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The Advisory Board Company Reports Third Quarter 2017 Results

WASHINGTON, Nov. 8, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The Advisory Board Company (NASDAQ: ABCO) today announced financial results for the third quarter and nine-month period ended September 30, 2017.

Third Quarter Financial Review

(In millions, except per share amounts)


Q3-17

Q3-16

% Change

Revenue


$ 183.1

$ 200.5

(8.6)%

Net income


0.7

37.5

nm

Earnings per diluted share (EPS)


0.02

0.93

nm

Adjusted Revenue (non-GAAP) a


182.8

196.8

(7.1)%

Adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP) a


34.5

40.4

(14.4)%

Adjusted EPS (non-GAAP) a


$ 0.27

$ 0.29

(6.9) %










a)

Excluded contribution from exited programs and impact of restructuring and other charges for current and prior year periods.

Revenue for the third quarter of 2017 was $183.1 million, compared to $200.5 million for the same quarter a year ago. The Company reported net income for the third quarter of 2017 of $0.7 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, compared to net income of $37.5 million, or $0.93 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2016. Results for the third quarter of 2017 included $12.8 million in restructuring and strategic alternative-related charges. Results for the third quarter of 2016 included a net gain of $34.7 million from the Company's investment in Evolent Health, Inc.

Adjusted revenue for the third quarter of 2017 was $182.8 million, compared to adjusted revenue of $196.8 million for the same quarter a year ago. Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter of 2017 was $34.5 million, compared to $40.4 million for the third quarter of 2016. Adjusted EPS was $0.27 for the third quarter of 2017, compared to $0.29 for the third quarter last year.

Nine-Month Financial Review

(In millions, except per share amounts)


First Nine
Months 2017

First Nine
Months 2016

% Change

Revenue


$ 578.0

$ 599.6

(3.6)%

Net income


35.1

55.4

(36.6)%

Earnings per diluted share (EPS)


0.85

1.35

nm

Adjusted revenue (non-GAAP) b


576.7

586.0

(1.6)%

Adjusted EBITDA (non-GAAP) b


123.8

133.4

(7.2)%

Adjusted EPS (non-GAAP) b


$ 1.11

$ 1.19

(6.7)%










b)

Excluded contribution from exited programs and impact of restructuring and other charges for current and prior year periods.

Revenue for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017 was $578.0 million, compared to $599.6 million for the nine-month period a year ago. Net income was $35.1 million, or $0.85 per diluted share, for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017, compared to net income of $55.4 million, or $1.35 per diluted share, for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2016. Results for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017 included $39.0 million in restructuring and strategic alternative-related charges and a net gain of $46.3 million from the Company's investment in Evolent Health, Inc. Results for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2016 included a net gain of $34.3 million from the Company's investment in Evolent Health, Inc.

Adjusted revenue for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017 was $576.7 million, compared to adjusted revenue of $586.0 million for the same period a year ago. Adjusted EBITDA for the nine-month period of 2017 was $123.8 million compared to $133.4 million for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2016. Adjusted EPS was $1.11 for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2017, compared to $1.19 for the nine-month period last year.

Financial Guidance and Conference Call

The Company is not updating financial guidance for 2017 and will not host a conference call to discuss its financial results due to its announcement on August 29, 2017 of its entry into a definitive merger agreement and a definitive education purchase agreement to sell its health care and education businesses to Optum and Vista Equity Partners, respectively.

About The Advisory Board Company

The Advisory Board Company is a best practices firm that uses a combination of research, technology, and consulting to improve the performance of approximately 5,700 health care organizations and educational institutions. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., with offices worldwide, The Advisory Board Company forges and finds the best new ideas and proven practices from its network of thousands of leaders, then customizes and hardwires them into every level of member organizations, creating enduring value.

Advisory Board, the health care business of The Advisory Board Company, is a best practices firm that uses a combination of research, technology and consulting to improve the performance of more than 4,400 health care organizations. For more information, visit www.advisory.com.

