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TRI Pointe Group, Inc. Reports 2017 Third Quarter Results

-New Home Orders up 36% Year-Over-Year on a 9% Increase in Average Selling Communities-
-Backlog Dollar Value up 56% on a 32% increase in Backlog Units-
-Reports Net Income Available to Common Stockholders of $72.3 Million, or $0.48 per Diluted Share-
-Reports $68.2 Million of Land and Lot Revenue and $56.2 Million in Land and Lot Gross Margin-

IRVINE, Calif., Oct. 25, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- TRI Pointe Group, Inc. (the "Company") (NYSE:TPH) today announced results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2017.

Results and Operational Data for Third Quarter 2017 and Comparisons to Third Quarter 2016

  • Net income available to common stockholders was $72.3 million, or $0.48 per diluted share, compared to $34.8 million, or $0.22 per diluted share
  • New home orders of 1,268 compared to 932, an increase of 36%
  • Active selling communities averaged 129.8 compared to 119.0, an increase of 9%
    • New home orders per average selling community were 9.8 orders (3.3 monthly) compared to 7.8 orders (2.6 monthly)
    • Cancellation rate of 15% compared to 17%, a decrease of 200 basis points
  • Backlog units at quarter end of 2,265 homes compared to 1,711, an increase of 32%
    • Dollar value of backlog at quarter end of $1.5 billion compared to $950.2 million, an increase of 56%
    • Average sales price in backlog at quarter end of $654,000 compared to $555,000, an increase of 18%
  • Home sales revenue of $648.6 million compared to $578.7 million, an increase of 12%
    • New home deliveries of 1,111 homes compared to 1,019 homes, an increase of 9%
    • Average sales price of homes delivered of $584,000 compared to $568,000, an increase of 3%
  • Homebuilding gross margin percentage of 19.5% compared to 20.1%, a decrease of 60 basis points
    • Excluding interest and impairments and lot option abandonments, adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage was 22.0%*
  • Land and lot sales revenue of $68.2 million compared to $2.5 million
    • Land and lot sales gross margin percentage of 82.4% compared to 31.6%
    • Third quarter 2017 results include the sale of a parcel consisting of 69 homebuilding lots located in the Pacific Highlands Ranch community in San Diego, California, representing $66.8 million in land and lot sales revenue and $56.1 million in land and lot gross margin
  • SG&A expense as a percentage of homes sales revenue of 10.2% compared to 10.9%, a decrease of 70 basis points
  • Ratios of debt-to-capital and net debt-to-net capital of 47.5% and 45.0%*, respectively, as of September 30, 2017
  • Repurchased 975,700 shares of common stock at a weighted average price per share of $12.83 for an aggregate dollar amount of $12,519,904 in the three months ended September 30, 2017
  • Ended third quarter of 2017 with total liquidity of $554.6 million, including cash of $162.4 million and $392.2 million of availability under the Company's unsecured revolving credit facility

* See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures"

“I am very pleased with our results this quarter,” said TRI Pointe Group Chief Executive Officer Doug Bauer. “We had a 36% increase in new home orders on a year-over-year basis, driven primarily by a 9% increase in average selling communities and a 27% increase in our monthly absorption rate. We believe this order growth is a strong indicator of the strength in the housing market and the quality of our home offerings. The positive trends we saw for the quarter were broad-based, with our operations in California continuing to produce excellent results and operations in our other markets making improvements with respect to order growth and/or profitability. These trends, coupled with the significant increase to our quarter-ending backlog, put us in a great position to end the year on a high note and carry that momentum into 2018.”

Third Quarter 2017 Operating Results

Net income available to common stockholders was $72.3 million, or $0.48 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2017, compared to net income available to common stockholders of $34.8 million, or $0.22 per diluted share for the third quarter of 2016. The increase in net income available to common stockholders was primarily due to an increase in land and lot sales gross margin of $55.4 million due primarily to the sale of a parcel consisting of 69 homebuilding lots located in the Pacific Highlands Ranch community in San Diego, California.

Home sales revenue increased $70.0 million, or 12%, to $648.6 million for the third quarter of 2017, as compared to $578.7 million for the third quarter of 2016. The increase was primarily attributable to a 9% increase in new home deliveries to 1,111, and a 3% increase in the average sales price of homes delivered to $584,000, compared to $568,000 in the third quarter of 2016.

