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Splunk Inc. Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2018 Financial Results

Total Revenues Grew 34%; Company Boosts Full Year Outlook

SAN FRANCISCO--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Splunk Inc. (NASDAQ: SPLK), first in delivering “aha” moments from machine data, today announced results for its fiscal third quarter ended October 31, 2017.

Third Quarter 2018 Financial Highlights

  • Total revenues were $328.7 million, up 34% year-over-year.
  • Total billings were $381.6 million, up 38% year-over-year.
  • GAAP operating loss was $50.8 million; GAAP operating margin was negative 15.5%.
  • Non-GAAP operating profit was $32.3 million; non-GAAP operating margin was positive 9.8%.
  • GAAP loss per share was $0.36; non-GAAP earnings per share was $0.17.
  • Operating cash flow was $52.3 million with free cash flow of $46.9 million.

“I’m proud of our global performance for the quarter and our increased outlook through the rest of the year,” said Doug Merritt, President and CEO, Splunk. “Splunk announced a wide range of innovations at .conf2017 including native support for metrics and machine learning updates to Splunk® Enterprise and Splunk Cloud; new event analytics capabilities in Splunk IT Service Intelligence; new content updates for Splunk Enterprise Security; and a host of new use case-specific solutions. Splunk customers are seizing upon the growing opportunity machine data presents and only Splunk can help them get answers on-premises, in the cloud or across hybrid environments.”

Third Quarter 2018 and Recent Business Highlights:

Customers:

  • Signed more than 450 new enterprise customers.
  • New and Expansion Customers Include: 21st Century Fox, Arizona State University, ATB Financial, Atlassian, Banner Health, BCD Travel, Blackbaud, Blucora, CallidusCloud, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Daimler (Germany), Deakin University (Australia), Defense Health Agency, Derbyshire Fire & Rescue (England), The E.W. Scripps Company, Johns Hopkins University, Li & Fung (Hong Kong), Nutanix, Norsk Helsenett (Norway), PIMCO, Purdue University, SAS, Smithsonian Institution, Texas Department of Transportation, U.S. Army, U.S. Department of Homeland Security Data Center, Vodafone Egypt, Yahoo! JAPAN

Products:

Corporate:

  • Acquired selected assets of Rocana Inc., a company providing analytics solutions for the IT market, to extend Splunk’s IT operations leadership.
  • Acquired SignalSense Inc., a company offering cloud-based advanced data collection and breach detection solutions, further advancing Splunk’s machine learning capabilities.
  • Showcased flexible pricing programs tailored to fit the needs of all customers and deliver value no matter where organizations are in their Splunk journey.
  • Unveiled new, free training programs to help military veterans and youth train for careers in technology through Splunk4Good in partnership with nonprofits AWS re:Start, NPower, Wounded Warrior Project and Year Up.
  • Inducted 42 members of the 2018 cohort of the SplunkTrust program to recognize some of the most dedicated members of the Splunk Community.

Strategic and Channel Partners:

Recognition:

Events:

  • Hosted .conf2017: the 8th Annual Splunk Conference in Washington, drawing more than 7,000 Splunk enthusiasts, customers and partners.
  • Honored the winners of the 2017 Revolution Awards at .conf2017, recognizing spectacular achievements from Splunk’s worldwide customers and partners.
  • Hosted the first-ever SplunkLive! in Montreal and additional SplunkLive! events in cities worldwide, including Beijing, Seattle, Shanghai and Singapore. Presentations can be found on the SplunkLive! website.

Appointments:

  • Appointed Sara Baack, chief marketing officer of Equinix, and Elisa Steele, former CEO and president of Jive Software, to Splunk’s Board of Directors.
  • Promoted Susan St. Ledger to the newly created role of president, worldwide field operations.

Financial Outlook

The company is providing the following guidance for its fiscal fourth quarter 2018 (ending January 31, 2018):

  • Total revenues are expected to be between $388 million and $390 million.
  • Non-GAAP operating margin is expected to be approximately 16%.