EAB, the education business of The Advisory Board Company, is a best practices firm that uses a combination of research, technology and services to improve the performance of more than 1,200 educational institutions. For more information, visit www.eab.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This news release presents information about the Company's historical adjusted revenue, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income, and adjusted EPS, which are non-GAAP financial measures provided as a complement to the results provided in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). A reconciliation of each of the foregoing historical non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable historical GAAP financial measures is provided in the accompanying tables found at the end of this release for each of the fiscal periods indicated.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This communication includes "forward-looking statements" as defined under U.S. federal securities laws, including statements about the definitive agreements pursuant to which the Company will sell its health care and education businesses to Optum and Vista Equity Partners, respectively. Generally, the words "believe," "expect," "intend," "estimate," "anticipate," "plan," "project," "should," "will" and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements, which generally are not historical in nature. These statements are based on current plans, estimates and expectations that are subject to risks and uncertainties. We caution that actual results could differ materially from expected results, depending on the outcome of certain factors, including (i) the failure to satisfy the conditions to the completion of the foregoing transactions, including the sale of The Advisory Board Company's education business to Vista Equity Partners, approval of the proposed merger by The Advisory Board Company's stockholders and the receipt of regulatory approvals on the terms expected or on the anticipated schedule; (ii) the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstance that could give rise to the termination of the merger agreement or the education purchase agreement; (iii) the occurrence of a material adverse change regarding The Advisory Board Company or its health care business or its education business; (iv) the failure to complete the transactions; (v) the incurrence of operating costs, customer loss and business disruption (including, without limitation, difficulties in maintaining relationships with employees, customers, clients or suppliers) that may be greater than expected; (vi) the retention of certain key employees at The Advisory Board Company; (vii) the parties' ability to meet expectations regarding the timing, completion and accounting and tax treatments of the transactions; (viii) risks related to the diversion of management attention from ongoing business operations; (ix) the outcome of any legal proceedings that may be instituted against UnitedHealth Group, Optum, The Advisory Board Company or Vista Equity Partners related to the transactions; (x) changes in economic conditions, financial markets, interest rates, political conditions or changes in federal or state laws or regulations; (xi) changes in the market price of Evolent Health, Inc.'s Class A common stock; and (xii) the other factors relating to The Advisory Board Company discussed in "Risk Factors" in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the most recently ended fiscal year, and in its other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), all of which are available at http://www.sec.gov. The Advisory Board Company does not assume any obligation to update or revise this communication as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by applicable law. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof.

THE ADVISORY BOARD COMPANY

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

AND OTHER OPERATING STATISTICS

(In thousands, except per share data)


















Three Months Ended




Nine Months Ended






September 30,




September 30,






2017


2016


% Change


2017


2016


% Change

Statements of Income

(unaudited)


(unaudited)




(unaudited)


(unaudited)



Revenue (1)

$ 183,126


$ 200,455


-8.6%


$ 577,964


$ 599,572


-3.6%















Cost of services, excluding depreciation and amortization (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

95,849


104,215


-8.0%


296,279


296,604


-0.1%

Member relations and marketing (2) (3) (4)

31,359


32,706


-4.1%


97,455


97,819


-0.4%

General and administrative (1) (2) (3) (4)

41,416


32,227


28.5%


124,979


96,274


29.8%

Depreciation and amortization (1) (6)

20,479


19,173


6.8%


64,458


57,857


11.4%

Operating (loss) income

(5,977)


12,134




(5,207)


51,018



Other expense












Interest expense

(4,638)


(4,530)


2.4%


(13,868)


(13,738)


0.9%

Other (expense) income, net

436


(1,516)


-128.8%


579


(2,380)





Total other expense, net

(4,202)


(6,046)




(13,289)


(16,118)



(Loss) income before benefit (provision) for income taxes












and gain (loss) from equity method investments

(10,179)


6,088




(18,496)


34,900



Benefit (provision) for income taxes

3,908


(3,279)




7,313


(13,812)



