SHANGHAI, Jan 5 (Reuters) - The Chinese currency, the yuan, was firmer against the U.S. dollar on Friday, capping its fourth consecutive week of gains, aided by China's solid economic data and tighter liquidity as well as expectations of more foreign capital inflows. In the spot market, the yuan opened at 6.4810 per dollar and was at 6.4851 by the 0830 GMT domestic close, scoring a four-week winning streak against the greenback. The offshore yuan was trading 0.10 percent away from the onshore spot at 6.4806 per dollar. Confidence in the yuan has been building up on signs of resilience in China's economy. A blizzard of data in coming weeks is expected to show China's economy ended a strong 2017 on a slightly softer note, but activity has likely remained more resilient than expected. Sources told Reuters China will keep its target for economic growth at "around 6.5 percent" in 2018, unchanged from last year. Analysts also attributed the yuan's strength to tighter liquidity conditions in China's financial system, which has kept interest rates elevated. China's benchmark 10-year government bond yield hovered near 4 percent, the highest in three years, compared with 2.45 percent for 10-year U.S. Treasuries, as Beijing's deleveraging campaign helped widen the spread. The yuan's recent performance is "perhaps reflective of the tight liquidity conditions onshore as well as optimism offshore about portfolio inflows," National Australia Bank wrote in a note. "Barring a strong recovery in the USD in pace and extent in coming weeks, capital flows may still be constructive for CNY and CNH and may push USD/CNY towards 6.45 immediate key support." Meanwhile, the U.S. currency's lack of traction was highlighted overnight as the dollar failed to draw support from the stronger-than-expected jobs report.
The yuan market at 10:05 GMT:
Item Current Previous Change PBOC midpoint 6.4915 6.5043 0.20% Spot yuan 6.4876 6.494 0.10% Divergence from -0.06%
Spot change YTD 7.08% Spot change since 2005 27.57%
Item Current Previous Change Thomson 96.05 96.07 0.0
Reuters/HKEX CNH index
Dollar index 92.029 91.853 0.2
*Divergence of the dollar/yuan exchange rate. Negative number indicates that spot yuan is trading stronger than the midpoint. The People's Bank of China (PBOC) allows the exchange rate to rise or fall 2 percent from official midpoint rate it sets each morning.
OFFSHORE CNH MARKET
Instrument Current Difference
Offshore spot yuan 6.4804 0.11% * Offshore 6.613 -1.84%
*Premium for offshore spot over onshore
**Figure reflects difference from PBOC's official midpoint, since non-deliverable forwards are settled against the midpoint. .
(Reporting by Samuel Shen and John Ruwitch; Editing by Jacqueline Wong)