The company is updating its previous guidance provided on August 24, 2017 for its fiscal year 2018 (ending January 31, 2018):

  • Total billings are expected to be approximately $1.485 billion (was approximately $1.450 billion).
  • Total revenues are expected to be between $1.239 and $1.241 billion (was between $1.210 and $1.215 billion).
  • Non-GAAP operating margin is expected to be approximately 8.5% (was approximately 8%).

The company is providing the following guidance for its fiscal year 2019 (ending January 31, 2019):

  • Total revenues are expected to be approximately $1.550 billion.
  • Non-GAAP operating margin is expected to be approximately 10.5%.

All forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures contained in this section “Financial Outlook” exclude estimates for expenses related to stock-based compensation and related employer payroll tax, amortization of acquired intangible assets, adjustments related to a financing lease obligation, adjustments related to facility exits and acquisition-related adjustments.

A reconciliation of non-GAAP guidance measures to corresponding GAAP measures is not available on a forward-looking basis without unreasonable effort due to the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, many of the excluded costs and expenses that may be incurred in the future. The company has provided a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures in the financial statement tables for its fiscal third quarter 2018 non-GAAP results included in this press release.

Conference Call and Webcast

Splunk’s executive management team will host a conference call today beginning at 1:30 p.m. PT (4:30 p.m. ET) to discuss the company’s financial results and business highlights. Interested parties may access the call by dialing (866) 501-1535. International parties may access the call by dialing (216) 672-5582. A live audio webcast of the conference call will be available through Splunk’s Investor Relations website at http://investors.splunk.com/events.cfm. A replay of the call will be available through November 23, 2017 by dialing (855) 859-2056 and referencing Conference ID 8994427.

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including statements regarding Splunk’s revenue, billings, and non-GAAP operating margin targets for the company’s fiscal fourth quarter, fiscal year 2018 and/or fiscal year 2019 in the paragraphs under “Financial Outlook” above and other statements regarding future growth, strategy, including with respect to our acquisitions, pricing programs and their expected benefits, our partner programs and their expected benefits, customer demand and penetration, expanding use of Splunk by customers, size of machine data opportunity, Splunk’s ability to capture market share, and expected benefits of new products and product innovations as well as existing products and services. There are a significant number of factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from statements made in this press release, including: Splunk’s limited operating history and experience developing and introducing new products, including its cloud offerings; risks associated with Splunk’s rapid growth, particularly outside of the United States; Splunk’s inability to realize value from its significant investments in its business, including product and service innovations; Splunk’s transition to a multi-product software and services business; Splunk’s inability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies; and general market, political, economic, business and competitive market conditions.

Additional information on potential factors that could affect Splunk’s financial results is included in the company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended July 31, 2017, which is on file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Splunk does not assume any obligation to update the forward-looking statements provided to reflect events that occur or circumstances that exist after the date on which they were made.

About Splunk Inc.

Splunk Inc. (NASDAQ: SPLK) turns machine data into answers. Organizations use market-leading Splunk solutions with machine learning to solve their toughest IT, Internet of Things and security challenges. Join millions of passionate users and discover your “aha” moment with Splunk today: http://www.splunk.com.

Social Media: Twitter | LinkedIn | YouTube | Facebook

Splunk, Splunk>, Listen to Your Data, The Engine for Machine Data, Splunk Cloud, Splunk Light and SPL are trademarks and registered trademarks of Splunk Inc. in the United States and other countries. All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective owners. © 2017 Splunk Inc. All rights reserved.

