The world's second-largest economy announced its new leadership lineup on Wednesday after a week of closed-door meetings and internal voting. That lineup saw Xi once again at the top of the country's ruling party, and it was notable for the lack of an heir-apparent — indicating that Xi was not ceding any of his authority anytime soon.
"We believe this consolidation could increase the alignment of incentives between the central leadership and other officials, and thus could advance the process of economic reform and rebalancing," Moody's Investors Service said in the report.
Market watchers have long been concerned about the nation's debt-fueled growth, industrial overcapacity and capital outflows that could possibly spur a global economic crisis.
Some investors are hoping that a stronger Xi will now be able to push through bold economic and financial reforms that will prevent the economy from a shock. Ongoing efforts for sweeping changes have been hindered by concerns about social stability and conflicts of interest.
The recent Communist Party Congress also saw Xi's name added to the party's constitution — making him only the second in-office leader to have that honor. In effect, anyone who now questions Xi's authority is doubting the entire edifice of the Communist Party.
"[I]t remains unclear whether the increased centralization of authority will result in an acceleration of the pace of reform or a continuation of the gradual implementation of economic liberalization, which balances other policy objectives such as maintaining relatively strong growth and the strong role of state-owned enterprises observed in recent years," said Michael Taylor, Moody's chief credit officer for Asia Pacific, according to a release.
While Moody's is looking for either an increased or stable pace of reform, some doubt just how serious Beijing is about changing up its economy — given the short-term societal costs that would be associated with liberalizing state-dominated markets.