Officials remained firmly committed to a "patient" policy stance at their meeting earlier this month.The Fedread more
Stocks that would benefit from a federal infrastructure spending program fell after President Trump ended a meeting on infrastructure spending with Democratic leaders.Market Insiderread more
The president abruptly walked out of a meeting Wednesday, saying he would not negotiate with Democrats while they continue to investigate him.Politicsread more
Despite the president's claim that "you can't investigate and legislate simultaneously," certain must-pass pieces of legislation, including a debt ceiling hike, will...Politicsread more
Amazon shareholders demanded the company to take action on a number of different issues during its annual shareholder meeting on Wednesday.Technologyread more
Talk about 5G is everywhere right now, from the trade-war with China to the ban on Huawei. Here's what 5G is and why it matters.Technologyread more
Controversial lawyer Michael Avenatti was indicted on charges of trying to extort athletic shoe giant Nike out of tens of millions of dollars by threatening to go public with...Politicsread more
A slew of retail earnings the past two weeks makes it clear that while Americans continue to shop, they aren't ringing registers at department stores.Retailread more
Americans in certain areas of the country have significantly higher average credit scores than others. Experian's annual State of Credit report shows the average score in each...Spendread more
More voters in five key industrial states disapprove than approve of Trump's handling of trade — 56% to 41%, according to a report.Politicsread more
Ireland's privacy watchdog, which leads supervision of Google in the EU, launched an inquiry into the firm's online advertising practices.Technologyread more
Some pure caffeine products are now unlawful, according to the Food and Drug Administration.
The agency said the ban focuses on liquids and powders containing pure or highly concentrated caffeine, which are often sold in large tubs containing thousands of servings — not everyday products like coffee and energy drinks.
One teaspoon of pure powdered caffeine is equivalent to 28 cups of regular coffee, the FDA says. A recommended safe serving size of pure caffeine products is usually 200 milligrams, or 1/16th of a teaspoon of powder and about 2½ teaspoons of liquid. Amounts that tiny can be tough to measure, and slight variations can be deadly.
Two healthy young men, an 18-year-old and a 24-year-old, died from caffeine overdoses in 2014. Their families met with the FDA, which then started warning consumers about concentrated caffeine products.
In 2015, the FDA issued warning letters to five distributors of pure powdered caffeine: SPN's Smartpowders, Purebulk, Kreativ Health's Natural Food Supplements, Hard Eight Nutrition and Bridge City Bulk. In 2016, it issued two more to Global Marketing Enterprises and ALV Supplement Direct.
"Despite multiple actions against these products in the past, we've seen a continued trend of products containing highly concentrated or pure caffeine being marketed directly to consumers as dietary supplements and sold in bulk quantities, with up to thousands of recommended servings per container," FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said in a statement. "We know these products are sometimes being used in potentially dangerous ways."
Advocates and lawmakers have called on the FDA to ban concentrated caffeine products altogether. The guidance issued Friday doesn't go quite that far, instead focusing on pure and highly concentrated caffeine sold in large amounts and can't be easily measured.
For example, pills or tables and premeasured packets would be acceptable. So would bulk amounts, as long as they were diluted enough that a measurement error wouldn't make them toxic.
The changes go into effect immediately, meaning the FDA can take steps right away to start taking illegal products off the market.
"We're making clear for industry that these highly concentrated forms of caffeine that are being sold in bulk packages are generally illegal under current law," Gottlieb said. "We'll act to remove these dangerous bulk products from the market."