Gains from equity method investments

6,956


34,729




46,269


34,284



Net income

$ 685


$ 37,538


-98.2%


$ 35,086


$ 55,372


-36.6%















Net income per share













Basic

$ 0.02


$ 0.94


-98.2%


$ 0.87


$ 1.36


-36.4%


Diluted

$ 0.02


$ 0.93


-98.2%


$ 0.85


$ 1.35


-37.3%















Weighted average common shares outstanding













Basic

40,706


40,102


1.5%


40,517


40,651


-0.3%


Diluted

41,634


40,492


2.8%


41,381


40,977


1.0%





























Percentages of Revenue












Cost of services, excluding depreciation and amortization (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

52.3%


52.0%




51.3%


49.5%



Member relations and marketing (2) (3) (4)

17.1%


16.3%




16.9%


16.3%



General and administrative (1) (2) (3) (4)

22.6%


16.1%




21.6%


16.1%



Depreciation and amortization (1) (6)

11.2%


9.6%




11.2%


9.6%



Operating income

-3.3%


6.1%




-0.9%


8.5%



Net income

0.4%


18.7%




6.1%


9.2%





















































(1)

Amounts include exited programs, as follows:




























Revenue

279


3,624




1,246


13,613





Cost of services

1,018


2,991




6,755


10,969





General and administrative

-


-




2


-





Depreciation and amortization

1,554


531




4,666


1,506

















(2)

Amounts include restructuring and strategic alternative charges, as follows:




























Cost of services

1,056


-




5,395


-





Member relations and marketing

178


-




568


-





General and administrative

11,601


-




33,001


-

















(3)

Amounts include stock-based compensation, as follows:




























Cost of services

1,743


2,443




4,830


7,123





Member relations and marketing

1,122


1,342




3,403


3,843





General and administrative

2,741


4,182




8,699


11,948

















(4)

Amounts include build-to-suit land rent, as follows:




























Cost of services

479


445




1,415


1,348





Member relations and marketing

301


329




916


984





General and administrative

151


157




462


469





























(5)

Amounts include fair value adjustments of acquisition-related earn-out liabilities, as follows:




























Cost of services

(73)


788




379


1,493

















(6)

Amounts include amortization of acquisition-related intangibles, as follows:




























Depreciation and amortization

6,555


7,026




19,955


21,425

















THE ADVISORY BOARD COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)








September 30,


December 31,



2017


2016



(unaudited)



ASSETS





Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents


$ 151,458


$ 91,151

Membership fees receivable, net


527,387


605,517

Prepaid expenses and other current assets


27,525


18,965

Total current assets


706,370


715,633






Property and equipment, net


147,181


171,281

Construction in progress


148,019


63,368

Intangible assets, net


239,745


255,053

Deferred incentive compensation and other charges


52,425


72,178

Goodwill


737,023


739,507

Equity method investments


20,699


19,858

Total assets


$ 2,051,462


$ 2,036,878






LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY





Current liabilities:





Deferred revenue, current


$ 514,516


$ 564,237

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


54,652


67,702

Accrued incentive compensation


18,686


25,521

Debt, current


70,978


49,347

Total current liabilities


658,832


706,807






Deferred revenue, net of current portion


139,021


170,357

Deferred income taxes


91,352


89,013

Debt, net of current portion


415,902


472,739

Financing obligation


148,019


63,368

Other long-term liabilities


22,825


17,550

Total liabilities


1,475,951


1,519,834






Stockholders' equity:





Common stock


408


402

Additional paid-in capital


805,964


782,399

Accumulated deficit


(231,878)


(266,218)

Accumulated other comprehensive income


1,017


461

Total stockholders' equity


575,511


517,044






Total liabilities and stockholders' equity


$ 2,051,462


$ 2,036,878






THE ADVISORY BOARD COMPANY

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)








Nine Months Ended September 30,



2017


2016

Cash flows from operating activities:





Net income


$ 35,086


$ 55,372

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided





by operating activities:





Depreciation and amortization


64,458


57,857

Amortization of debt issuance costs


835


864

Deferred income taxes


5,847


(9,776)

Excess tax benefit from stock-based awards


(518)


(3,925)

Stock-based compensation expense


16,931


22,914

Loss on cost method investment


-


1,800

Gains from equity method investments


(3,957)


(4,605)

