(Adds detail and analyst comment, updates share price)
Jan 24 (Reuters) - General Electric Co said on Wednesday that U.S. securities regulators are probing a massive insurance charge it announced last week, a write-off that produced a $10-billion loss in the latest quarter.
It was the latest blow to the nation's largest industrial conglomerate as it struggles to reverse steep declines in its power, capital and transportation divisions.
GE also forecast more weakness at its power business this year, a unit that produced 60 percent of GE's profits as recently as 2016.
GE affirmed its outlook for earnings of $1 to $1.07 a share in 2018. But some analysts were skeptical, having expected GE to lower the target in light of the insurance charge, suspension of GE Capital dividends and weakness in power.
GE also tried to tamp down talk about a break-up of the company. Chief Executive John Flannery said GE will continue to exist as a company, "but it will look different" as it sheds about $20 billion in assets and looks for the best structure to support its core business of power, aviation and healthcare.
"We really like the franchises we have in all three," Flannery said in remarks echoing another executive.
GE's disclosure of a U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission investigation likely worried investors, even though some analysts saw it as all but inevitable following a 43-percent drop in GE stock over the past year.
"If nothing else, board governance will be heightened and the auditors will sharpen the effort," said Scott Davis, analyst at Melius Research.
GE said the probe began in late November and focused on the long-term service agreements for maintenance of power plants, jet engines and other industrial equipment. The SEC recently expanded the inquiry to include a $6.2 billion charge and $15 billion in provisions for insurance policies that GE announced last week, GE said.
GE did not provide further details, but said it is cooperating with the investigation.
"It's very early days," Chief Financial Officer Jamie Miller said on a conference call with analysts, adding "there's nothing here I'm overly concerned about."
While the fourth-quarter results contained no other sizeable charges, they threw into stark relief how far the U.S. industrial conglomerate had veered from its outlook less than a year ago, when former Chief Executive Jeff Immelt predicted that sales would rise as much as 5 percent in 2017 and margins would expand by a full percentage point.
In fact, GE said, sales fell 1 percent to $122.1 billion in 2017 and operating profit margins contracted by 5.7 percentage points to 5.7 percent.
The results also indicated that GE's painful turnaround, which has sent its stock down 43 percent over the last year, likely has more months to run.
Shares were down 2 percent at $16.55 in morning trading in New York.
The stock had gained earlier, in part on relief that the company reaffirmed its 2018 profit forecast, RBC Capital Markets analyst Deane Dray said in a note to clients.
"Some short-covering could be triggered just on the news that GE reaffirmed 2018, but the gravity of its operating challenges especially at Power are likely to continue to pressure the stock over the near-term," he wrote.
GE kept unchanged its recent forecast for 2018 earnings of between $1.00 and $1.07 a share, which contrasts markedly with the $2 a share that Immelt had promised before being replaced as CEO in August.
GE's weakening performance largely reflected faster deterioration in GE's power business, where profit fell 88 percent in the quarter, after a 51-percent drop in the third quarter.
The division, which makes and services electricity generating equipment, attributed the drop to unspecified charges and other factors.
GE said the power market remains challenging. Revenue and orders also fell sharply at the power business.
The aviation, healthcare and renewable energy divisions reported rising profit, while profits in oil and gas and transportation fell.
GE said cash from industrial operating activities totaled $7.8 billion in the quarter, above expectations of about $7 billion, and GE said its ability to generate cash is improving.
GE's loss totaled $10.01 billion in the quarter, compared with a profit of $3.48 billion a year earlier.
On a per-share basis, GE reported a loss from continuing operations of $1.15, compared with a profit of 39 cents per share.
GE said last week it would book a $11-billion charge in the fourth quarter, including $6.2 billion for reevaluation of insurance assets. The insurance charge was double what GE had warned last year.
Total revenue in the quarter fell to $31.40 billion from $33.09 billion.
(Reporting by Alwyn Scott in New York and Rachit Vats in Bengaluru; Editing by Anil D'Silva and Nick Zieminski)