New home orders increased 36% to 1,268 homes for the third quarter of 2017, as compared to 932 homes for the same period in 2016. Average selling communities increased 9% to 129.8 for the third quarter of 2017 compared to 119.0 for the third quarter of 2016. The Company’s overall absorption rate per average selling community increased 27% for the third quarter of 2017 to 9.8 orders (3.3 monthly) compared to 7.8 orders (2.6 monthly) during the third quarter of 2016.

The Company ended the quarter with 2,265 homes in backlog, representing approximately $1.5 billion. The average sales price of homes in backlog as of September 30, 2017 increased $99,000, or 18%, to $654,000, compared to $555,000 as of September 30, 2016.

Homebuilding gross margin percentage for the third quarter of 2017 decreased to 19.5%, compared to 20.1% for the third quarter of 2016. Excluding interest and impairments and lot option abandonments in cost of home sales, adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage was 22.0%* for the third quarter of 2017, compared to 22.7%* for the third quarter of 2016. The decrease in homebuilding gross margin percentage was largely due to the mix of homes delivered and increased labor and material cost.

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense for the third quarter of 2017 decreased to 10.2% of home sales revenue as compared to 10.9% for the third quarter of 2016 primarily due to increased leverage as a result of a 12% increase in home sales revenue.

“Our homebuilding teams did an excellent job of executing this quarter, as we once again met or exceeded our quarterly guidance for deliveries, average sales prices and homebuilding gross margin,” said TRI Pointe Group President and Chief Operating Officer Tom Mitchell. “In addition, we continue to be encouraged by the quality of our land pipeline and the improvement in both our operations and product. I would especially like to thank and applaud our team in Houston for displaying such dedication, perseverance and compassion for the community in the wake of Hurricane Harvey and its aftermath. Our team members really came together to help one another and to make sure our communities were safe and back open for business.”

* See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”

Outlook

For the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company expects to open 14 new communities, and close out of 10, resulting in 131 active selling communities as of December 31, 2017. In addition, the Company anticipates delivering approximately 75% to 80% of its 2,265 units in backlog as of September 30, 2017 at an average sales price of $630,000 to $640,000. The Company anticipates its homebuilding gross margin percentage to be in a range of 21.0% to 22.0% for the fourth quarter resulting in a range of 20.0% to 21.0% for the full year. Finally, the Company expects its SG&A expense as a percentage of home sales revenue to be in the range of 7.6% to 7.8% for the fourth quarter and 10.2% to 10.4% for the full year.

Earnings Conference Call

The Company will host a conference call via live webcast for investors and other interested parties beginning at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, October 25, 2017. The call will be hosted by Doug Bauer, Chief Executive Officer, Tom Mitchell, President and Chief Operating Officer and Mike Grubbs, Chief Financial Officer.

Interested parties can listen to the call live and view the related presentation slides on the internet through the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at www.TRIPointeGroup.com. Listeners should go to the website at least fifteen minutes prior to the call to download and install any necessary audio software. The call can also be accessed by dialing 1-877-407-3982 for domestic participants or 1-201-493-6780 for international participants. Participants should ask for the TRI Pointe Group Third Quarter 2017 Earnings Conference Call. Those dialing in should do so at least ten minutes prior to the start. The replay of the call will be available for two weeks following the call. To access the replay, the domestic dial-in number is 1-844-512-2921, the international dial-in number is 1-412-317-6671, and the reference code is #13671772. An archive of the webcast will be available on the Company’s website for a limited time.

About TRI Pointe Group, Inc.

Headquartered in Irvine, California, TRI Pointe Group, Inc. (NYSE: TPH) is one of the top ten largest public homebuilders by equity market capitalization in the United States. The company designs, constructs and sells premium single-family homes through its portfolio of six quality brands across eight states, including Maracay Homes® in Arizona; Pardee Homes® in California and Nevada; Quadrant Homes® in Washington; Trendmaker® Homes in Texas; TRI Pointe Homes® in California and Colorado; and Winchester® Homes in Maryland and Virginia. Additional information is available at www.TRIPointeGroup.com. Winchester is a registered trademark and is used with permission.

