AXT, Inc. Announces Third Quarter 2017 Financial Results

FREMONT, Calif., Oct. 25, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AXT, Inc. (Nasdaq:AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the third quarter, ended Sept. 30, 2017.

Third Quarter 2017 Results

Revenue for the third quarter of 2017 was $28.2 million, compared with $23.6 million in the second quarter of 2017 and $21.9 million for the third quarter of 2016. Year over year, this is a 29 percent increase in quarterly revenue.

Gross margin was 39.5 percent for the third quarter of 2017, compared with 30.8 percent in the second quarter of 2017 and 34.6 percent for the third quarter of 2016. The improvement in gross margin in the third quarter of 2017 was largely the result of favorable product mix, higher sales volume, and greater manufacturing efficiency.

Operating expenses were $5.9 million in the third quarter of 2017, including one-time expenses of approximately $500,000. By comparison, operating expenses in the second quarter of 2017 were $5.0 million and $4.9 million in the third quarter of 2016.

Operating income was $5.2 million for the third quarter of 2017, compared with $2.3 million in the second quarter of 2017 and $2.7 million for the third quarter of 2016. Year over year, this is a 94 percent increase in quarterly operating profit.

Interest and other, net was a loss of $0.5 million for the third quarter of 2017, compared with a loss of $0.2 million in the second quarter of 2017 and a loss of $0.3 million for the third quarter of 2016. Interest and other, net for the third quarter of 2017 included a foreign exchange loss of $0.3 million and a net loss of $0.3 million from the seven partially owned companies in the company’s supply chain accounted for under the equity method.

Income tax expense in the third quarter of 2017 was $0.2 million compared with $0.3 million in the second quarter of 2017 and $0.2 million for the third quarter of 2016.

Net income was $4.4 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2017 compared with a net income of $1.9 million, or $0.05 per diluted share, in the second quarter of 2017 and a net profit of $2.2 million or $0.07 per diluted share for the third quarter of 2016. Year over year this is a 98 percent increase in quarterly net profit and a 57 percent increase in earnings per share.

Management Qualitative Comments

“The third quarter was another solid quarter in which we posted revenue growth in all of our product categories, including record revenue in indium phosphide,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “We also achieved strong gross margin improvement and outperformed our profitability expectations for the quarter. These results demonstrate that our products are well positioned in strategic, growing markets, and that we are seeing the benefit of the operational efficiencies and improvements that we began successfully implementing more than a year ago. In addition, during the quarter we finalized the purchase of our new facility in the city of Dingxing, China. We are on schedule with our relocation plans and are pleased with our progress to date.”

Conference Call

The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 1143736). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 1143736) until Oct. 31, 2017. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.

About AXT, Inc.

AXT designs, develops, manufactures and distributes high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge) through its manufacturing facilities in Beijing, China. In addition, AXT maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions at its headquarters in Fremont, California. The company’s substrate products are used primarily in lighting display applications, wireless communications, fiber optic communications and solar cell applications. Its vertical gradient freeze (VGF) technique for manufacturing semiconductor substrates provides significant benefits over other methods and enabled AXT to become a leading manufacturer of such substrates. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and invests in joint ventures in China producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT’s website at

Safe Harbor Statement

The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, our market opportunity, our schedule and timelines regarding our relocation plans and our expectations with respect to our business prospects. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: overall conditions in the markets in which the company competes; global financial conditions and uncertainties; policies and regulations in China; market acceptance and demand for the company’s products; the impact of factory closures or other events causing delays by our customers on the timing of sales of our products; our ability to control costs, our ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
September 30, September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Revenue $28,168 $21,872 $72,341 $61,080
Cost of revenue 17,035 14,294 47,664 42,222
Gross profit 11,133 7,578 24,677 18,858
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative 4,484 3,313 12,219 10,106
Research and development 1,410 1,566 3,553 4,419
Restructuring charge 226
Total operating expenses 5,894 4,879 15,772 14,751
Income from operations 5,239 2,699 8,905 4,107
Interest income, net 122 105 334 303
Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures (266) (581) (1,387) (1,437)
Other (expense) income, net (349) 164 (403) 682
Income before provision for income taxes 4,746 2,387 7,449 3,655
Provision for income taxes 181 176 661 713
Net income 4,565 2,211 6,788 2,942
Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests (146) 18 226 480
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. $4,419 $2,229 $7,014 $3,422
Net income attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:
Basic $0.11 $0.07 $0.19 $0.10
Diluted $0.11 $0.07 $0.18 $0.10
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic 38,499 32,110 36,999 32,043
Diluted 40,095 33,138 38,469 32,615

(Unaudited, in thousands)
September 30, December 31,
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $48,078 $36,152
Short-term investments 20,524 11,415
Accounts receivable, net 20,877 14,453
Inventories 40,768 40,152
Related party notes receivable – current 57
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 5,682 5,114
Total current assets 135,986 107,286
Long-term investments 9,685 6,156
Property, plant and equipment, net 42,255 27,805
Related party notes receivable – long-term 157
Other assets 11,696 12,842
Total assets $199,622 $154,246
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $9,499 $6,691
Accrued liabilities 9,284 9,260
Total current liabilities 18,783 15,951
Long-term portion of royalty payments 144 575
Other long-term liabilities 278 330
Total liabilities 19,205 16,856
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock 3,532 3,532
Common stock 39 33
Additional paid-in-capital 228,516 194,177
Accumulated deficit (57,971) (64,985)
Accumulated other comprehensive income 2,275 253
Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity 176,391 133,010
Noncontrolling interests 4,026 4,380
Total stockholders’ equity 180,417 137,390
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $199,622 $154,246

Contacts: Gary Fischer Chief Financial Officer (510) 683-5900 Leslie Green Green Communications Consulting, LLC (650) 312-9060

Source:AXT, Inc.