SPLUNK INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
October 31, October 31, October 31, October 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Revenues
License $ 179,829 $ 139,725 $ 439,406 $ 356,412
Maintenance and services 148,824 105,064 411,659 287,082
Total revenues 328,653 244,789 851,065 643,494
Cost of revenues
License 3,013 2,883 9,100 8,713
Maintenance and services 61,154 45,791 173,106 124,077
Total cost of revenues 64,167 48,674 182,206 132,790
Gross profit 264,486 196,115 668,859 510,704
Operating expenses
Research and development 74,080 85,659 217,152 220,254
Sales and marketing 205,364 167,330 570,596 462,709

General and administrative

35,857 34,079 111,492 100,464
Total operating expenses 315,301 287,068 899,240 783,427
Operating loss (50,815 ) (90,953 ) (230,381 ) (272,723 )
Interest and other income (expense), net
Interest income (expense), net 270 (823 ) (422 ) (2,023 )
Other income (expense), net (289 ) (348 ) (1,771 ) (2,536 )

Total interest and other income (expense), net

(19 ) (1,171 ) (2,193 ) (4,559 )
Loss before income taxes (50,834 ) (92,124 ) (232,574 ) (277,282 )
Income tax provision (benefit) (232 ) 1,367 1,459 3,702
Net loss $ (50,602 ) $ (93,491 ) $ (234,033 ) $ (280,984 )
Basic and diluted net loss per share $ (0.36 ) $ (0.69 ) $ (1.68 ) $ (2.11 )

Weighted-average shares used in computing basic and diluted net loss per share

140,413 134,677 139,111 133,273
SPLUNK INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
October 31, January 31,
2017 2017
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 393,314 $ 421,346
Investments, current portion 665,075 662,096
Accounts receivable, net 264,497 238,281
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 44,545 38,650
Total current assets 1,367,431 1,360,373
Investments, non-current 5,000

5,000
Property and equipment, net 161,249

166,395
Intangible assets, net 52,434

37,713
Goodwill 161,382

124,642
Other assets 28,284

24,423
Total assets $ 1,775,780

$ 1,718,546
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable $ 12,409

$ 7,503
Accrued payroll and compensation 115,733

100,092
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 74,680

81,071
Deferred revenue, current portion 516,401

478,707
Total current liabilities 719,223

667,373
Deferred revenue, non-current 185,712

146,752
Other liabilities, non-current 99,140

99,260
Total non-current liabilities 284,852

246,012
Total liabilities 1,004,075

913,385
Stockholders' equity
Common stock 141

137
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (2,074 )

(3,013 )
Additional paid-in capital 2,028,455

1,828,821
Accumulated deficit (1,254,817 )

(1,020,784 )
Total stockholders' equity 771,705

805,161
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 1,775,780

$ 1,718,546
SPLUNK INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
October 31, October 31, October 31, October 31,

2017

2016 2017 2016
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss $ (50,602 ) $ (93,491 ) $ (234,033 ) $ (280,984 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 10,123 8,279 30,039 22,914
Amortization of investment premiums 31 173 373 620
Stock-based compensation 84,111 105,014 266,533 285,247
Deferred income taxes (1,811 ) 78 (2,677 ) (620 )
Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans - 476 - (551 )
Non-cash facility exit adjustment (5,191 ) - (5,191 ) -
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable, net (56,415 ) (41,227 ) (26,216 ) 9,176
Prepaid expenses, other current and non-current assets (618 ) (4,951 ) (8,501 ) (8,128 )
Accounts payable 2,956 1,265 4,919 1,530
Accrued payroll and compensation 21,890 18,447 15,626 (12,538 )
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (5,100 ) 19,413 (693 ) 32,992
Deferred revenue 52,913 31,796 76,654 49,652
Net cash provided by operating activities 52,287 45,272 116,833 99,310
Cash flow from investing activities
Purchases of investments (177,207 ) (207,255 ) (517,904 ) (523,783 )
Maturities of investments 175,745 156,000 514,010 446,275
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (42,127 ) - (59,350 ) -
Purchases of property and equipment (5,418 ) (12,969 ) (13,931 ) (27,219 )
Other investment activities - - - (3,500 )
Net cash used in investing activities (49,007 ) (64,224 ) (77,175 ) (108,227 )
Cash flow from financing activities
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options 501 1,752 2,474 7,355
Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans - (476 ) - 551
Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan - - 19,282 15,183
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards (29,542 ) (26,533 ) (88,651 ) (73,355 )
Repayment of financing lease obligation (497 ) - (1,299 ) -
Net cash used in financing activities (29,538 ) (25,257 ) (68,194 ) (50,266 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (238 ) (147 ) 504 235
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (26,496 ) (44,356 ) (28,032 ) (58,948 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 419,810 409,949 421,346 424,541
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 393,314 $ 365,593 $ 393,314 $ 365,593