Forward-Looking Statements

Various statements contained in this press release, including those that express a belief, expectation or intention, as well as those that are not statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements may include projections and estimates concerning the timing and success of specific projects and our future production, land and lot sales, operational and financial results, financial condition, prospects, and capital spending. Our forward-looking statements are generally accompanied by words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “goal,” “guidance,” “expect,” “intend,” “outlook,” “project,” “potential,” “plan,” “predict,” “target,” “will,” or other words that convey future events or outcomes. The forward-looking statements in this press release speak only as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to update these statements unless required by law, and we caution you not to rely on them unduly. These forward-looking statements are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory and other risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. The following factors, among others, may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements: the effect of general economic conditions, including employment rates, housing starts, interest rate levels, availability of financing for home mortgages and strength of the U.S. dollar; market demand for our products, which is related to the strength of the various U.S. business segments and U.S. and international economic conditions; levels of competition; the successful execution of our internal performance plans, including restructuring and cost reduction initiatives; global economic conditions; raw material prices; oil and other energy prices; the effect of weather, including the re-occurrence of drought conditions in California; the risk of loss from earthquakes, volcanoes, fires, floods, droughts, windstorms, hurricanes, pest infestations and other natural disasters, and the risk of delays, reduced consumer demand, and shortages and price increases in labor or materials associated with such natural disasters; transportation costs; federal and state tax policies; the effect of land use, environment and other governmental regulations; legal proceedings or disputes and the adequacy of reserves; risks relating to any unforeseen changes to or effects on liabilities, future capital expenditures, revenues, expenses, earnings, synergies, indebtedness, financial condition, losses and future prospects; changes in accounting principles; risks related to unauthorized access to our computer systems, theft of our customers’ confidential information or other forms of cyber-attack; and additional factors discussed under the sections captioned “Risk Factors” included in our annual and quarterly reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The foregoing list is not exhaustive. New risk factors may emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors or to assess the impact of such risk factors on our business.

Investor Relations Contact:

Chris Martin, TRI Pointe Group
Drew Mackintosh, Mackintosh Investor Relations
InvestorRelations@TRIPointeGroup.com, 949-478-8696

Media Contact:
Carol Ruiz, cruiz@newgroundco.com, 310-437-0045


KEY OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL DATA
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 Change 2017 2016 Change
Operating Data:
Home sales revenue$648,638 $ 578,653 $69,985 $ 1,609,458 $ 1,558,633 $50,825
Homebuilding gross margin$126,720 $116,330 $10,390 $314,895 $339,073 $ (24,178)
Homebuilding gross margin %19.5% 20.1% (0.6)% 19.6% 21.8% (2.2)%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin %*22.0% 22.7% (0.7)% 22.0% 24.0% (2.0)%
Land and lot sales revenue$68,218 $2,535 $65,683 $69,661 $70,204 $(543)
Land and lot gross margin$56,217 $801 $55,416 $56,362 $53,231 $3,131
Land and lot gross margin %82.4% 31.6% 50.8% 80.9% 75.8% 5.1%
SG&A expense$66,135 $63,130 $3,005 $193,502 $180,914 $12,588
SG&A expense as a % of home sales revenue 10.2% 10.9% (0.7)% 12.0% 11.6% 0.4%
Net income available to common stockholders$72,264 $34,834 $37,430 $113,171 $137,310 $(24,139)
Adjusted EBITDA*$139,550 $74,215 $65,335 $237,755 $262,945 $(25,190)
Interest incurred$22,865 $18,601 $4,264 $61,669 $50,030 $11,639
Interest in cost of home sales$15,623 $14,385 $1,238 $38,448 $34,653 $3,795
Other Data:
Net new home orders1,268 932 336 4,012 3,339 673
New homes delivered1,111 1,019 92 2,940 2,784 156
Average selling price of homes delivered$584 $568 $16 $547 $560 $(13)
Average selling communities129.8 119.0 10.8 127.4 117.0 10.4
Selling communities at end of period127 123 4 N/A N/A N/A
Cancellation rate15% 17% (2)% 15% 14% 1%
Backlog (estimated dollar value)$ 1,482,265 $950,171 $ 532,094
Backlog (homes)2,265 1,711 554
Average selling price in backlog$654 $555 $99
September 30, December 31,
2017 2016 Change
Balance Sheet Data:
Cash and cash equivalents $162,396 $208,657 $(46,261)
Real estate inventories $3,303,421 $2,910,627 $392,794
Lots owned or controlled 27,892 28,309 (417)
Homes under construction (1) 2,599 1,605 994
Homes completed, unsold 243 405 (162)
Debt $1,669,558 $1,382,033 $287,525
Stockholders' equity $1,842,429 $1,829,447 $12,982
Book capitalization $3,511,987 $3,211,480 $300,507
Ratio of debt-to-capital 47.5% 43.0% 4.5%
Ratio of net debt-to-net capital* 45.0% 39.1% 5.9%

