Shifting the other side of the equation - which means boosting U.S. exports by $200 million a year - would be even more problematic.
"Even if we sell them every last soybean we own or produce, its only going to make up a small portion of that $200 billion," Stefan Selig, an investment banker at Bridgepark Advisors, told CNBC.
The same holds true for U.S. made Boeing airplanes or Ford trucks. Even if China decided to buy $200 million worth of goods from U.S. manufacturers, with the U.S. unemployment rate now below 4 percent, it would be all but impossible to find enough skilled workers to fill those orders.
And despite Trump's insistence, the U.S. didn't "lose" $375 billion to China. In return for that money, American consumers and businesses received products that were worth that much more, collectively, than all the goods China received from the U.S.
That's why most economists look at a wider measure of the economic ties between countries, known as the current account, which includes income from abroad and other capital transfers. When an American company earns profits on a overseas operation, for example, that money is included in the current account balance.
"What really matters is that China's current-account surplus has been falling since 2008, and now stands at a relatively small 1 percent of GDP," according Jeffrey Frankel, an economist at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government.