SPLUNK INC.
Non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations

To supplement Splunk’s condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), Splunk provides investors with certain non-GAAP financial measures, including non-GAAP cost of revenues, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP research and development expense, non-GAAP sales and marketing expense, non-GAAP general and administrative expense, non-GAAP operating income (loss), non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income (loss) and non-GAAP net income (loss) per share (collectively the “non-GAAP financial measures”). These non-GAAP financial measures exclude all or a combination of the following (as reflected in the following reconciliation tables): expenses related to stock-based compensation and related employer payroll tax, amortization of acquired intangible assets, adjustments related to a financing lease obligation, adjustments related to facility exits and acquisition-related adjustments, including the partial release of the valuation allowance due to acquisitions. The adjustments for the financing lease obligation are to reflect the expense Splunk would have recorded if its build-to-suit lease arrangement had been deemed an operating lease instead of a financing lease and is calculated as the net of actual ground lease expense, depreciation and interest expense over estimated straight-line rent expense. The non-GAAP financial measures are also adjusted for Splunk’s estimated tax rate on non-GAAP income (loss). To determine the annual non-GAAP tax rate, Splunk evaluates a financial projection based on its non-GAAP results. The annual non-GAAP tax rate takes into account other factors including Splunk’s current operating structure, its existing tax positions in various jurisdictions and key legislation in major jurisdictions where Splunk operates. The annual non-GAAP tax rate applied to the three and nine months ended October 31, 2017 was 27%. Splunk will utilize this annual non-GAAP tax rate in fiscal 2018 and will provide updates to this rate on an annual basis, or more frequently if material changes occur. In addition, non-GAAP financial measures include free cash flow, which represents cash from operations less purchases of property and equipment, and billings, which represents revenues plus the change in deferred revenue during the period. The presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Splunk uses these non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision-making purposes and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Splunk believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information about Splunk’s operating results, enhance the overall understanding of past financial performance and future prospects and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures facilitate comparisons to competitors’ operating results.

Splunk excludes stock-based compensation expense because it is non-cash in nature and excluding this expense provides meaningful supplemental information regarding Splunk’s operational performance and allows investors the ability to make more meaningful comparisons between Splunk’s operating results and those of other companies. Splunk excludes employer payroll tax expense related to employee stock plans in order for investors to see the full effect that excluding that stock-based compensation expense had on Splunk’s operating results. These expenses are tied to the exercise or vesting of underlying equity awards and the price of Splunk’s common stock at the time of vesting or exercise, which may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of Splunk’s business. Splunk also excludes amortization of acquired intangible assets, adjustments related to facility exits, acquisition-related costs, including the partial release of the valuation allowance due to acquisitions, and makes adjustments related to a financing lease obligation from its non-GAAP financial measures because these are considered by management to be outside of Splunk’s core operating results. Accordingly, Splunk believes that excluding these expenses provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of its business operations, facilitates comparison of its results with other periods and may also facilitate comparison with the results of other companies in its industry. Splunk considers free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business that can be used for strategic opportunities, including investing in its business, making strategic acquisitions and strengthening its balance sheet. Splunk considers billings to be a useful measure for management and investors because it provides visibility into Splunk’s sales activity for a particular period, which is not necessarily reflected in its revenues given that Splunk recognizes term licenses and subscriptions for cloud services ratably.

There are limitations in using non-GAAP financial measures because the non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by Splunk’s competitors and exclude expenses that may have a material impact upon Splunk’s reported financial results. Further, stock-based compensation expense has been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant recurring expense in Splunk’s business and an important part of the compensation provided to Splunk’s employees. The non-GAAP financial measures are meant to supplement and be viewed in conjunction with GAAP financial measures.