Gain on partial sale of equity method investment


(42,312)


(29,679)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities (net of the effect of acquisition):





Membership fees receivable


78,129


(16,460)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets


(8,500)


12,098

Deferred incentive compensation and other charges


20,396


14,495

Deferred revenue


(81,057)


(17,382)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


(36,989)


(9,898)

Acquisition-related earn-out payments


(196)


(1,432)

Accrued incentive compensation


(6,836)


(17,047)

Other long-term liabilities


3,792


1,263

Net cash provided by operating activities


45,109


56,459






Cash flows from investing activities:





Purchases of property and equipment


(23,224)


(34,808)

Capitalized external-use software development costs


(1,826)


(2,434)

Cash paid for acquisitions


-


(1,900)

Cash received from partial sale of equity method investment


71,871


48,565

Net cash provided by investing activities


46,821


9,423






Cash flows from financing activities:





Proceeds from debt


-


17,000

Paydown of debt


(35,937)


(38,562)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock from exercise of stock options


9,980


3,337

Withholding of shares to satisfy minimum employee tax withholding


(5,752)


(3,473)

Proceeds from issuance of stock under employee stock purchase plan


272


370

Acquisition-related earn-out payments


(186)


(3,600)

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards


-


3,925

Purchases of treasury stock


-


(61,616)

Net cash used in financing activities


(31,623)


(82,619)






Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents


60,307


(16,737)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period


91,151


71,825

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period


$ 151,458


$ 55,088

THE ADVISORY BOARD COMPANY

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS AND RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES (UNAUDITED)

(In thousands, except per share data)


















Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended


September 30,


September 30,


2017


2016


2017


2016









Revenue

$ 183,126


$ 200,455


$ 577,964


$ 599,572

Less: Revenue from exited programs

279


3,624


1,246


13,613

Adjusted revenue

$ 182,847


$ 196,831


$ 576,718


$ 585,959


















Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended


September 30,


September 30,


2017


2016


2017


2016









Net income

$ 685


$ 37,538


$ 35,086


$ 55,372

(Gains) from equity method investments

(6,956)


(34,729)


(46,269)


(34,284)

(Benefit) provision for income taxes

(3,908)


3,279


(7,313)


13,812

Interest expense

4,638


4,530


13,868


13,738

Other expense (income), net

(436)


1,516


(579)


2,380

Depreciation and amortization

20,479


19,173


64,458


57,857

Fair value adjustment to acquisition-related earn-out liabilities

(73)


788


379


1,493

Build-to-suit land rent

931


931


2,793


2,801

Stock-based compensation expense

5,606


7,967


16,932


22,914

Loss (income) from exited programs

2,293


(102)


10,177


(1,138)

Depreciation and amortization from exited programs

(1,554)


(531)


(4,666)


(1,506)

Restructuring and strategic alternative charges

12,835


-


38,964


-

Adjusted EBITDA

$ 34,540


$ 40,360


$ 123,830


$ 133,439









THE ADVISORY BOARD COMPANY

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS AND RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES (UNAUDITED)

(In thousands, except per share data)


















Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended


September 30,


September 30,


2017


2016


2017


2016

Net income

$ 685


$ 37,538


$ 35,086


$ 55,372

(Gains) from equity method investments

(6,956)


(34,729)


(46,269)


(34,284)

Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles

6,555


7,026


19,955


21,425

Fair value adjustment to acquisition-related earn-out liabilities

(73)


788


379


1,493

Loss on cost method investment

-


1,800


-


1,800

Build-to-suit land rent

931


931


2,793


2,801

Stock-based compensation expense

5,606


7,967


16,932


22,914

Loss (income) from exited programs

2,293


(102)


10,177


(1,138)

Restructuring and strategic alternative charges

12,835


-


38,964


-

Income tax effects and adjustments

(10,806)


(9,916)


(32,402)


(21,247)

Adjusted net income

$ 11,070


$ 11,303


$ 45,615


$ 49,136










Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended


September 30,


September 30,


2017


2016


2017


2016

Net income per share - diluted

$ 0.02


$ 0.93


$ 0.85


$ 1.35

(Gains) from equity method investments

(0.17)


