China has funneled billions of dollars into aid, loans and business deals on the African continent in recent years.
But as ties continue to strengthen, a former Nigerian finance minister has warned that Beijing-style economic governance will not work for Africa.
"China has been very helpful," particularly with building much-needed infrastructure in Africa, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, a two-time former finance minister in Nigeria, told CNBC on Wednesday.
But while less economically advanced countries may wish to emulate China's economic success, the Chinese approach of state-led development would prove unsuccessful for the majority of Africa, she said.
"In most African countries, it has been shown that state-led growth — pure state-led growth — has really not worked," Okonjo-Iweala said, citing the example of Nigeria's "vibrant private sector."