The following tables reconcile Splunk’s GAAP results to Splunk’s non-GAAP results included in this press release.

SPLUNK INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Reconciliation of Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow

Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
October 31, October 31, October 31, October 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net cash provided by operating activities $ 52,287 $ 45,272 $ 116,833 $ 99,310
Less purchases of property and equipment (5,418 ) (12,969 ) (13,931 ) (27,219 )
Free cash flow (non-GAAP) $ 46,869 $ 32,303 $ 102,902 $ 72,091
Net cash used in investing activities $ (49,007 ) $ (64,224 ) $ (77,175 ) $ (108,227 )
Net cash used in financing activities $ (29,538 ) $ (25,257 ) $ (68,194 ) $ (50,266 )

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Three Months Ended October 31, 2017

GAAP

Stock-based
compensation and
related employer
payroll tax

Amortization of
acquired
intangible assets

Adjustments
related to
financing lease
obligation

Adjustments
related to
facility exits

Acquisition-
related
adjustments

Income tax
effects related to
non-GAAP
adjustments (3)

Non-GAAP

Cost of revenues $ 64,167 $ (8,116) $ (2,873) $ 316 $ - $ - $ - $ 53,494
Gross margin 80.5% 2.4% 0.9% (0.1)% -% -% -% 83.7%
Research and development 74,080 (25,502) (130) 489 - - - 48,937
Sales and marketing 205,364 (37,789) (561) 1,170 - - - 168,184
General and administrative 35,857 (14,882) - 230 5,191 (643) - 25,753
Operating income (loss) (50,815) 86,289 3,564 (2,205) (5,191) 643 - 32,285
Operating margin (15.5)% 26.3% 1.1% (0.7)% (1.6)% 0.2% -% 9.8%
Income tax provision (232) - - - - 1,995 7,514 9,277
Net income (loss) $ (50,602) $ 86,289 $ 3,564 $ (111)

(2)

$ (5,191) $ (1,352) $ (7,514) $ 25,083
Net income (loss) per share(1) $ (0.36) $ 0.17
(1) GAAP net loss per share calculated based on 140,413 weighted-average shares of common stock. Non-GAAP net income per share calculated based on 144,415 diluted weighted-average shares of common stock, which includes 4,002 potentially dilutive shares related to employee stock awards. GAAP to non-GAAP net income (loss) per share is not reconciled due to the difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $2.1 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) Represents the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the estimated annual effective tax rate of 27%.

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Three Months Ended October 31, 2016

GAAP

Stock-based
compensation and
related employer
payroll tax

Amortization of
acquired
intangible assets

Adjustments
related to
financing lease
obligation

Income tax
effects related to
non-GAAP
adjustments(3)

Non-GAAP
Cost of revenues $ 48,674 $ (7,740) $ (2,814) $ 276 $ - $ 38,396
Gross margin 80.1% 3.2% 1.1% (0.1)% -% 84.3%
Research and development 85,659 (45,889) (63) 559 - 40,266
Sales and marketing 167,330 (39,462) (110) 1,124 - 128,882
General and administrative 34,079 (13,803) - 236 - 20,512
Operating income (loss) (90,953) 106,894 2,987 (2,195) - 16,733
Operating margin (37.2)% 43.7% 1.2% (0.9)% -% 6.8%
Income tax provision 1,367 - - - 2,336 3,703
Net income (loss) $ (93,491) $ 106,894 $ 2,987 $ (123)

(2)

$ (2,336) $ 13,931
Net income (loss) per share(1) $ (0.69) $ 0.10
(1) GAAP net loss per share calculated based on 134,677 weighted-average shares of common stock. Non-GAAP net income per share calculated based on 138,401 diluted weighted-average shares of common stock, which includes 3,724 potentially dilutive shares related to employee stock awards. GAAP to Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share is not reconciled due to the difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $2.1 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) For consistency, prior year non-GAAP net loss has been adjusted to reflect the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the annual effective tax rate of 21%.

