dispute@ (Recasts first sentence with U.S. lawmakers, adds details on Kansas and Iowa, comment by U.S. senator from Iowa, other background)
OVERLAND PARK, Kan., April 6 (Reuters) - U.S. lawmakers were skeptical of the Trump administrations promise to shield farmers from the rapidly escalating trade dispute between the United States and China on Friday, concerned about the lack of details in protecting the profitable U.S. agricultural export sector now embroiled in the back-and-forth.
Major farming states supported U.S. President Donald Trump in big numbers in the 2016 election, but lawmakers from those states were harsh in their criticism of proposed tariffs that have unsettled both the industry and agricultural trading markets.
It is unclear what types of options exist to protect the sector, though expectations were that the omnibus farm bill, the U.S. government's main food and agricultural policy tool, could include crop insurance and potentially other subsidies that could address the concerns. That bill is up for renewal this year.
"This is not a good situation. It just isn't," said U.S. Senator Pat Roberts, a Kansas Republican who heads the Senate Agriculture Committee.
However, no specific proposals for protecting farmers have been suggested.
Beijing rattled markets on Wednesday by threatening extra levies on U.S. goods including soybeans, the most valuable U.S. farm export to China, in retaliation for earlier U.S. trade actions. Fears later eased as many cited China's reliance on U.S. soybeans.
But on Friday, China warned it was fully prepared to respond with a "fierce counter strike" if the United States follows through on Trump's latest threat on Thursday to impose tariffs on an extra $100 billion in Chinese goods.
The administration has said it would find a way to protect farmers, but U.S. Department of Agriculture Under Secretary Bill Northey told Reuters on Thursday there were no specific plans yet. "There's a lot of different options out there," he said.
U.S. Senator Jerry Moran of Kansas, a Republican, said on the sidelines of a commodities conference in Kansas on Friday that he would support help for farmers, even though taxpayers would have to foot the bill for additional support for agriculture. Kansas was the nation's largest producer of wheat and sorghum in 2016, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
He added that the "better way to handle this is not to put the farmer in the damaging position in the first place."
On Thursday, before Trump threatened extra tariffs, Roberts said the trade conflict created a background of uncertainty for negotiating the farm bill. The current bill was passed in 2014 and was expected to cost $489 billion over five years; it expires at the end of 2018.
"Farmers have to have some degree of predictability and stability," he said on the sidelines of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission conference in Kansas. "This kind of environment certainly doesn't provide that."
Soybean futures have dropped 1.5 percent over the last five days as the dispute has heated up.
"If (farmers) are worried about the price that theyre going to get eventually, theyre going to invest less, theyre less likely to spend on fertilizer and seed, though most of those decisions have been made already," said Jonas Oxgaard, senior analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein & Co.
It is my hope the Trump Administration will reconsider these tariffs and pursue policies that enhance our competitiveness, rather than reduce our access to foreign markets, U.S. Senator Jodi Ernst of Iowa said in a statement.
Iowa is the No. 2 U.S. agriculture state in terms of farm cash receipts, led by corn, hogs, soybeans, cattle and dairy products. Its soybean production was valued at nearly $6 billion in 2016, according to the USDA.
(Reporting by Tom Polansek in Overland Park, Kansas; Ayenat Mersie in New York and Richard Cowan in Washington Writing by David Gaffen Editing by Susan Thomas and Matthew Lewis)