(0.86)


(1.12)


(0.84)

Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles

0.16


0.18


0.48


0.52

Fair value adjustment to acquisition-related earn-out liabilities

-


0.02


0.01


0.04

Loss on cost method investment

-


0.04


-


0.04

Build-to-suit land rent

0.02


0.02


0.07


0.07

Stock-based compensation expense

0.13


0.20


0.41


0.56

Loss (income) from exited programs

0.06


-


0.25


(0.03)

Restructuring and strategic alternative charges

0.31


-


0.94


-

Income tax effects and adjustments

(0.26)


(0.24)


(0.78)


(0.52)

Non-GAAP adjusted earnings per share

$ 0.27


$ 0.29


$ 1.11


$ 1.19









Non-GAAP Financial Presentation

The non-GAAP financial reconciliation tables present supplemental measures of the Company's performance which have been derived from its consolidated financial information but which are not presented in the Company's consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or "GAAP." The Company refers to these financial measures, which are considered "non-GAAP financial measures" under SEC rules as adjusted revenue, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income, and non-GAAP earnings per diluted share.

The Company's management team uses these non-GAAP financial measures, together with financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, to enhance understanding by investors of core operating performance, as well as for internal forecasting purposes. Management believes that providing information about these non-GAAP financial measures facilitates an assessment by investors of the Company's fundamental operating trends and addresses concerns of investors that various non-cash and other effects included in GAAP measures may obscure such underlying trends. The Company believes that, by highlighting such trends relating to underlying performance, its non-GAAP presentation helps investors to make meaningful period-to-period comparisons of the Company's results.

There are limitations to the Company's use of non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Other companies, including industry peer companies, may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than the Company does, limiting the usefulness of those measures for comparative purposes.

The Company's non-GAAP financial measures exclude the items discussed below. Because the excluded items have a material impact on its financial results, the Company uses non-GAAP financial measures to supplement financial information presented in accordance with GAAP.

Reconciliations of each non-GAAP financial measure to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure are set forth below. The Company encourages investors and other interested parties to review the reconciliations in conjunction with the presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures for each of the periods presented. The discussion below presents information about each of the non-GAAP financial measures and the Company's reasons for excluding the enumerated items from its non-GAAP results. In future fiscal periods, the Company may exclude such items and may incur income and expenses similar to these excluded items. Accordingly, the exclusion of these items and other similar items in the Company's non-GAAP presentation should not be interpreted as implying that these items are non-recurring, infrequent or unusual.

The Company has not reconciled forward-looking non-GAAP measures to forward-looking GAAP measures presented in this press release because the Company is unable to predict, without unreasonable effort, GAAP measures of (i) revenue and loss (income) from exited programs, (ii) fair value adjustments to acquisition-related earn-out liabilities, (iii) restructuring activities, and (iv) gains (losses) from the Company's equity method investments. These items, which could materially affect the computation of such forward-looking GAAP measures, are inherently uncertain and depend on various factors, many of which are outside the Company's control.

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings Per Share-Diluted

The Company presents adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share-diluted to provide investors with a meaningful, consistent comparison of the Company's operating results and trends for the periods presented. Management believes that these measures are also useful to investors by allowing investors to evaluate the Company's operations using the same tools that management uses to evaluate the Company's past performance and prospects for future performance. These two non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the exclusion of the following items as well as adjustments for related income tax effects:

