Jan 18 (Reuters) - The U.S. Federal Reserve should raise interest rates about three times in both 2018 and 2019, Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank President Loretta Mester said on Thursday, a pace that is a bit faster than many of her fellow policymakers prefer.
Fueled both by consumer and business spending, the economy should grow at about a 2.5 percent pace this year, though the recently passed tax cuts could drive growth even faster and will continue to provide a lift to the economy next year as well, Mester said.
Unemployment, now at 4.1 percent, will sink below 4 percent by the end of the year, and inflation, now below the Fed's 2 percent target, will return to goal within a year or two, she forecast.
"If the economy evolves as I anticipate, I believe further increases in interest rates will be appropriate this year and next year, at a pace similar to last years," Mester said in remarks prepared for delivery to the Council for Economic Education in New York.
The rate increases will be gradual enough to allow inflation to reach the Fed's 2 percent goal, while keeping risks from building in the financial system that could lead to overheating, she said.
The Fed increased interest rates by 0.75 percentage point over the course of 2017, to a range of 1.25 percent to 1.5 percent. Policymakers expect to raise their target range another 0.75 percentage point this year and 0.5 percentage point next year, based on the median forecast in the Fed's latest projections, released in December.
Mester, who has a vote this year on monetary policy under a rotating system, said Thursday that the Trump administration's tax cuts will likely boost economic growth by a quarter to a half of a percentage point both this year and next, but the long-term impact is difficult to judge.
Mester's remarks on Thursday are likely her last public ones before Fed policymakers meet Jan. 30-31 to discuss interest rates. They are not expected to raise rates then, but to do so at their March meeting. (Reporting by Ann Saphir; Editing by Leslie Adler)