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Nine Months Ended October 31, 2017

GAAP

Stock-based
compensation and
related employer
payroll tax

Amortization of
acquired
intangible assets

Adjustments
related to
financing lease
obligation

Adjustments
related to
facility exits

Acquisition-
related
adjustments

Income tax
effects related to
non-GAAP
adjustments (3)

Non-GAAP

Cost of revenues $ 182,206 $ (25,436) $ (8,392) $ 931 $ - $ - $ - $ 149,309
Gross margin 78.6% 3.0% 1.0% (0.1)% -% -% -% 82.5%
Research and development 217,152 (80,100) (213) 1,515 - - - 138,354
Sales and marketing 570,596 (124,041) (1,893) 3,514 - - - 448,176
General and administrative 111,492 (45,673) - 694 5,191 (643) - 71,061
Operating income (loss) (230,381) 275,250 10,498 (6,654) (5,191) 643 - 44,165
Operating margin (27.1)% 32.4% 1.2% (0.8)% (0.6)% 0.1% -% 5.2%
Income tax provision 1,459 - - - - 2,540 9,038 13,037
Net income (loss) $ (234,033) $ 275,250 $ 10,498 $ (339)

(2)

$ (5,191) $ (1,897) $ (9,038) $ 35,250
Net income (loss) per share(1) $ (1.68) $ 0.25
(1) GAAP net loss per share calculated based on 139,111 weighted-average shares of common stock. Non-GAAP net income per share calculated based on 143,552 diluted weighted-average shares of common stock, which includes 4,441 potentially dilutive shares related to employee stock awards. GAAP to non-GAAP net income (loss) per share is not reconciled due to the difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $6.3 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) Represents the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the estimated annual effective tax rate of 27%.

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Nine Months Ended October 31, 2016

GAAP

Stock-based
compensation and
related employer
payroll tax

Amortization of
acquired
intangible assets

Adjustments
related to
financing lease
obligation

Income tax
effects related to
non-GAAP
adjustments(3)

Non-GAAP
Cost of revenues $ 132,790 $ (23,075) $ (8,612) $ 561 $ - $ 101,664
Gross margin 79.4% 3.6% 1.3% (0.1)% -% 84.2%
Research and development 220,254 (104,269) (193) 1,172 - 116,964
Sales and marketing 462,709 (120,883) (412) 2,373 - 343,787
General and administrative 100,464 (43,448) - 513 - 57,529
Operating income (loss) (272,723) 291,675 9,217 (4,619) - 23,550
Operating margin (42.4)% 45.4% 1.4% (0.7)% -% 3.7%
Income tax provision 3,702 - - - 1,465 5,167
Net income (loss) $ (280,984) $ 291,675 $ 9,217 $ 994

(2)

$ (1,465) $ 19,437
Net income (loss) per share(1) $ (2.11) $ 0.14
(1) GAAP net loss per share calculated based on 133,273 weighted-average shares of common stock. Non-GAAP net income per share calculated based on 136,690 diluted weighted-average shares of common stock, which includes 3,417 potentially dilutive shares related to employee stock awards. GAAP to Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share is not reconciled due to the difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted weighted-average shares of common stock.
(2) Includes $5.6 million of interest expense related to the financing lease obligation.
(3) For consistency, prior year non-GAAP net loss has been adjusted to reflect the tax effect of the non-GAAP adjustments based on the annual effective tax rate of 21%.

Reconciliation of Total Billings

Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
October 31, October 31, October 31, October 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Total revenues $ 328,653 $ 244,789 $ 851,065 $ 643,494
Increase in deferred revenue 52,913 31,796 76,654 49,652
Billings (non-GAAP) $ 381,566 $ 276,585 $ 927,719 $ 693,146

View source version on businesswire.com: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20171116006317/en/

Media Contact
Splunk Inc.
Tom Stilwell, 415-852-5561
tstilwell@splunk.com
or
Investor Contact
Splunk Inc.
Ken Tinsley, 415-848-8476
ktinsley@splunk.com

Source: Splunk Inc.