  • Gain (loss) from equity method investments: The Company has excluded its proportional share of income (loss) and other gains recorded in connection with its equity method investments. Management believes that the exclusion of such amounts allows investors to better understand the Company's core operating results.
  • Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets: Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets consists of amortization of customer relationships, developed technology, and trade names. Amortization charges for acquired intangible assets are significantly affected by the timing and magnitude of the Company's acquisitions, and these charges may vary in amount from period to period. The Company excludes these charges to facilitate a more meaningful evaluation of its current operating performance and comparisons to its past operating performance.
  • Fair value adjustments to acquisition-related earn-out liabilities: The Company has excluded the impact of acquisition-related contingent consideration non-cash adjustments due to the inherent uncertainty and volatility associated with such amounts based on changes in assumptions with respect to fair value estimates. The amount and frequency of such adjustments are not consistent across transactions and are significantly affected by the timing and size of the Company's acquisitions, the future outlook of the acquired business, the estimated discount rate, and the nature of the transaction consideration.
  • Build-to-suit land rent: The Company entered into a 16-year lease for its new corporate headquarters in December 2015, which is currently being constructed in Washington, D.C. The lease has an anticipated start date of mid-2019. The Company has concluded that it is the deemed owner of the building (for accounting purposes only) during the construction period and that the lease qualifies for build-to-suit accounting. The Company recognizes expense on a portion of future lease payments that are estimated to represent the underlying land lease. The Company excludes these costs for purposes of calculating non-GAAP measures because the Company believes these costs do not reflect expected future operating expenses and do not contribute to a meaningful evaluation of the Company's current operating performance or comparisons to the Company's operating performance in other periods.
  • Stock-based compensation expense: Although stock-based compensation is a key incentive offered to its employees, the Company evaluates its operating results excluding such expense because the expense can vary significantly from period to period based on the Company's share price, as well as the timing, size and nature of equity awards granted. In addition, management believes that the exclusion of this expense facilitates the ability of investors to compare the Company's operating results with those of other companies, many of which also exclude such expense in determining their non-GAAP financial measures.
  • Restructuring and strategic alternative charges: The Company has excluded costs associated with its previously announced restructuring plan and its work on strategic alternatives. These costs of its restructuring and strategic alternatives plan are primarily related to employee termination costs and lease exit costs, as well as legal, consulting, and financial advisory fees. The Company excludes these restructuring and strategic alternative costs for purposes of calculating non-GAAP measures because the Company believes that these costs do not reflect expected future operating expenses and do not contribute to a meaningful evaluation of the Company's current operating performance or comparisons to the Company's operating performance in other periods.
  • Income (loss) from exited programs: The Company has excluded income (loss) from programs it has exited or intends to exit in connection with its restructuring and strategic alternatives plan. The excluded items encompass revenue and costs, including salary and benefits. The Company believes that the exclusion of such amounts allows investors to better understand the Company's core continuing operations.
  • Other corporate expenses: The Company has excluded certain other expenses that are the result of other, non-comparable events, primarily charges associated with the fair valuing of certain equity instruments. These events arise outside of the ordinary course of the Company's continuing operations. The Company excludes these charges to facilitate a more meaningful evaluation of current operating performance and comparisons to past operating performance.

Adjusted Revenue

The Company adjusts revenue to exclude the impact of exited programs. Management believes that the adjustments for these items more closely correlate the reported financial measure with the ordinary and ongoing course of the Company's operations.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA reflects the adjustments to net income prepared on a GAAP basis, as discussed above, and, to the extent not already subject to such adjustments, excludes expenses related to interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, gain or loss from exited programs, and restructuring-related charges. Companies exhibit significant variations with respect to capital structure and cost of capital (which affect relative interest expense) and differences in taxation and book depreciation of facilities and equipment (which affect relative depreciation expense), including significant differences in the depreciable lives of similar assets among various companies. By eliminating some of these variations and reflecting the other adjustments, discussed above, management believes that this non-GAAP financial measure allows investors to evaluate more effectively the Company's fundamental operating performance relative to that of other companies.

There are various limitations associated with the non-GAAP financial measures the Company uses, including:

  • the non-GAAP financial measures generally do not reflect all depreciation and amortization, and although the assets being depreciated and amortized will in some cases have to be replaced in the future, the measures do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
  • the non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect the expense of equity awards to employees; and
  • the non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect the effect of earnings or charges resulting from matters that management considers not indicative of the Company's ongoing operations, but which may recur from year to year.

Because of their limitations, the Company's non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered as indicators of performance in isolation from or as a substitute for revenue, net income, or earnings per diluted share prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should be read only in conjunction with financial information presented on a GAAP basis.

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SOURCE The Advisory Board Company