__________
(1) Homes under construction included 64 and 65 models at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
* See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share amounts)
September 30, December 31,
2017 2016
Assets(unaudited)
Cash and cash equivalents$162,396 $208,657
Receivables84,583 82,500
Real estate inventories3,303,421 2,910,627
Investments in unconsolidated entities17,616 17,546
Goodwill and other intangible assets, net161,094 161,495
Deferred tax assets, net108,664 123,223
Other assets58,292 60,592
Total assets$3,896,066 $3,564,640
Liabilities
Accounts payable$64,038 $70,252
Accrued expenses and other liabilities316,487 263,845
Unsecured revolving credit facility200,000 200,000
Seller financed loans 13,726
Senior notes1,469,558 1,168,307
Total liabilities2,050,083 1,716,130
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
Stockholders' Equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; no
shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2017 and
December 31, 2016, respectively
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized;
150,429,021 and 158,626,229 shares issued and outstanding at
September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
1,504 1,586
Additional paid-in capital780,715 880,822
Retained earnings1,060,210 947,039
Total stockholders' equity1,842,429 1,829,447
Noncontrolling interests3,554 19,063
Total equity1,845,983 1,848,510
Total liabilities and equity$3,896,066 $3,564,640



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Homebuilding:
Home sales revenue$648,638 $578,653 $1,609,458 $1,558,633
Land and lot sales revenue68,218 2,535 69,661 70,204
Other operations revenue584 606 1,752 1,790
Total revenues717,440 581,794 1,680,871 1,630,627
Cost of home sales521,918 462,323 1,294,563 1,219,560
Cost of land and lot sales12,001 1,734 13,299 16,973
Other operations expense575 575 1,726 1,724
Sales and marketing33,179 31,852 92,209 90,621
General and administrative32,956 31,278 101,293 90,293
Homebuilding income from operations116,811 54,032 177,781 211,456
Equity in (loss) income of unconsolidated entities (20) 1,646 181
Other income, net26 21 147 287
Homebuilding income before income taxes116,837 54,033 179,574 211,924
Financial Services:
Revenues295 235 881 762
Expenses82 72 233 183
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities1,351 1,247 2,911 3,246
Financial services income before income taxes1,564 1,410 3,559 3,825
Income before income taxes118,401 55,443 183,133 215,749
Provision for income taxes(46,112) (20,298) (69,824) (77,701)
Net income72,289 35,145 113,309 138,048
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(25) (311) (138) (738)
Net income available to common stockholders$72,264 $34,834 $113,171 $137,310
Earnings per share
Basic$0.48 $0.22 $0.73 $0.85
Diluted$0.48 $0.22 $0.73 $0.85
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic151,214,744 160,614,055 155,238,206 161,456,520
Diluted152,129,825 161,267,509 155,936,076 161,916,352



MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New Homes Delivered:
Maracay Homes164 $477 165 $412 447 $459 400 $403
Pardee Homes328 502 302 623 896 478 828 587
Quadrant Homes79 686 90 531 206 649 287 515
Trendmaker Homes104 504 121 516 343 493 335 506
TRI Pointe Homes332 720 260 645 783 669 678 667
Winchester Homes104 579 81 550 265 561 256 554
Total1,111 $584 1,019 $568 2,940 $547 2,784 $560
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New
Homes
Delivered
Average
Sales
Price
New Homes Delivered:
California535 $640 412 $716 1,272 $603 1,093 $707
Colorado30 591 30 526 97 593 118 505
Maryland77 562 55 510 192 534 169 504
Virginia27 625 26 634 73 633 87 650
Arizona164 477 165 412 447 459 400 403
Nevada95 458 120 377 310 414 295 360
Texas104 504 121 516 343 493 335 506
Washington79 686 90 531 206 649 287 515
Total1,111 $584 1,019 $568 2,940 $547 2,784 $560


