the People's Bank of China set the yuan midpoint rate at 6.5419 per dollar prior to market open, 4 pips firmer than the previous fix of 6.5423. In the spot market, the yuan opened at 6.5510 per dollar and was changing hands at 6.5480 at midday, 20 pips firmer than the previous late session close but 0.09 percent weaker than the midpoint. Last week, the Chinese currency had its biggest weekly loss since November, weakening 0.93 percent against the dollar after the PBOC relaxed some capital outflow curbs. Before sliding, the Chinese currency strengthened to have a a year-to-date gain of more than 7.5 percent, erasing its losses in 2016. The market has "clearly received" the signal that China has been uneasy about the pace of appreciation, Tommy Xie, economist at OCBC Bank in Singapore said in a note on Monday morning. But Xie said that factors that are supportive to the yuan remain intact and he expects the downward adjustment in the onshore yuan to be limited. Some traders said they expected the yuan to consolidate in a range of 6.50 to 6.55 per dollar in the near term. One trader from a Chinese bank said the mid-month period remained as peak season for corporate dollar demand, which dragged the spot yuan rate lower than Monday's fixing. Oil firms usually build up their dollar reserves at mid-month, while other companies face rising dollar requirements for trade and finance purposes when the month-end approaches. On a trade-weighted basis, the yuan weakened only 0.32 percent against a basket of currencies of trading partners last week, according to official data from the China Foreign Exchange Trade System (CFETS). The index, published on a weekly basis, stood at 94.86 on Friday. The PBOC sold a net 821 million yuan ($125.40 million) worth of foreign exchange in August, according to Reuters calculations based on central bank data released on Friday. The net foreign exchange sales data from last month suggested that the central bank reflected its attitude towards the market, Xie Yaxuan, chief economist at China Merchants Securities said on Monday. The data "showed that the central bank did not want to intervene the foreign exchange market, and instead it was hoping the market to decide the FX rate," he said. The Thomson Reuters/HKEX Global CNH index, which tracks the offshore yuan against a basket of currencies on a daily basis, stood at 95.85, weaker than the previous day's 95.92. The global dollar index rose to 91.882 from the previous close of 91.872. The offshore yuan was trading 0.01 percent firmer than the onshore spot at 6.5475 per dollar. Offshore one-year non-deliverable forwards contracts (NDFs), considered the best available proxy for forward-looking market expectations of the yuan's value, traded at 6.6795, 2.06 percent weaker than the midpoint. One-year NDFs are settled against the midpoint, not the spot rate.
The yuan market at 0347 GMT:
Item Current Previous Change PBOC midpoint 6.5419 6.5423 0.01% Spot yuan 6.548 6.55 0.03% Divergence from 0.09%
Spot change YTD 6.09% Spot change since 2005 26.40%
Item Current Previous Change Thomson 95.85 95.92 -0.1
Reuters/HKEX CNH index
Dollar index 91.882 91.872 0.0
*Divergence of the dollar/yuan exchange rate. Negative number indicates that spot yuan is trading stronger than the midpoint. The People's Bank of China (PBOC) allows the exchange rate to rise or fall 2 percent from official midpoint rate it sets each morning.
OFFSHORE CNH MARKET
Instrument Current Difference
Offshore spot yuan 6.5475 0.01% * Offshore 6.6795 -2.06%
*Premium for offshore spot over onshore
**Figure reflects difference from PBOC's official midpoint, since non-deliverable forwards are settled against the midpoint. .
($1 = 6.5471 Chinese yuan)
(Reporting by Winni Zhou and John Ruwitch; Editing by Richard Borsuk)