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New Home Orders:
Maracay Homes158 13.5 134 17.8 504 15.3 526 18.1
Pardee Homes421 30.8 283 22.5 1,282 29.3 936 22.8
Quadrant Homes84 8.3 49 7.3 311 7.6 274 8.5
Trendmaker Homes113 29.3 130 29.0 393 30.9 385 26.8
TRI Pointe Homes378 34.7 239 28.7 1,144 31.9 883 27.3
Winchester Homes114 13.2 97 13.7 378 12.4 335 13.5
Total1,268 129.8 932 119.0 4,012 127.4 3,339 117.0
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New
Home
Orders
Average
Selling
Communities
Net New Home Orders:
California632 45.2 380 35.0 1,885 43.1 1,333 34.3
Colorado40 8.0 31 5.0 144 6.5 107 4.8
Maryland81 10.0 72 7.2 265 9.0 214 6.7
Virginia33 3.2 25 6.5 113 3.4 121 6.8
Arizona158 13.5 134 17.8 504 15.3 526 18.1
Nevada127 12.3 111 11.2 397 11.6 379 11.0
Texas113 29.3 130 29.0 393 30.9 385 26.8
Washington84 8.3 49 7.3 311 7.6 274 8.5
Total1,268 129.8 932 119.0 4,012 127.4 3,339 117.0


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
As of September 30, 2017 As of September 30, 2016
Backlog
Units
Backlog
Dollar
Value
Average
Sales
Price
Backlog
Units
Backlog
Dollar
Value
Average
Sales
Price
Backlog:
Maracay Homes305 $154,324 $506 329 $144,127 $438
Pardee Homes646 436,376 676 382 182,263 477
Quadrant Homes206 160,202 778 130 83,467 642
Trendmaker Homes213 107,968 507 186 98,874 532
TRI Pointe Homes659 481,537 731 495 319,823 646
Winchester Homes236 141,858 601 189 121,617 643
Total2,265 $1,482,265 $654 1,711 $950,171 $555
As of September 30, 2017 As of September 30, 2016
Backlog
Units
Backlog
Dollar
Value
Average
Sales
Price
Backlog
Units
Backlog
Dollar
Value
Average
Sales
Price
Backlog:
California1,015 $750,947 $740 641 $387,125 $604
Colorado106 65,563 619 73 42,809 586
Maryland175 98,920 565 122 75,444 618
Virginia61 42,937 704 67 46,172 689
Arizona305 154,324 506 329 144,127 438
Nevada184 101,404 551 163 72,153 443
Texas213 107,968 507 186 98,874 532
Washington206 160,202 778 130 83,467 642
Total2,265 $1,482,265 $654 1,711 $950,171 $555


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(unaudited)
September 30, December 31,
2017 2016
Lots Owned or Controlled:
Maracay Homes2,606 2,053
Pardee Homes15,655 16,912
Quadrant Homes1,685 1,582
Trendmaker Homes1,856 1,999
TRI Pointe Homes3,784 3,479
Winchester Homes2,306 2,284
Total27,892 28,309
September 30, December 31,
2017 2016
Lots Owned or Controlled:
California16,403 17,245
Colorado817 918
Maryland1,661 1,779
Virginia645 505
Arizona2,606 2,053
Nevada2,219 2,228
Texas1,856 1,999
Washington1,685 1,582
Total27,892 28,309
September 30, December 31,
2017 2016
Lots by Ownership Type:
Lots owned24,803 25,283
Lots controlled (1)3,089 3,026
Total27,892 28,309

__________
(1) As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, lots controlled included lots that were under land option contracts or purchase contracts.


RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(unaudited)

In this press release, we utilize certain financial measures that are non-GAAP financial measures as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission. We present these measures because we believe they and similar measures are useful to management and investors in evaluating the Company’s operating performance and financing structure. We also believe these measures facilitate the comparison of our operating performance and financing structure with other companies in our industry. Because these measures are not calculated in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), they may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.

The following tables reconcile homebuilding gross margin percentage, as reported and prepared in accordance with GAAP, to the non-GAAP measure adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage. We believe this information is meaningful as it isolates the impact that leverage has on homebuilding gross margin and permits investors to make better comparisons with our competitors, who adjust gross margins in a similar fashion.

Three Months Ended September 30,
2017 % 2016 %
(dollars in thousands)
Home sales revenue$648,638 100.0% $578,653 100.0%
Cost of home sales521,918 80.5% 462,323 79.9%
Homebuilding gross margin126,720 19.5% 116,330 20.1%
Add: interest in cost of home sales15,623 2.4% 14,385 2.5%
Add: impairments and lot option abandonments374 0.1% 389 0.1%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin$142,717 22.0% $131,104 22.7%
Homebuilding gross margin percentage19.5% 20.1%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage22.0% 22.7%


Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 % 2016 %
(dollars in thousands)
Home sales revenue$1,609,458 100.0% $1,558,633 100.0%
Cost of home sales1,294,563 80.4% 1,219,560 78.2%
Homebuilding gross margin314,895 19.6% 339,073 21.8%
Add: interest in cost of home sales38,448 2.4% 34,653 2.2%
Add: impairments and lot option abandonments1,169 0.1% 678 0.0%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin$354,512 22.0% $374,404 24.0%
Homebuilding gross margin percentage19.6% 21.8%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage22.0% 24.0%

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (continued)
(unaudited)

The following table reconciles the Company’s ratio of debt-to-capital to the non-GAAP ratio of net debt-to-net capital. We believe that the ratio of net debt-to-net capital is a relevant financial measure for management and investors to understand the leverage employed in our operations and as an indicator of the Company’s ability to obtain financing.

September 30, 2017 December 31, 2016
Unsecured revolving credit facility$200,000 $200,000
Seller financed loans 13,726
Senior notes1,469,558 1,168,307
Total debt1,669,558 1,382,033
Stockholders’ equity1,842,429 1,829,447
Total capital$3,511,987 $3,211,480
Ratio of debt-to-capital(1)47.5% 43.0%
Total debt$1,669,558 $1,382,033
Less: Cash and cash equivalents(162,396) (208,657)
Net debt1,507,162 1,173,376
Stockholders’ equity1,842,429 1,829,447
Net capital$3,349,591 $3,002,823
Ratio of net debt-to-net capital(2)45.0% 39.1%

__________
(1) The ratio of debt-to-capital is computed as the quotient obtained by dividing debt by the sum of debt plus equity.
(2) The ratio of net debt-to-net capital is computed as the quotient obtained by dividing net debt (which is debt less cash and cash equivalents) by the sum of net debt plus equity.

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (continued)
(unaudited)

The following table calculates the non-GAAP measures of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and reconciles those amounts to net income, as reported and prepared in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA means net income before (a) interest expense, (b) income taxes, (c) depreciation and amortization, (d) expensing of previously capitalized interest included in costs of home sales and (e) amortization of stock-based compensation. Adjusted EBITDA means EBITDA before (f) impairment and lot option abandonments and (g) restructuring charges. Other companies may calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (or similarly titled measures) differently. We believe EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are useful measures of the Company’s ability to service debt and obtain financing.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017 2016 2017 2016
(in thousands)
Net income available to common stockholders$72,264 $34,834 $113,171 $137,310
Interest expense:
Interest incurred22,865 18,601 61,669 50,030
Interest capitalized(22,865) (18,601) (61,669) (50,030)
Amortization of interest in cost of sales15,899 14,415 38,771 34,808
Provision for income taxes46,112 20,298 69,824 77,701
Depreciation and amortization867 866 2,567 2,322
Amortization of stock-based compensation 3,887 3,285 11,631 9,648
EBITDA139,029 73,698 235,964 261,789
Impairments and lot abandonments374 389 1,203 678
Restructuring charges147 128 588 478
Adjusted EBITDA$139,550 $74,215 $237,755 $262,945

Source:TRI Pointe Group Inc.